Marginal misses after postoperative intensity-modulated radiotherapy for head and neck cancer.
ABSTRACT To describe the spatial distribution of local-regional recurrence (LRR) among patients treated postoperatively with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for head and neck cancer.
The medical records of 90 consecutive patients treated by gross total resection and postoperative IMRT for squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck from January 2003 to July 2009 were reviewed. Sites of disease were the oral cavity (43 patients), oropharynx (20 patients), larynx (15 patients), and hypopharynx (12 patients). Fifty patients (56%) received concurrent chemotherapy.
Seventeen of 90 patients treated with postoperative IMRT experienced LRR, yielding a 2-year estimate of local regional control of 80%. Among the LRR patients, 11 patients were classified as in-field recurrences, occurring within the physician-designated clinical target volume, and 6 patients were categorized as marginal recurrences. There were no out-of-field geographical misses. Sites of marginal LRRs included the contralateral neck adjacent to the spared parotid gland (3 patients), the dermal/subcutaneous surface (2 patients), and the retropharyngeal/retrostyloid lymph node region (1 patient).
Although the incidence of geographical misses was relatively low, the possibility of this phenomenon should be considered in the design of target volumes among patients treated by postoperative IMRT for head and neck cancer.
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ABSTRACT: Objectives To evaluate loco-regional control, survival, toxicities and patterns of failure of adjuvant intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with a simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) for head and neck cancer (HNC) patients according to risk features. Materials and methods 129 HNC patients who were treated between January 2001 and June 2010 at our institute with adjuvant SIB-IMRT with or without concurrent chemotherapy (CTX-SIB-IMRT) were included. High-risk (HR) patients with extracapsular tumor extension (ECE) and/or close resection margins had CTX-SIB-IMRT to 54/63.9 Gy and intermediate-risk (IR) patients had SIB-IMRT to 50/56 Gy. The primary endpoints were local (LC) and regional control (RC). Secondary endpoints included distant control rate (DC), overall survival (OS), acute and late toxicities and patterns of failure. Results 79/129 Patients were HR. 50/129 patients IR. 5-year LC was 87% and 89%, RC was 97% and 86%, DC was 95% and 77% and the OS 73% and 67% for IR and HR respectively. 43 deaths occurred. Acute toxicity CTCAE ⩾ grade 3 was observed in 55% and 56% and late toxicities in 10% and 15% of the IR and HR-group respectively. Fifteen patients developed loco-regional failure. Conclusion We observed significantly more patients with distant metastases in the HR group and no difference in LC, RC or OS between the two groups. The majority of the analyzed recurrences were in-field, in the high dose volume. Acute and late toxicity was moderate.Oral Oncology 09/2014; 50(11). DOI:10.1016/j.oraloncology.2014.08.006 · 3.03 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background Saliva from submandibular glands (SMG) is necessary to minimize xerostomia. It is unclear whether SMG can be safely spared in patients undergoing bilateral neck radiotherapy for locally advanced oropharyngeal cancer without increasing the risk of marginal recurrence. We evaluated the outcomes of contralateral submandibular gland (cSMG) sparing intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT).Methods All patients with stage III/IV oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma treated with bilateral neck IMRT from 2006¿2012 at our institution were included. Appropriately selected patients with favorable primary tumor characteristics and no definite contralateral neck disease were treated with cSMG-sparing IMRT. Patterns of failure and xerostomia outcomes were retrospectively analyzed.Results114 patients were treated. 89% had stage IV disease and 89% received definitive radiation therapy. 76 patients (67%) received cSMG sparing IMRT. With a median follow-up of 30 months, there were 10 local, 9 regional, and 10 distant recurrences. 2-year overall survival was 86% and 2-year loco-regional control was 87%. In cSMG spared patients, the mean cSMG dose was 30.7 Gy. Late grade 2+ xerostomia was significantly reduced in the cSMG spared group compared to those without SMG sparing (6 months: 23% vs. 72%, 12 months: 6% vs. 41%, 24 months: 3% vs. 36%, all p¿<¿0.0007). There were no peri-SMG marginal recurrences in the cSMG-spared cohort.ConclusionscSMG sparing IMRT did not increase marginal failures in this series of locally advanced oropharyngeal SCC patients. Xerostomia was significantly reduced in cSMG spared patients.Radiation Oncology 11/2014; 9(1):255. DOI:10.1186/s13014-014-0255-x · 2.36 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Aim To present clinical results of adjuvant irradiation of excised refractory keloid wounds using a novel bolus-free technique developed within our group to irradiate the skin surface with a linear accelerator. Background The use of a bolus to increase surface dose over a newly excised keloid presents several problems. Previous solutions are unsatisfactory. Our technique is promising but needs to be evaluated in practice. Materials and methods Twenty refractory skin keloids in 19 patients were excised and irradiated in Hospital Plató (Barcelona, Spain) using a 6 MeV electron beam with a 4-mm aluminium spoiler. 15 Gy in fractions of 3 Gy were delivered to the excision site plus a safety margin. All patients were examined during the follow-up (median: 40 months, interval: 12–68 months) and toxicities were recovered. Results At the end of the follow-up period, 76% of the cases had not recurred, while the complete response rate amounted to 53%. Residual hypertrophic scars were classified as partial responses. After therapy, itching and pain were observed in 30% of the patients, as well as one telangiectasia and two hyperchromatic scars. Conclusion Our technique avoids using a bolus while combining the benefits of electron beam therapy in keloids (fewer secondary effects, and fewer and shorter treatments) with a dose deposition adequate for skin surface treatments. Our results are in line with the most successful therapies evaluated in the literature, as secondary effects are acceptable and recurrence rates are low.Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy 08/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.rpor.2014.08.005