Article

Implementation of 3 T Lactate-Edited 3D H MR Spectroscopic Imaging with Flyback Echo-Planar Readout for Gliomas Patients

UCSF/UCB Joint Graduate Group in Bioengineering, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA.
Annals of Biomedical Engineering (Impact Factor: 3.23). 01/2011; 39(1):193-204. DOI: 10.1007/s10439-010-0128-x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to implement a new lactate-edited 3D 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) sequence at 3 T and demonstrate the feasibility of using this sequence for measuring lactate in patients with gliomas. A 3D PRESS MRSI sequence incorporating shortened, high bandwidth 180° pulses, new dual BASING lactate-editing pulses, high bandwidth very selective suppression (VSS) pulses and a flyback echo-planar readout was implemented at 3 T. Over-prescription factor of PRESS voxels was optimized using phantom to minimize chemical shift artifacts. The lactate-edited flyback sequence was compared with lactate-edited MRSI using conventional elliptical k-space sampling in a phantom and volunteers, and then applied to patients with gliomas. The results demonstrated the feasibility of detecting lactate within a short scan time of 9.5 min in both phantoms and patients. Over-prescription of voxels gave less chemical shift artifacts allowing detection of lactate on the majority of the selected volume. The normalized SNR of brain metabolites using the flyback encoding were comparable to the SNR of brain metabolites using conventional phase encoding MRSI. The specialized lactate-edited 3D MRSI sequence was able to detect lactate in brain tumor patients at 3 T. The implementation of this technique means that brain lactate can be evaluated in a routine clinical setting to study its potential as a marker for prognosis and response to therapy.

0 Followers
 · 
128 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Measurement of tissue lactate using (1) H MRS is often confounded by overlap with intense lipid signals at 1.3 ppm. Single-voxel localization using PRESS is also compromised by the large chemical shift displacement between voxels for the 4.1 ppm (-CH) resonance and the 1.3 ppm -CH3 resonance, leading to subvoxels with signals of opposite phase and hence partial signal cancellation. To reduce the chemical shift displacement to negligible proportions, a modified semi-LASER sequence was written ("FOCI-LASER", abbreviated as fLASER) using FOCI pulses to permit high RF bandwidth even with the limited RF amplitude characteristic of clinical MRI scanners. A further modification, MQF-fLASER, includes a selective multiple-quantum filter to detect lactate and reject lipid signals. The sequences were implemented on a Philips 3 T Achieva TX system. In a solution of brain metabolites fLASER lactate signals were 2.7 times those of PRESS. MQF-fLASER lactate was 47% of fLASER (the theoretical maximum is 50%) but still larger than PRESS lactate. In oil, the main 1.3 ppm lipid peak was suppressed to less than 1%. Enhanced suppression was possible using increased gradient durations. The minimum detectable lactate concentration was approximately 0.5 mM. Coherence selection gradients needed to be at the magic angle to avoid large water signals derived from intermolecular multiple-quantum coherences. In pilot patient measurements, lactate peaks were often observed in brain tumours, but not in cervix tumours; lipids were effectively suppressed. In summary, compared with PRESS, the fLASER sequence yields greatly superior sensitivity for direct detection of lactate (and equivalent sensitivity for other metabolites), while the single-voxel single-shot MQF-fLASER sequence surpasses PRESS for lactate detection while eliminating substantial signals from lipids. This sequence will increase the potential for in vivo lactate measurement as a biomarker in targeted anti-cancer treatments as well as in measurements of tissue hypoxia. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. © 2015 The Authors. NMR in Biomedicine published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    NMR in Biomedicine 04/2015; 28(4):496-504. DOI:10.1002/nbm.3276 · 3.56 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Gliomas are routinely graded according to histopathological criteria established by the World Health Organization. Although this classification can be used to understand some of the variance in the clinical outcome of patients, there is still substantial heterogeneity within and between lesions of the same grade. This study evaluated image-guided tissue samples acquired from a large cohort of patients presenting with either new or recurrent gliomas of grades II–IV using ex vivo proton high-resolution magic angle spinning spectroscopy. The quantification of metabolite levels revealed several discrete profiles associated with primary glioma subtypes, as well as secondary subtypes that had undergone transformation to a higher grade at the time of recurrence. Statistical modeling further demonstrated that these metabolomic profiles could be differentially classified with respect to pathological grading and inter-grade conversions. Importantly, the myo-inositol to total choline index allowed for a separation of recurrent low-grade gliomas on different pathological trajectories, the heightened ratio of phosphocholine to glycerophosphocholine uniformly characterized several forms of glioblastoma multiforme, and the onco-metabolite D-2-hydroxyglutarate was shown to help distinguish secondary from primary grade IV glioma, as well as grade II and III from grade IV glioma. These data provide evidence that metabolite levels are of interest in the assessment of both intra-grade and intra-lesional malignancy. Such information could be used to enhance the diagnostic specificity of in vivo spectroscopy and to aid in the selection of the most appropriate therapy for individual patients. © 2014 The Authors. NMR in Biomedicine published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    NMR in Biomedicine 05/2014; 27(5). DOI:10.1002/nbm.3097 · 3.56 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Magnetic resonance (MR) modalities are routine imaging tools in the diagnosis and management of gliomas. MR spectroscopic imaging (MRSI), which relies on the metabolic characteristics of tissues, has been developed to accelerate the understanding of gliomas and to aid in effective clinical decision making and development of targeted therapies. In this review, the potentials and practical challenges to frequently use this technique in clinical management of gliomas are discussed. The applications of new biomarkers detectable by MRSI in differential glioma diagnosis, pre- and post-treatment evaluations, and neurosurgery are also addressed.
    Acta oncologica (Stockholm, Sweden) 03/2014; 53(5). DOI:10.3109/0284186X.2014.891046 · 3.71 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
29 Downloads
Available from
May 27, 2014