Association between adiposity and inflammatory markers in maternal and fetal blood in a group of Mexican pregnant women.

Department of Nutrition Research, Instituto Nacional de Perinatologia Isidro Espinosa de los Reyes, Mexico D.F., Mexico City, Mexico.
The British journal of nutrition (Impact Factor: 3.45). 12/2010; 104(12):1735-9. DOI: 10.1017/S0007114510002825
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In the present pilot study, we evaluated the effect of maternal adiposity on the plasma concentration of adipocytokines in pregnant women and their newborns. Twenty patients with term gestations without labour were initially selected by pregestational BMI and then classified into two study groups (n 10 each), according to their median value of adiposity (total body fat). Concentrations of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, leptin and adiponectin in plasma of maternal peripheral blood and fetal cord blood were measured and correlated to maternal adiposity. Maternal adiposity showed a significant negative correlation with fetal adiponectin (r - 0·587, P = 0·01) and IL-6 (r - 0·466, P = 0·05), a significant positive correlation with maternal leptin (r 0·527, P = 0·02) and no correlation with TNF-α or IL-1β. Adiponectin was higher in fetal plasma than in maternal plasma (P = 0·043), but significantly lower in newborns from women with high adiposity than in newborns from women with low adiposity (P = 0·040). Our results suggest that fetuses from obese women may be less able to control inflammation, due to lower circulating anti-inflammatory adipocytokines, which could limit their optimal development or even increase the risk of abortion or preterm labour.

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    ABSTRACT: In the nonpregnant population, there is extensive evidence of a systemic low-grade inflammatory status in relation to excess adipose tissue. Less is known about the relation during pregnancy. Our main objective was therefore to explore the effect of pregnancy on adiposity-related systemic inflammation. This study is a longitudinal cohort study of 240 pregnant women of Scandinavian heritage at Oslo University hospital-Rikshospitalet, Norway from 2002 to 2005. The inflammatory markers (C-reactive protein [CRP], Interleukin-6 [IL-6], monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 [MCP-1], IL1-Ra, tumor necrosis factor receptor II, and IL-10) were measured at four timepoints during pregnancy and analyzed by enzyme immuno-assay. The women were categorized based on BMI at inclusion (BMI <25, 25-30, and >30 kg/m(2) ). Data were analyzed by Friedman-test, Wilcoxon signed rank test, or Kruskal-Wallis test as appropriate. Maternal adiposity was associated with significantly higher circulatory levels of several inflammatory markers (CRP, MCP-1, IL-6, and IL-1Ra). However, this proinflammatory upregulation was not evident toward the end of pregnancy, as levels of CRP, MCP-1, and IL-6 were not any longer significantly different between the BMI categories. Although normal pregnancy exhibits proinflammatory features, this does not seem to have additive or synergistic effects on the inflammation associated with adiposity. On the contrary, we found that the BMI-dependent increase in proinflammatory markers was not evident at the end of pregnancy.
    Obesity 01/2013; 21(1):E124-30. · 3.92 Impact Factor


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May 16, 2014