Long-term immunovirogical effect and tolerability of a maraviroc-containing regimen in routine clinical practice.
ABSTRACT to analyze the long-term immunovirological effect and tolerability of a maraviroc-containing antiretroviral therapy in viraemic and pretreated HIV-infected patients with a high prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfection.
forty-six R5 HIV-infected patients (48% HCV-coinfected) started a maraviroc-containing antiretroviral regimen, including patients with multidrug resistant virus and patients after first virologic failure. A retrospective study was performed, analysing percentage of patients with undetectable viral load, mean CD4+ gain, liver enzymes, clinical events and treatment modification up to week 48.
Raltegravir plus a boosted protease inhibitor was combined with maraviroc in 65.2% of the patients (mainly patients with multidrug resistant virus), while the coformulation lamivudine/abacavir was combined with maraviroc in 26.1% (all of them patients after first virologic failure). After 48 weeks on maraviroc-containing regimen, 96.3% of the patients had achieved undetectability and a mean CD4+ count increase of 151 cells/mm3 was observed. Liver enzymes did not increase along the follow up. One patient died after 24 weeks follow up due to heroin overdose. One patient developed a non-Hodgkin lymphoma after 36 weeks follow up, despite undetectable viral load and significant CD4+ increase was achieved (the only AIDS-defining event observed). Treatment modification was performed in 19.6% of the patients: 77.7% of them experienced a treatment simplification and only 1/46 suspended maraviroc.
maraviroc-containing regimen is long-term effective and well tolerated in HIV-infected patients in routine clinical practice and in different clinical scenarios.
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ABSTRACT: We analyzed the evolution of viral tropism after 8 days of maraviroc monotherapy, i.e., we used the maraviroc clinical test (MCT), in 21 patients with and 14 without virological response to the drug (MCT(+) and MCT(-) patients, respectively). No increases in CXCR4 inferred viral loads (X4IVLs) were observed in MCT(+) patients, while X4IVLs increased only in MCT(-) patients, with X4IVLs of >2 log(10) HIV RNA copies/ml. These results shed light on the evolution of viral tropism under a CCR5 antagonist in vivo.Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 04/2012; 56(7):3981-3. DOI:10.1128/AAC.00507-12 · 4.45 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The maraviroc clinical test (MCT) is a clinical approach to establish the indication of maraviroc treatment. In this study, we analysed the long-term outcome of patients receiving a combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) selected according to MCT results. Ninety-two consecutive HIV-infected patients underwent MCT. A virological response (<40 HIV-RNA copies/ml after 24 weeks) was observed in 76/92 patients (82.6%). These patients (n=76) were included in a time to treatment failure analysis; after a mean follow-up period of 88 weeks, treatment failure was confirmed in 14 patients (18.4%). Tropism switch during MCT was observed in 3/35 patients (8.6%); these patients experienced excellent long-term outcome on cART. In conclusion, MCT should be considered as an additional method before CCR5-antagonists prescription.Antiviral research 06/2012; 95(3):207-11. DOI:10.1016/j.antiviral.2012.06.007 · 3.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Although the use of combination antiretroviral therapy has resulted in spectacular improvements in morbidity and mortality of HIV-1 infected patients, a need for the development of antiretroviral compounds with new mechanisms of action remains. Maraviroc (Celsentri(®); ViiV Healthcare, Middlesex, UK) is the only drug of the class of chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 5 antagonists registered for treatment for HIV-1-infected antiretroviral therapy-experienced patients. Registration was based on the MOTIVATE-1 and -2 studies, which compared the efficacy and tolerability of maraviroc in combination with optimized background therapy with placebo. The aim of this paper is to review the MOTIVATE studies and to discuss issues related to maraviroc therapy in clinical practice such as assessment of HIV-1 coreceptor tropism.Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy 10/2012; DOI:10.1586/eri.12.114 · 3.06 Impact Factor