To investigate the possibility of microvessel density (MVD) and blood vessel invade (BVI) as the indexes in predicting prognosis of rectal carcinoma at stages I to II.
Tumor tissues from 380 patients who underwent resection of stage I or II rectal cancer were analyzed for MVD and BVI by immunohistochemical S-P method with anti-CD105 and anti-CD 34 antibody. Binary and multivariable Cox regression was applied to indicate independent factors associated with overall survival.
CD105 was present in the neovascularity of the cancer tissue but not in the normal tissue, while CD34 was present in the tumor tissue and the normal tissue. BVI on CD34 staining was significantly higher than that on HE staining. Multivariable analysis revealed that TNM stage, CD34-BVI, histologic type, and CD105-MDV were independent risk factors to predict the possibility of poor prognosis of stage I or II rectal cancer. CD34-BVI or CD105-MVD positivity had a hazard ratio of 4.483 (95% confidence interval 2.861-7.026) for mortality.
The expressions of CD34-BVI and CD105-MVD are independent factors to predict the possibility of poor survival of stage I or II rectal carcinoma. Detection of CD105-MVD combined with CD34-BVI may help predict clinical outcome and design further individualized adjuvant treatment.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: to evaluate the therapeutic effect of targeted endostatin-loaded microbubbles, combined with improved, focused, directional ultrasound radiation for inhibition of subcutaneous translocation in situ colon tumor angiogenesis in colon cancer.
65 BALB/c nude mice with subcutaneous translocation in situ colon tumors were randomly divided into five groups. Group A was the control group, without any treatments. In Group B, the mouse was treated with ultrasonic radiation. In Group C, the mouse was treated with ultrasonic radiation combined with empty SonoVue microbubbles. In Group D, the mouse was treated with ultrasonic radiation combined with empty Targestar-SA microbubbles. In Group E, the mouse was treated with ultrasonic radiation combined with endostatin microbubbles. The tumor size was measured before and 1, 14, and 28 days after irradiation. The peak intensity (PI), regional blood volume (RBV) and regional blood flow (RBF) were recorded using contrast-enhanced ultrasound. The tumor tissue was removed for pathological examination; the tumor necrosis area and microvascular density (MVD) were evaluated by immunohistochemistry.
Tumors in Groups C, D and E were significantly smaller than in Groups A and B at 28 days after irradiation, with Group E the smallest. PI, RBF and RBV of Groups C, D, and E were significantly decreased 28 days after radiation with Group E the lowest, and significantly lower than Groups A and B (all P < 0.05). The tumor tissue necrosis area of Group E was clearly greater while MVD was obviously lower than the other groups (all P < 0.01) at 28 days after treatment.
The targeted endostatin microbubbles, combined with focused, directional ultrasound radiation can damage tumor microvasculature of subcutaneous colon translocation in situ colon cancer, as well as inhibit the tumor angiogenesis.
02/2014; 2(1):44-53. DOI:10.1093/gastro/got038
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