Asymptomatic spontaneous coronary artery dissection.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.
Clinical Cardiology (Impact Factor: 2.23). 07/2010; 33(7):E40-2. DOI: 10.1002/clc.20540
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare cause of myocardial ischemia that could present as angina, acute myocardial infarction, or even sudden death. It occurs more commonly in women and it has been associated with autoimmune and collagen vascular diseases. The management and prognosis in these patients depend on the initial clinical presentation and the extent of dissection. In this article, we report 2 cases of asymptomatic SCAD that were diagnosed on routine preoperative evaluation. The management options and clinical implications are discussed.

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    ABSTRACT: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a relatively rare and unexplored type of coronary disease. Although atherosclerosis, hormonal changes during pregnancy and connective tissue disorders might represent a sufficiently convincing explanation for some patients with SCAD, the many remaining cases display only a weak relationship with these causes. While on one side the clinical heterogeneity of SCAD masks a full understanding of their underlying pathophysiologic process, on the other side paucity of data and misleading presentations hamper the quick diagnosis and optimal management of this condition. A definite diagnosis of SCAD can be significantly facilitated by endovascular imaging techniques. In fact, intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) overcome the limitations of coronary angiography providing detailed endovascular morphologic information. In contrast, optimal treatment strategies for SCAD still represent a burning controversial question. Herein, we review the published data examining possible causes and investigating the best therapy for SCAD in different clinical scenarios.
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    ABSTRACT: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is an unusual cause of acute coronary syndrome or sudden cardiac death. SCAD has most frequently been described as presenting as an acute coronary syndrome in females during the peripartum period. It may also be associated with autoimmune and collagen vascular diseases, Marfan's syndrome, chest trauma, and intense physical exercise. The most common presentation of SCAD is the acute onset of severe chest pain associated with autonomic symptoms. This condition has a high mortality rate if not identified and treated promptly. Here, we present a case of SCAD presenting with stroke, followed by a brief review.
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