Sex and age differences in lipid response to chronic infection with the hepatitis C virus in the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys.
ABSTRACT Low levels of serum lipids were reported in subjects chronically infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) and correlated with poorer clinical outcomes. Whether HCV 'hypo-lipidemia' is constant across age, sex and race has not been systematically explored. We therefore investigated the association between HCV infection and serum lipid levels in two independent National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) cohorts. HCV antibody status and serum lipid levels were obtained from 14 369 adults from NHANES 1999-2006 and 12 261 from NHANES III (enrolled in 1988-1994). In multivariable models, the prevalence of HCV-associated hypo-low density lipoprotein-cholesterol was highest among women >50 years of age in both NHANES 1999-2006 (OR: 10.51, 95% CI: 2.86, 38.62) and III (OR: 24.21, 95% CI: 6.17, 94.92), but among women <50 years of age, the odds ratios were 3.01 (95% CI: 1.00, 9.04) for NHANES 1999-2006 and 0.52 (95% CI: 0.14, 1.88) for III, respectively. HCV by age interaction among women was significant in both cohorts (P < 0.001 and P = 0.004, respectively). Among men, the odds ratios of HCV-associated hypo-LDL-cholesterol were 2.74 (95% CI: 1.55, 4.85) in NHANES 1999-2006 and 3.84 (95% CI: 1.66, 8.88) in III, respectively, with no significant age effects. Similar patterns were observed for total-cholesterol, but no significantly discernable patterns for high density lipoprotein-cholesterol and triglycerides. Results show that HCV infection is associated with lower total- and LDL-cholesterol in two US population-based cohorts, and this relationship varies significantly by age and sex, suggesting a possible influence of sex hormones on host lipid response to HCV infection.
Article: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular risk factors in adults in southern China.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The metabolic syndrome has been shown to increase the incidence of cardiovascular disease. Little information exists on the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome for southern Chinese. We therefore investigate the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in a southern Chinese population with 85 million residents. The Guangdong Nutrition and Health Survey 2002 is a cross-sectional survey designed to assess the health and nutritional status of 85 million residents in Guangdong province located in southern China. Stratified multistage random sampling method was applied in this survey and a provincial representative sample of 6,468 residents aged 20 years or above was obtained in the present study. The participants received a full medical check-up including measurement of blood pressure, obesity indices, fasting lipids and glucose levels. Data describing socioeconomic and lifestyle factors was also collected through interview. Metabolic syndrome was defined in accordance with the International Diabetes Federation criteria. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 7.30%, translating into a total of 4.0 million residents aged 20 years or above having the condition in this southern Chinese population. The urban population had higher prevalence of the syndrome than the rural population (10.57% vs 4.30%). Females had a higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome than males (8.99% vs 5.27%). More than 60% of the adults had at least one component of the metabolic syndrome. Our results indicate that a large proportion of southern Chinese adults have the metabolic syndrome and associated risk factors. The metabolic syndrome has become an important public health problem in China. These findings emphasize the urgent need to develop population level strategies for the prevention, detection, and treatment of cardiovascular risk in China.BMC Public Health 01/2012; 12:64. · 2.00 Impact Factor