Technical report on the initial cases of single-incision laparoscopic combined cholecystectomy and splenectomy in children, using conventional instruments.
ABSTRACT The authors report a technique to perform single-incision laparoscopic combined cholecystectomy and splenectomy in 3 children using conventional instruments.
Three ports, including 5-mm and 3-mm ports, were placed through an infraumbilical incision for the procedure. Splenectomy was completed in most parts by crossing the 2 straight instruments.
The 3 patients, aged 11 to 13 years, with body weight 29 kg to 32 kg, underwent the procedure. In the first patient, 2 additional extraumbilical 5-mm ports were required to complete the splenectomy. After modification of the technique, combined cholecystectomy and splenectomy by SILS were successfully performed in the other 2 patients without complications, and postoperative courses were uneventful.
Combined cholecystectomy and splenectomy in children by SILS is technically feasible using conventional instruments. Further studies are required to investigate its safety, benefits over conventional laparoscopic surgery, and refinements in the technique.
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ABSTRACT: The authors report a single-access transumbilical laparoscopic splenectomy (SATLS) performed with curved reusable instruments. A 23-year-old female consulted for steroid-resistant idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and clinical evidence of secondary Cushing syndrome. Preoperative workup showed a normal-sized spleen and thrombocytopenia. The umbilicus was incised and a purse-string suture was applied. A reusable 11-mm trocar was inserted for a 10-mm, 30° angled scope. Curved reusable instruments (Karl Storz-Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany) were advanced without trocars transumbilically. After opening the splenocolic and gastrosplenic ligaments, the main splenic artery and vein were dissected off at the level of the hilum, clipped with 5-mm clips introduced transumbilically, and sectioned. Posterior splenic attachments were freed at the hilum cranially and caudally. The spleen was finally retrieved transumbilically in a plastic bag. Addition of supplementary trocars or incisions was not necessary. Operative time was 180 min and final umbilical scar 16 mm. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 3, and after 6 months she was doing well. SATLS was feasible and safe to be performed using curved reusable instruments. The curves of the instruments permitted the surgeon to work in an ergonomic position, without the instruments clashing thanks to the obtained triangulation. Since only reusable instruments were used, the cost of SATLS remained similar to that of standard laparoscopy.Surgical Endoscopy 04/2011; 25(10):3419-22. · 3.43 Impact Factor