Natural History of Supratentorial Hemangioblastomas in von Hippel-Lindau Disease
ABSTRACT Supratentorial hemangioblastomas are rare lesions, occurring either sporadically or in von Hippel-Lindau disease.
Following recent advances in our understanding of the natural history of von Hippel-Lindau-associated cerebellar and spinal hemangioblastomas, we conducted a study of the natural history of supratentorial hemangioblastomas in von Hippel-Lindau disease.
We reviewed a series of 18 supratentorial hemangioblastomas in 13 patients with von Hippel-Lindau disease. Clinical, genetic, and serial imaging data and operative records were analyzed.
Hemangioblastomas were most commonly seen in the temporal lobe. Only 6 tumors had a cyst at diagnosis or during follow-up, and only 6 patients had associated symptoms at presentation or during follow-up. The most frequent clinical presentations were intracranial hypertension and visual loss. Of 14 tumors with documented serial imaging, 13 demonstrated tumor growth. Rates and patterns of tumor growth were unique to each patient. The mechanism of cyst formation described in other locations was also demonstrated in the supratentorial region. Patterns of peritumoral edema and rate of cyst formation seemed to be influenced by the presence of anatomic barriers. Germline VHL mutation was identified in all patients, but no specific genotype-phenotype correlation was found, although a familial predisposition is suggested.
This series illustrates the wide variation in tumor locations, patterns of growth, and edema progression seen in supratentorial hemangioblastomas and adds to our knowledge of the natural history of hemangioblastomas.
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ABSTRACT: Patients with von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL) often harbor significant disease burden within the CNS, specifically craniospinal-axis hemangioblastomas and endolymphatic sac tumors (ELSTs). The majority (60-80%) of patients with VHL harbor hemangioblastomas, and 10-15% will develop ELSTs. Advances in the understanding of the natural history and outcomes associated with the surgical management of VHL-associated tumors have led to improved management of patients with VHL. Optimizing indications for surgical intervention and refining of surgical techniques for these lesions can reduce patient morbidity associated with the management of this syndrome. In this article, we review the various aspects of perioperative management of patients with VHL, surgical indications and general operative principles for the management of hemangioblastomas and ELSTs, and outcomes associated with the surgical treatment of these tumors.Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics 10/2011; 11(10):1433-41. DOI:10.1586/ern.11.124 · 2.83 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Von Hippel-Lindau disease is an autosomal dominant disorder involving the development of specific tumours in multiple organs, both benign and malignant. In the CNS, the syndrome is characterized by haemangioblastomas of the retina, spinal cord and brain. We report the case of a 15-year-old boy with the diagnosis of aggressive GH-PRL pituitary macroadenoma and a family history of VHL disease. Pituitary resection was performed, although complete excision of the lesion could not be confirmed by the neurosurgeon. A control MRI was done 6 months after surgery and the pituitary lesion was similar to the presurgical image. A second operation allowed partial resection of the tumour followed by targeted radiotherapy. Pituitary adenomas are rare benign tumours in children with macroadenomas observed mainly in boys. These tumours in adolescents often occur in a familial setting or in the context of known genetic defects. Angiogenesis is an important feature of pituitary adenomas and a possible inhibitory role of pVHL in pituitary angiogenesis has been suggested. This GH-PRL pituitary macroadenoma with a VHL mutation might be of particular aggressiveness. Pituitary adenomas are not classically described in VHL syndrome and the medical community should be alerted to its rare occurrence in this location.Annales d Endocrinologie 02/2012; 73(1):37-42. DOI:10.1016/j.ando.2011.12.001 · 0.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Supratentorial hemangioblastoma is a rare form of hemangioblastoma; little information is available regarding prognosis, treatment, and clinical characteristics, because the available literature is primarily composed of case reports and small case series. Therefore, we performed a systematic review of the literature to analyze clinical characteristics, disease progression, and surgical outcomes with respect to survival for supratentorial hemangioblastomas. The rate of progression-free survival (PFS) was determined using Kaplan-Meier analysis. Differences in categorical factors, including location of tumor and diagnosis of von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease, were analyzed using the Pearson χ(2) test. A total of 106 articles met the search criteria, which combined for a total of 132 patients. Of the patients with supratentorial tumors, 60% had VHL disease, and 31 (84%) of 37 patients with tumors in the sellar/suprasellar region had associated VHL (χ(2), P < .001). Five-year PFS for gross-total resection and subtotal resection were 100% and 53%, respectively (Log rank, P < .01). On the basis of our analysis of the literature on published cases of supratentorial hemangioblastoma, gross-total resection appears to be superior to other treatment modalities in extending PFS. Von Hippel-Lindau disease is positively correlated with supratentorial hemangioblastoma when compared with non-supratentorial CNS hemangioblastomas, particularly when present in the sellar/suprasellar region.Neuro-Oncology 06/2012; 14(8):1097-104. DOI:10.1093/neuonc/nos133 · 5.29 Impact Factor