Long-term immunovirogical effect and tolerability of a maraviroc-containing regimen in routine clinical practice.

Biochemistry Department, Virgen del Rocío University Hospital, Biomedicine Institute of Seville, Spain.
Current HIV research (Impact Factor: 2.14). 09/2010; 8(6):482-6.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT to analyze the long-term immunovirological effect and tolerability of a maraviroc-containing antiretroviral therapy in viraemic and pretreated HIV-infected patients with a high prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfection.
forty-six R5 HIV-infected patients (48% HCV-coinfected) started a maraviroc-containing antiretroviral regimen, including patients with multidrug resistant virus and patients after first virologic failure. A retrospective study was performed, analysing percentage of patients with undetectable viral load, mean CD4+ gain, liver enzymes, clinical events and treatment modification up to week 48.
Raltegravir plus a boosted protease inhibitor was combined with maraviroc in 65.2% of the patients (mainly patients with multidrug resistant virus), while the coformulation lamivudine/abacavir was combined with maraviroc in 26.1% (all of them patients after first virologic failure). After 48 weeks on maraviroc-containing regimen, 96.3% of the patients had achieved undetectability and a mean CD4+ count increase of 151 cells/mm3 was observed. Liver enzymes did not increase along the follow up. One patient died after 24 weeks follow up due to heroin overdose. One patient developed a non-Hodgkin lymphoma after 36 weeks follow up, despite undetectable viral load and significant CD4+ increase was achieved (the only AIDS-defining event observed). Treatment modification was performed in 19.6% of the patients: 77.7% of them experienced a treatment simplification and only 1/46 suspended maraviroc.
maraviroc-containing regimen is long-term effective and well tolerated in HIV-infected patients in routine clinical practice and in different clinical scenarios.