Bortezomib Plus Dexamethasone Induction Improves Outcome of Patients With t(4;14) Myeloma but Not Outcome of Patients With del(17p)
ABSTRACT Cytogenetics is an important prognostic parameter in multiple myeloma (MM). Patients presenting with either t(4;14) or del(17p) are known to have a short event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS). Some preliminary data suggest that bortezomib is able to overcome these prognostic parameters.
A series of 507 patients with newly diagnosed MM who received four cycles of bortezomib-dexamethasone induction therapy before high-dose melphalan were analyzed for both t(4;14) and del(17p).
We found that both t(4;14) and del(17p) remain prognostic parameters, even in the context of bortezomib treatment. However, it is important to note that bortezomib significantly improves the prognosis (in terms of both EFS and OS) of patients with t(4;14), compared with patients treated with vincristine, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone induction therapy. In contrast, no improvement was observed for del(17p) patients.
Short-term bortezomib induction improves outcome of patients with t(4;14) but not the outcome of patients with del(17p). However, both abnormalities remain prognostic factors predicting both EFS and OS despite bortezomib induction.
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ABSTRACT: Genetic abnormalities in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) are important risk factors in terms of prognosis. In the present study, the prognostic value of several common MM genetic abnormalities was investigated. Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (iFISH) was used to detect genetic abnormalities, including 1q21 gain, t(4;14), t(11;14), t(14;16) and 17p13 deletion in 131 patients. A total of 46.6% patients were detected with one or more abnormalities using iFISH analysis. The 1q21 gain, t(4;14), t(11;14), t(14;16) and 17p13 deletion abnormalities were detected in 42.5, 6.9, 17.5, 0.8 and 10.7% of patients, respectively. Patients with t(4;14) commonly exhibited lower levels of albumin and hemoglobin. The progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival times of iFISH-positive patients (particularly patients with two or more iFISH abnormalities) were significantly shorter than those of the patients without detectable abnormalities. The 1q21 gain and 17p13 deletion were also adverse prognostic factors for MM. Bortezomib-based therapies improved the PFS times in the patients with unfavorable iFISH abnormalities. These findings demonstrate that patients with two or more iFISH abnormalities, a gain of the 1q21 region or a 17p13 deletion were more likely to have a poor prognosis; however, bortezomib treatment improved the outcome for MM patients with unfavorable iFISH abnormalities.Oncology letters 02/2015; 9(2):930-936. DOI:10.3892/ol.2014.2750 · 0.99 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Carfilzomib is a selective, irreversible proteasome inhibitor, initially approved in the US in 2012 as single-agent therapy for relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma. Numerous Phase II studies have evaluated carfilzomib in the relapsed and refractory as well as the newly diagnosed setting, and Phase III studies are entering their final analysis. Data continue to grow to support its use as both single-agent therapy and in combination with immunomodulatory and other novel agents. This review discusses the role of carfilzomib in the treatment of multiple myeloma. Its mechanism of action, pharmacokinetics, and role in clinical management will be reviewed.Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine 01/2015; 8:23-33. DOI:10.2147/PGPM.S39085
Blood Cancer Journal 5:e285. DOI:10.1038/bcj.2015.6 · 2.88 Impact Factor