Tuning the shape and thermoelectric property of PbTe nanocrystals by bismuth doping.
ABSTRACT We report the synthesis of a series of monodispersed Bi-doped PbTe nanocrystals with tunable morphologies by using a doping precursor of bismuth(III) 2-ethylhexanoate. The as-synthesized Pb(1-x)Bi(x)Te (x = 0.005, 0.010, 0.015, 0.020) nanocrystals are characterized by X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Hall measurements. The nanocrystals with controlled spherical, cuboctahedral, and cubic shapes were readily prepared by varying the Bi doping concentration. Thermoelectric investigation of these nanocrystals shows that the Bi(3+) doping increases electrical conductivity from 350 to 650 K and changes the Seebeck coefficient sign from positive to negative.
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ABSTRACT: One hundred and fifty nanometers sized anatase titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) have been functionalized with the –CH3, –NH2, –SH, –OH, –COOH, and –SO3H terminal groups. Surface charge, aggregation, and adsorption behaviors of the functionalized NPs in aquatic phase have been investigated by a set of experiments following the full factorial design. The dependence of surface charge, suspension size, and surface adsorption upon the various factors (including surface chemistry of NPs, the pH value, and ionic strength of an aqueous solution) has been studied with the statistical methods such as multiple linear regressions and multiple comparison tests. The surface functional group on the TiO2 NPs affects the characteristics in the simulated aquatic environment. The correlations among the characteristics of NPs have also been investigated by obtaining Pearson’s correlation coefficient. The hydrodynamic size is negatively correlated with the absolute value of zeta potential, and positively correlated with the ionic strength. In the NaCl solution, the charge screening effect is responsible for the aggregation. In the CaCl2 solution, the charge screening effect is dominant mechanism for aggregation at a low salt concentration. In contrast, the interaction between Ca2+ ions and the specific functional group plays a significant role at a high salt concentration. The adsorption efficiency of humic acid decreases with an increase in the pH value, whereas increases with an increase in the ionic strength. The adsorption efficiency is positively correlated with the zeta potential. The statistical analysis methods and the results have implications in assessment of potential environmental risks posed by engineered nanoparticles.Journal of Nanoparticle Research 01/2012; 15(1). DOI:10.1007/s11051-012-1293-7 · 2.28 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The present study investigates the properties of mechanically compacted pellets of nanosized lead telluride powders synthesized by using ethylene glycol as solvent and PVP as surfactant. XRD analysis indicates the formation of PbTe nanocrystals which exhibit both cubic and orthorhombic phases. Morphological study reveals that the prepared PbTe nanocrystals have disk-like shape. Electrical analysis reveals that the electrical conductivity of PbTe nanocrystals can be enhanced by the formation of nanodisks. Optical absorption and PL results show a large blue-shift which implies that the prepared PbTe nanodisks show strong quantum confinement effect. The possible formation mechanism of the PbTe nanodisks was also discussed.Advanced Powder Technology 01/2013; 24(1):218–223. DOI:10.1016/j.apt.2012.06.005 · 1.65 Impact Factor
Article: Doped Colloidal ZnO Nanocrystals[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Colloidal ZnO nanocrystals are promising for a wide range of applications due to the combination of unique multifunctional nature and remarkable solution processability. Doping is an effective approach of enhancing the properties of colloidal ZnO nanocrystals in well-controlled manners. In this paper, we analyzed two synthetic strategies for the doped colloidal ZnO nanocrystals, emphasizing our understanding on the critical factors associated with the high temperature and nonaqueous approach. Latest advances of three topics, bandgap engineering, n-type doping, and dilute magnetic semiconductors related to doped ZnO nanocrystals were discussed to reveal the effects of dopants on the properties of the nanocrystalline materials.Journal of Nanomaterials 01/2012; 2012. DOI:10.1155/2012/985326 · 1.61 Impact Factor