Health-related quality of life is impaired in active collagenous colitis
ABSTRACT The characteristic clinical symptoms of collagenous colitis are non-bloody diarrhoea, urgency and abdominal pain. Treatment is aimed at reducing the symptom burden and the disease impact on patients' health-related quality of life. The objective of this study was to analyse health-related quality of life in patients with collagenous colitis.
In a cross-sectional, postal HRQL survey, 116 patients with collagenous colitis at four Swedish hospitals completed four health-related quality of life questionnaires, two disease-specific (Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire and Rating Form of IBD Patient Concerns), and two generic (Short Form 36, SF-36, and Psychological General Well-Being, PGWB), and a one-week symptom diary. Demographic and disease-related data were collected. Results for the collagenous colitis population were compared with a background population controlled for age and gender (n = 8931).
Compared with a Swedish background population, patients with collagenous colitis scored significantly worse in all Short Form 36 dimensions (p < 0.01), except physical function. Patients with active disease scored worse health-related quality of life than patients in remission. Co-existing disease had an impact on health-related quality of life measured with the generic measures. Lower education level and shorter disease duration were associated with decreased well-being.
Health-related quality of life was impaired in patients with collagenous colitis compared with a background population. Disease activity is the most important factor associated with impairment of health-related quality of life. Patients in remission have a health-related quality of life similar to a background population.
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ABSTRACT: Collagenous colitis and lymphocytic colitis, together constituting microscopic colitis, are common causes of chronic diarrhea. They are characterized clinically by chronic nonbloody diarrhea and a macroscopically normal colonic mucosa where characteristic histopathological findings are seen. Previously considered rare, they now have emerged as common disorders that need to be considered in the investigation of the patient with chronic diarrhea. The annual incidence of each disorder is five to ten per 100,000 inhabitants, with a peak incidence in 60- to 70-year-old individuals and a predominance of female patients in collagenous colitis. The etiology and pathophysiology are not well understood, and the current view suggests an uncontrolled mucosal immune reaction to various luminal agents in predisposed individuals. Clinical symptoms comprise chronic diarrhea, abdominal pain, fatigue, weight loss, and fecal incontinence that may impair the patient's health-related quality of life. An association is reported with other autoimmune disorders, such as celiac disease, thyroid disorders, diabetes mellitus, and arthritis. The best-documented treatment, both short-term and long-term, is budesonide, which induces clinical remission in up to 80% of patients after 8 weeks' treatment. However, after successful budesonide therapy is ended, recurrence of clinical symptoms is common, and the best possible long-term management deserves further study. The long-term prognosis is good, and the risk of complications, including colonic cancer, is low. We present an update of the epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management of microscopic colitis.Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology 08/2014; 7:273-84. DOI:10.2147/CEG.S63905
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ABSTRACT: Incidence rates of microscopic colitis are mainly based on regional data from a limited number of countries. To evaluate geographical differences and changes over time, more nationwide incidence rates are needed. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the incidence rate of microscopic colitis in the Netherlands in a nationwide cohort. A search was performed in the Dutch pathology registry, covering records of all approximately 16.5 million inhabitants. Incident cases were defined as a first diagnosis of microscopic colitis (collagenous or lymphocytic colitis) between 2000 and 2012. In total, 7228 incident cases were identified with a mean annual incidence rate of 3.4 per 100,000 person years. Collagenous colitis was present in 3741 cases and lymphocytic colitis in 2718 cases, with a mean annual incidence rate of 1.8 and 1.3 per 100,000 person years, respectively. Remaining 769 cases were described as undefined microscopic colitis. Collagenous and lymphocytic colitis incidence rates increased significantly over time (p<0.001) with a male:female ratio of 1:3 and 1:2, respectively. The Dutch mean annual incidence rates of collagenous and lymphocytic colitis were considerably lower than previously reported by other countries. However, incidence rates increased gradually over time, with a clear female predominance. Copyright © 2014 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.Digestive and Liver Disease 12/2014; 47(1). DOI:10.1016/j.dld.2014.09.019 · 2.89 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective. Microscopic colitis (MC) includes two main types: collagenous colitis (CC) and lymphocytic colitis (LC). Previous studies have indicated an increasing incidence, but these have mainly been based on regional databases. We found it important to study the epidemiology based on a comprehensive nationwide cohort. Material and methods. We studied the epidemiological data of MC in Denmark from 2002 to 2011. The cohort consisted of all patients with a recorded diagnosis of either CC or LC in the Danish Pathology Register during the study period. Data on all patients with a registered colon biopsy were also included. Results. A total of 7777 patients, 4749 (61%) with CC and 3028 (39%) with LC, were identified. Over the study period, the annual incidence of diagnosed cases of CC increased from 2.9/10(5) to 14.9/10(5) and of LC from 1.7/10(5) to 9.8/10(5). In 2011, the incidence of MC was 24.7/10(5) inhabitants. The age-specific incidence showed that the risk of both CC and LC increased with age. The female/male ratio, distribution of the type of colitis and mean age at diagnosis were relatively stable during the study period. The annual number of registered colon biopsies in the pathology register increased from 21.583 in 2002 to 39.733 in 2011, indicating an increased diagnostic activity. Conclusion. In a nationwide cohort study, the incidence of CC and LC continued to increase from 2002 to 2011. An increased diagnostic activity could in part explain the increase in the number of diagnosed cases.Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 02/2015; 50(4):1-6. DOI:10.3109/00365521.2014.940378 · 2.33 Impact Factor