Article

Timing of bone marrow cell therapy is more important than repeated injections after myocardial infarction

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of California-San Francisco, CA 94143-0103, USA.
Cardiovascular pathology: the official journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology (Impact Factor: 2.34). 07/2011; 20(4):204-12. DOI: 10.1016/j.carpath.2010.06.007
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Bone marrow cell treatment has been proposed as a therapy for myocardial infarction, but the optimal timing and number of injections remain unknown.
Myocardial infarction was induced in mice followed by ultrasound-guided injection of mouse bone marrow cells at different time points post myocardial infarction (Days 3, 7, and 14) as monotherapy and at Days 3+7 as "double" therapy and at Days 3+7+14 as "triple" therapy. Controls received saline injections at Day 3 and Days 3+7+14. Left ventricular ejection fraction was evaluated post myocardial infarction prior to any therapy and at Day 28. Hearts were analyzed at Day 28 for infarct size and survival of donor cells.
Left ventricular ejection fraction decreased from 55.3±0.9% to 37.6±0.6% (P<.001) 2 days post myocardial infarction in all groups. Injection of bone marrow cells at Day 3 post myocardial infarction resulted in smaller infarct size (17.8±3.6% vs. 36.6±7.1%; P=.05) and improved LV function (left ventricular ejection fraction 40.3±2.0% vs. 31.1±8.3%; P<.05) compared to control. However, delayed therapy at Day 7 or 14 did not. Multiple injections of bone marrow cells, either double therapy or triple therapy, did not result in reduction in infarct size, but led to improvements in left ventricular ejection fraction at Day 28 compared to control (39.9±3.6% and 38.8±5.5% vs. 34.8±5.3%; all P<.05). The number of donor cells surviving at Day 28 did not correlate with improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction.
Injection of bone marrow cells at Day 3 reduced infarct size and improved left ventricular function. Multiple injections of bone marrow cells had no additive effect. Delaying cell therapy post myocardial infarction resulted in no functional benefit at all. These results will help inform future clinical trials.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Juha W Koskenvuo, Jun 04, 2014
2 Followers
 · 
91 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this paper, a variable-coefficient modified Korteweg-de Vries (vc-mKdV) equation is considered. Bilinear forms are presented to explicitly construct periodic wave solutions based on a multidimensional Riemann theta function, then the one and two periodic wave solutions are presented, and it is also shown that the soliton solutions can be reduced from the periodic wave solutions.
    Chinese Physics B 12/2012; 21(12):120203. DOI:10.1088/1674-1056/21/12/120203 · 1.39 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We previously showed that injection of peptide nanofibers (NF) combined with autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells (MNC) immediately after coronary artery ligation improves cardiac performance in pigs. To evaluate the clinical feasibility, this study was performed to determine the therapeutic time window for NF/MNC therapy in acute myocardial infarction (MI). A total of 45 adult minipigs were randomly grouped into 7 groups: sham or MI plus treatment with NS (normal saline), or NF or MNC alone at 1 day (1D) post-MI, or NF/MNC at 1, 4, or 7 days post-MI (N≥6). Cardiac function was assessed by echocardiography and ventricular catheterization. Compared with the NS control, pigs treated with NF/MNC at 1 day post-MI (NF/MC-1D) had the greatest improvement in left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF; 55.1±1.6%; P<0.01 vs. NS) 2 months after MI. In contrast, pigs treated with either NF/MNC-4D or NF/MNC-7D showed 48.9±0.8% (P<0.05 vs. NS) and 43.5±2.3% (n.s. vs. NS) improvements, respectively. The +dP/dt and -dP/dt, infarct size and interstitial collagen content were also improved in the NF/MNC-1D and -4D groups but not in the -7D group. Mechanistically, MNC quality and the states of systemic inflammation and damaged heart tissue influence the therapeutic efficiency of NF/MNC therapy, as revealed by another independent study using 16 pigs. Injection of NF/MNC at 1 or 4 days, but not at 7 days post-MI, improves cardiac performance and prevents ventricular remodeling, confirming the importance of early intervention when using this therapy for acute MI.
    PLoS ONE 03/2015; 10(3):e0115430. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0115430 · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In adult mammals, the regeneration of the optic nerve is very limited and at the moment there are several groups trying different approaches to increase retinal ganglion cell (RGC) survival and axonal outgrowth. One promising approach is cell therapy. In previous work, we performed intravitreal transplantation of bone-marrow mononuclear cells (BMMCs) after optic nerve crush in adult rats and we demonstrated an increase in RGC survival and axon outgrowth 14 days after injury. In the present work, we investigated if these results could be sustained for a longer period of time. Optic nerve crush was performed in Lister-hooded adult rats and BMMC or saline injections were performed shortly after injury. Neuronal survival and regeneration were evaluated in rats' retina and optic nerve after 28 days. We demonstrated an increase of 5.2 fold in the axon outgrowth 28 days after lesion, but the BMMCs had no effect on RGC survival. In an attempt to prolong RGC survival, we established a new protocol with two BMMC injections, the second one 7 days after the injury. Untreated animals received two injections of saline. We observed that although the axonal outgrowth was still increased after the second BMMC injection, the RGC survival was not significantly different from untreated animals. These results demonstrate that BMMCs transplantation promotes neuroregeneration at least until 28 days after injury. However, the effects on RGC survival previously observed by us at 14 days were not sustained at 28 days and could not be prolonged with a second dose of BMMC.
    Brain Research 09/2014; 1587. DOI:10.1016/j.brainres.2014.08.070 · 2.83 Impact Factor