Mechanical characterization of proanthocyanidin-dentin matrix interaction.
ABSTRACT To characterize the properties of dentin matrix treated with two proanthocyanidin rich cross-linking agents and their effect on dentin bonded interfaces.
Sound human molars were cut into 0.5 mm thick dentin slabs, demineralized and either treated with one of two cross-linking agents (grape seed-GSE and cocoa seed-COE extracts) or left untreated. The modulus of elasticity of demineralized dentin was assessed after 10 or 60 min and the swelling ratio after 60 min treatment. Bacterial collagenase was also used to assess resistance to enzymatic degradation of samples subjected to ultimate tensile strength. The effect of GSE or COE on the resin-dentin bond strength was evaluated after 10 or 60 min of exposure time. Data were statistically analyzed at a 95% confidence interval.
Both cross-linkers increased the elastic modulus of demineralized dentin as exposure time increased. Swelling ratio was lower for treated samples when compared to control groups. No statistically significant changes to the UTS indicate that collagenase had no effect on dentin matrix treated with either GSE or COE. Resin-dentin bonds significantly increased following treatment with GSE regardless of the application time or adhesive system used.
Increased mechanical properties and stability of dentin matrix can be achieved by the use of PA-rich collagen cross-linkers most likely due to the formation of a PA-collagen complex. The short term resin-dentin bonds can be improved after 10 min dentin treatment.
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ABSTRACT: Grape seeds are a rich source of polyphenols, especially proanthocyanidins (PACs), and are also known for the presence of galloylated oligomeric PACs (OPACs). The present study focuses on phytochemical methodology for grape seed (O)PACs and their potential role as dentin bio-modifiers to be used in restorative and reparative dentistry. A new method using centrifugal partition chromatography (CPC) was developed for the preparative separation of the grape seed (O)PACs. Orthogonal phytochemical profiling of the resulting CPC fractions was performed using C18 and diol HPLC, normal phase HPTLC, and IT-TOF MS analysis. A galloylated procyanidin dimer (1) was isolated from a CPC fraction in order to evaluate its potential to enhance dentin bio-mechanical properties. Moreover, it helped to evaluate the impact of the galloyl moiety on the observed bioactivity. Structure elucidation was performed using ESI-MS, 1D and 2D NMR analyses. For the first time, (1)H iterative full spin analysis (HiFSA) was performed on this type of molecule, enabling a detailed proton chemical shift and coupling constant assignment. The CPC fractions as well as 1 showed promising results in the dentin stiffness bioassay and indicate that it may be used as dental intervention material. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.Fitoterapia 12/2014; 101. DOI:10.1016/j.fitote.2014.12.006 · 2.22 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study compared the effect of three flavonoids: proanthocyanidin, naringin and quercetin on the modulus of elasticity (MOE) and ultimate tensile strength (UTS) of demineralised dentine.Journal of Dentistry 07/2014; 42(9). DOI:10.1016/j.jdent.2014.07.002 · 2.84 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Degradation of the adhesive interface contributes to the failure of resin composite restorations. The hydrophilicity of the dentin matrix during and after bonding procedures may result in an adhesive interface that is more prone to degradation over time. This study assessed the effect of chemical modification of the dentin matrix on the wettability and the long-term reduced modulus of elasticity (Er) of adhesive interfaces. Human molars were divided into groups according to the priming solutions: distilled water (control), 6.5% Proanthocyanidin-rich grape seed extract (PACs), 5.75% 1-ethyl-3-[3-dimethylaminopropyl] carbodiimide hydrochloride/1.4% n-hydroxysuccinimide (EDC/NHS) and 5% Glutaraldehyde (GA). The water-surface contact angle was assessed before and after chemical modification of the dentin matrix. The demineralized dentin surface was treated with the priming solutions and restored with One Step Plus (OS) and Single Bond Plus (SB) and resin composite. Er of the adhesive, hybrid layer and underlying dentin was evaluated after 24h and 30 months in artificial saliva. The dentin hydrophilicity significantly decreased after application of the priming solutions. Aging significantly decreased Er in the hybrid layer and underlying dentin of control groups. Er of GA groups remained stable over time at the hybrid layer and underlying dentin. Significant higher Er was observed for PACs and EDC/NHS groups at the hybrid layer after 24h. The decreased hydrophilicity of the modified dentin matrix likely influence the immediate mechanical properties of the hybrid layer. Dentin biomodification prevented substantial aging at the hybrid layer and underlying dentin after 30 months storage. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.Journal of Biomechanics 03/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.03.016 · 2.50 Impact Factor