The impact of the phyto-oestrogen genistein on swine granulosa cell function
ABSTRACT Soya and soybean products used in swine feeding contain genistein, a non-steroidal phyto-oestrogen which has been demonstrated to influence endocrine functions. This observation leads us to design this study to evaluate the effect of genistein on swine granulosa cell steroidogenesis and proliferation. In the attempt to unravel the genistein signal transduction mechanisms, we verified the effect of lavendustin, a Tyrosine Kinase (TK) inhibitor, and the potential involvement of NO/cGMP pathway. Finally, as angiogenesis is essential for follicle development, we tested the effect of the phyto-oestrogen on vascular endothelial growth factor production and on granulosa cell redox status, because free-radical species modulate neovascularization. Our data provide evidence that genistein interferes with granulosa cell steroidogenesis while it does not modulate cell growth: this effect could be at least partially produced by inhibiting TK-dependent signalling systems. On the contrary, NO/cGMP pathway or vascular endothelial growth factor production can be excluded as signalling mechanism involved in phyto-oestrogen effects. Remarkably, genistein stimulates hydrogen peroxide production thus potentially inhibiting follicular angiogenesis. Collectively, these results suggest that genistein consumption could potentially negatively impact swine reproductive function.
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- "It is possible that because of the different hormonal milieu to which granulosa cells from medium and large follicles had been exposed in vivo, that is, before collection , the cells have responded differently to subsequent in vitro treatments . In addition, the high treatment concentrations (18.5 and 185 M) used by the cited authors may be responsible for the observed difference . The high concentrations of both genistein (45 M) and tyrphostin (100 M), another PTK inhibitor, also decreased P 4 production by porcine theca and luteal cells . "
ABSTRACT: The use of soy-based products in pig diets had raised concerns regarding the reproductive toxicity of genistein, the predominant isoflavone in soybeans. Genistein was reported to exhibit weak estrogenic activity but its mechanism of action is not fully recognized. The aim of the study was to examine the in vitro effects of genistein on (1) progesterone (P(4)) and estradiol (E(2)) secretion by porcine granulosa cells harvested from medium follicles, (2) the viability of cultured granulosa cells, and (3) the mRNA and protein expression of estrogen receptors α and β (ERα and ERβ) in these cells. In addition, to verify the role of protein tyrosine kinase (PTK)-dependent mechanisms possibly involved in genistein biological action, we tested the effects of lavendustin C, the nonsteroidal PTK inhibitor, on granulosa cell steroidogenesis. We found that genistein inhibited (P < 0.05) basal P(4) secretion by granulosa cells harvested from medium follicles of pigs. In contrast, lavendustin C did not affect basal P(4) secretion by the cells. Moreover, genistein increased (P < 0.05) basal granulosal secretion of E(2). In contrast, lavendustin C did not alter basal E(2) secretion by porcine granulosa cells. In addition, we demonstrated that genistein increased mRNA and protein expression of ERβ (P < 0.05) in the examined cells. The expression of ERα mRNA was not affected by genistein and ERα protein was not detected in the cultured granulosa cells of pigs. In summary, the genistein action on follicular steroidogenesis in pigs involved changes in the granulosal expression of ERβ. However, the genistein action on P(4) and E(2) production by granulosa cells harvested from medium follicles did not seem to be associated with PTK.Domestic animal endocrinology 08/2012; 44(1). DOI:10.1016/j.domaniend.2012.07.002 · 1.78 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Bioactive natural products present in the diet play an important role in several biological processes, and many have been involved in the alleviation and control of inflammation-related diseases. These actions have been linked to both gene expression modulation of pro-inflammatory enzymes, such as cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2), and to an action involving a direct inhibitory binding on this protein. In this study, several food-related compounds with known gene regulatory action on inflammation have been examined in silico as COX-2 ligands, utilizing AutoDock Vina, GOLD and Surflex-Dock (SYBYL) as docking protocols. Curcumin and all-trans retinoic acid presented the maximum absolute AutoDock Vina-derived binding affinities (9.3 kcal/mol), but genistein, apigenin, cyanidin, kaempferol, and docosahexaenoic acid, were close to this value. AutoDock Vina affinities and GOLD scores for several known COX-2 inhibitors significatively correlated with reported median inhibitory concentrations (R² = 0.462, P < 0.001 and R² = 0.238, P = 0.029, respectively), supporting the computational reliability of the predictions made by our docking simulations. Moreover, docking analysis insinuate the synergistic action of curcumin on celecoxib-induced inhibition of COX-2 may occur allosterically, as this natural compound docks to a place different from the inhibitor binding site. These results suggest that the anti-inflammatory properties of some food-derived molecules could be the result of their direct binding capabilities to COX-2, and this process can be modeled using protein-ligand docking methodologies.Journal of molecular graphics & modelling 07/2011; 30:157-66. DOI:10.1016/j.jmgm.2011.07.002 · 2.02 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Natural compounds commonly found in foods may contribute to protect cells against the deleterious effects of inflammation. These anti-inflammatory properties have been linked to the modulation of transcription factors that control expression of inflammation-related genes, including the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), rather than a direct inhibitory action on these proteins. In this study, forty two natural dietary compounds, known for their ability to exert an inhibitory effect on the expression of iNOS, have been studied in silico as docking ligands on two available 3D structures for this protein (PDB ID: 3E7G and PDB ID: 1NSI). Natural compounds such as silibinin and cyanidin-3-rutinoside and other flavonoids showed the highest theoretical affinities for iNOS. Docking affinity values calculated for several known iNOS inhibitors significatively correlated with their reported half maximal inhibitory concentrations (R = 0.842, P < 0.0001), suggesting the computational reliability of the predictions made by our docking simulations. Moreover, docking affinity values for potent iNOS inhibitors are of similar magnitude to those obtained for some studied natural products. Results presented here indicate that, in addition to gene expression modulation of proteins involved in inflammation, some chemicals present in food may be acting by direct binding and possible inhibiting actions on iNOS.Molecules 12/2012; 17(7):8118-35. DOI:10.3390/molecules17078118 · 2.42 Impact Factor