Criminal Justice Involvement and Service Need among Men on Methadone who Have Perpetrated Intimate Partner Violence.

Social Intervention Group, Columbia University School of Social Work, New York, NY, USA.
Journal of Criminal Justice (Impact Factor: 1.24). 07/2010; 38(4):835-840. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2010.05.012
Source: PubMed


Perpetrators of male-to-female intimate partner violence (IPV) may be likely to have multiple service needs, the extent of which may vary with respect to criminal justice involvement. The salience of the criminal justice system and the potential impact on service needs due to arrest and incarceration is underscored given the association between substance use and IPV. This study utilized a sample of men in methadone treatment who perpetrated male-to-female IPV in order to examine associations between criminal justice involvement and perceived additional service need(s). Results indicate that the likelihood of having a service need(s) significantly increased as time since most recent arrest or incarceration decreased. These findings highlight the need and potential benefit that can be derived from greater coordination amongst the criminal justice, IPV prevention, and drug treatment systems and service providers.

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Available from: Elwin Wu, Jun 19, 2015
    • "One way of reaching more perpetrators would be to integrate interventions for them into mainstream substance misuse treatment services. Moreover, in one study of substance misusing men who perpetrated partner violence, around half stressed their need for family services (Wu et al., 2010), contradicting 'the commonly held notion that men who perpetrate intimate partner violence may be reluctant or resistant to engage with the formal service system' (p. 383). "
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    ABSTRACT: Prevalence of intimate partner violence perpetration is higher among male substance misusers than men in the general population. Previous studies have included few risk factors, limiting their capacity to inform interventions. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with intimate partner violence by male substance misusers. Two hundred and thirty-five men in treatment for substance misuse completed surveys that included the Revised Conflict Tactics Scale and the Psychological Maltreatment of Women Inventory (PMWI). Variables significant in bivariate analyses were entered into multiple logistic regression analyses. Seventeen in-depth interviews were conducted with perpetrators and analysed using a framework approach. Just over a third of the men (34%) had been violent in the last year to their current/most recent partner. After excluding the men's own domestic victimisation from the multivariate model, perpetratation of such violence was significantly and independently associated with lower level of education, having higher PMWI dominance-isolation and emotional-verbal subscale scores and parents who had separated/divorced, and at a lower level of significance, childhood physical abuse, hazardous drinking and cocaine as the principal drug for which treatment was sought. Interview data suggested that perpetrators 'blamed' alcohol or cocaine use, jealousy, control and provocation or 'fighting back' for their behaviour. Intimate partner violence is common among men attending substance misuse treatment. Integrated interventions should that address both intimate partner violence and substance misuse should be considered. Areas for intervention would include reducing dominating-isolating behaviours and emotional-verbal abuse, improving communication skills, challenging gender-specific roles and believing that substance use 'causes' violent behaviour. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health 05/2015; DOI:10.1002/cbm.1958 · 1.28 Impact Factor
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    • "This suggests, in part, that use might be a motivation for dealing as drug dealing provides access to drugs and drug users, as well as income to support one's own drug use. Substance use has long been associated with delinquent behavior (Baron, 2010; Beaver et al., 2008; DeLisi & Piquero, 2011; Lipsey & Derzon, 1998; Vaughn, Freedenthal, Jenson, & Howard, 2007; White et al., 2002; Wu et al., 2010) and it is likely that use might serve as a motivation for property crimes in order to support one's habit or that use might help to facilitate involvement in delinquent behavior in other ways. "
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose Numerous studies have found that young people who sell drugs are more likely to be involved in risky behaviors than those who do not sell drugs. There has been relatively little research, however, that has explored heterogeneity among young people who sell drugs. Methods Using a pooled sample of 12 to 17 year olds from the National Study on Drug Use and Health who report past-year drug selling (N = 3,080) this study employs latent profile analysis and multinomial logistic regression to specify latent groups and assess the correlates of group membership. Results Findings indicate substantial differences among young drug dealers. In particular, the analysis found three groups of drug dealers: dabblers, delinquents, and externalizers. These groups significantly differed on demographic, substance use, behavioral, and psychosocial characteristics. Conclusions Results indicate that the vast majority of dealers use alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana. Findings also lend support to the idea that person-context intersections are critical for understanding drug selling. Specifically, psychological, family, peer, and economic context are associated with differences among our groups of young drug dealers and interventions need to focus on these factors in seeking to disrupt drug dealing behavior among young people.
    Journal of Criminal Justice 11/2013; 41(6):365-374. DOI:10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2013.07.008 · 1.24 Impact Factor
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    • "Like HIV and SUDs, an epidemic of violence is highly concentrated among criminal justice (CJ) populations and associated with increased HIV risk behaviors, particularly among women (Ravi et al., 2007). IPV risk is magnified following release from CJ settings (Weir et al., 2009; Wu et al., 2010), and prisoners are at high risk for discontinuous HIV care in the chaotic period following release (Springer et al., 2004; Stephenson et al., 2005). Whereas continuous HIV care is key to improving individual-level and public health outcomes in CJ populations (Meyer et al., 2011a, b; Springer et al., 2011; Althoff et al., 2012), it is critical to understand negative health impacts of IPV and the barriers IPV poses to engagement in HIV care. "
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    ABSTRACT: Little is known about the association of intimate partner violence (IPV) with specific HIV treatment outcomes, especially among criminal justice (CJ) populations who are disproportionately affected by IPV, HIV, mental and substance use disorders (SUDs) and are at high risk of poor post-release continuity of care. Mixed methods were used to describe the prevalence, severity, and correlates of lifetime IPV exposure among HIV-infected jail detainees enrolled in a novel jail-release demonstration project in Connecticut. Additionally, the effect of IPV on HIV treatment outcomes and longitudinal healthcare utilization was examined. Structured baseline surveys defined 49% of 84 participants as having significant IPV-exposure, which was associated with female gender, longer duration since HIV diagnosis, suicidal ideation, having higher alcohol use severity, having experienced other forms of childhood and adulthood abuse, and homo/bisexual orientation. IPV was not directly correlated with HIV healthcare utilization or treatment outcomes. In-depth qualitative interviews with 20 surveyed participants, however, confirmed that IPV was associated with disengagement from HIV care especially in the context of overlapping vulnerabilities, including transitioning from CJ to community settings, having untreated mental disorders, and actively using drugs or alcohol at the time of incarceration. Post-release interventions for HIV-infected CJ populations should minimally integrate HIV secondary prevention with violence reduction and treatment for SUDs.
    International Journal of Prisoner Health 09/2013; 9(3):124-141. DOI:10.1108/IJPH-03-2013-0011
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