Natural History of Supratentorial Hemangioblastomas in von Hippel-Lindau Disease
ABSTRACT Supratentorial hemangioblastomas are rare lesions, occurring either sporadically or in von Hippel-Lindau disease.
Following recent advances in our understanding of the natural history of von Hippel-Lindau-associated cerebellar and spinal hemangioblastomas, we conducted a study of the natural history of supratentorial hemangioblastomas in von Hippel-Lindau disease.
We reviewed a series of 18 supratentorial hemangioblastomas in 13 patients with von Hippel-Lindau disease. Clinical, genetic, and serial imaging data and operative records were analyzed.
Hemangioblastomas were most commonly seen in the temporal lobe. Only 6 tumors had a cyst at diagnosis or during follow-up, and only 6 patients had associated symptoms at presentation or during follow-up. The most frequent clinical presentations were intracranial hypertension and visual loss. Of 14 tumors with documented serial imaging, 13 demonstrated tumor growth. Rates and patterns of tumor growth were unique to each patient. The mechanism of cyst formation described in other locations was also demonstrated in the supratentorial region. Patterns of peritumoral edema and rate of cyst formation seemed to be influenced by the presence of anatomic barriers. Germline VHL mutation was identified in all patients, but no specific genotype-phenotype correlation was found, although a familial predisposition is suggested.
This series illustrates the wide variation in tumor locations, patterns of growth, and edema progression seen in supratentorial hemangioblastomas and adds to our knowledge of the natural history of hemangioblastomas.
SourceAvailable from: Kwang Wook Jo[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Hemangioblastomas are sporadic tumors found in the cerebellum or spinal cord. Supratentorial hemangioblastomas are rare, and those with meningeal involvement are extremely rare and have been reported in only approximately 130 patients. Here, we report the case of a 51-year-old female patient with supratentorial meningeal hemangioblastoma detected 5 years after surgical resection of an infratentorial hemangioblastoma associated with von Hippel-Lindau disease. Patients with von Hippel-Lindau syndrome are at risk for developing multiple hemangioblastomas, with new tumor formation and growth and possible meningeal infiltration. Regular lifelong follow-up in at-risk patients is recommended and should include the differential diagnosis of dural-based tumors such as angioblastic meningioma and metastatic renal cell carcinoma.Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 11/2013; 54(5):415-9. DOI:10.3340/jkns.2013.54.5.415 · 0.52 Impact Factor
The Korean Journal of Pathology 12/2014; 48(6):462-5. DOI:10.4132/KoreanJPathol.2014.48.6.462 · 0.17 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background: Hemangioblastomas (HBLs) are benign neoplasms that contribute to 1-2.5% of intracranial tumors and 7-12% of posterior fossa lesions in adult patients. HBLs either evolve hereditarily in association with von Hippel–Lindau disease (vHL) or, more prevalently, as solitary sporadic tumors. Only few authors have reported on the clinical presentation and the neurological outcome of HBL. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical, radiological, surgical, and histopathologic records of 24 consecutive patients (11 men, 13 women; mean age 51.3 years) with HBL of the posterior cranial fossa, who had been treated at our center between 2001 and 2012. We reviewed the current literature, and discussed our findings in the context of previous publications on HBL. The study protocol was approved by the local ethics committee (14-101-0070). Results: Mean time to diagnosis was 14 weeks. The extent of resection (EOR) was total in 20 and near total in 4 patients. Four patients required revision within 24 h because of relevant postoperative bleeding. One patient died within 14 days. One patient required permanent shunting. At discharge, 75% of patients [n = 18, modified Rankin scale (mRS) 0-1] showed no or at least resolved symptoms. Mean follow-up was 21 months. Two recurrences were detected during follow-up. Conclusions: In comparison to other benign entities of the posterior fossa, time to diagnosis was significantly shorter for HBL. This finding indicates the rather aggressive biological behavior of these excessively vascularized tumors. In our series, however, the rate of complete resection was high, and morbidity and mortality rates were within the reported range.Surgical Neurology International 09/2014; 5:138. DOI:10.4103/2152-7806.141469 · 1.18 Impact Factor