Any use in proteomics for low-tech approaches? Detecting fibrinogen chains of different animal species in two-dimensional electrophoresis patterns
ABSTRACT We characterized the two-dimensional electrophoretic patterns of fibrinogen chains alpha, beta, and gamma from the plasma of six animal species -Bos taurus, Canis familiaris, Equus caballus, Felis catus, Gallus domesticus and Sus scrofa. Comparing the spots resolved from serum and plasma samples, or exploiting the cross-reactivity of animal fibrinogen with an antiserum raised against the human protein could detect only some of the fibrinogen chains. Conversely, the analysis of the precipitate obtained by heating plasma for some minutes at 56 degrees C was adequate for the recognition of all fibrinogen chains in all samples. Physicochemical properties of the homologous proteins were found to extensively vary across species, with complete separation among the mapping areas for alpha, beta and gamma chains and maximal heterogeneity among beta chains.
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ABSTRACT: Proteomics has the potential to elucidate complex patterns of toxic action attributed to its unique holistic a posteriori approach. In the case of toxic compounds for which the mechanism of action is not completely understood, a proteomic approach may provide valuable mechanistic insight. This review provides an overview of currently available proteomic techniques, including examples of their application in toxicological in vivo and in vitro studies. Future perspectives for a wider application of state-of-the-art proteomic techniques in the field of toxicology are discussed. The examples concern experiments with dioxins, polychlorinated biphenyls, and polybrominated diphenyl ethers as model compounds, as they exhibit a plethora of sublethal effects, of which some mechanisms were revealed via successful proteomic studies. Generally, this review shows the added value of including proteomics in a modern tool box for toxicological studies.Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Part B 05/2014; 17(4):225-46. DOI:10.1080/10937404.2014.904730 · 5.15 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In an earlier study, we found significant changes in red-blood-cell, leukocyte, and platelet counts, and in red-blood-cell membrane proteins, following exposures of anesthetized pigs to a conducted electrical weapon. In the current study, we examined potential changes in plasma proteins [analyzed via two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DGE)] following two 30 s exposures of anesthetized pigs (Sus scrofa) to a TASER (®) C2 conducted electrical weapon. Patterns of proteins, separated by 2-DGE, were consistent and reproducible between animals and between times of sampling. We determined that the blood plasma collection, handling, storage, and processing techniques we used are suitable for swine blood. There were no statistically significant changes in plasma proteins following the conducted-electrical-weapon exposures. Overall gel patterns of fibrinogen were similar to results of other studies of both pigs and humans (in control settings, not exposed to conducted electrical weapons). The lack of significant changes in plasma proteins may be added to the body of evidence regarding relative safety of TASER C2 device exposures.Forensic Science Medicine and Pathology 10/2014; DOI:10.1007/s12024-014-9606-z · 1.96 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Dogs are relevant to biomedical research in connection both to veterinary medicine for their role as pets and to basic investigations for their use as animal models in pathology, pharmacology and toxicology studies. Proteomic analysis of biological fluids is less advanced for dogs than for other animal species but a wealth of information has already been gathered, which we summarize in this review. As a remarkable feature, we also assemble here for due reference a number of 2-DE serum/plasma or urine patterns in health and disease; some of them correspond to unpublished data from University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna.Journal of proteomics 04/2014; 106. DOI:10.1016/j.jprot.2014.04.016 · 3.93 Impact Factor