Prevalence of obesity and its influencing factor among affluent school children of Davangere city
ABSTRACT Background: Childhood obesity is a fast emerging problem for which national representative data is scarce. Effective preventive of adult obesity will require prevention and management of childhood obesity. Objectives: To know the prevalence of obesity in two affluent school children of Davangere city studying between 5th and 10th standard and to identify the factors influencing childhood obesity. Methods: A cross sectional study followed by a case control study was conducted in two affluent schools of Davangere city - Sri. Siddaganga and Sri. Taralabalu residential school. A total of 1496, school children studying between 5th & 10th standard aged between 10 and 15 years were enrolled and data on family history of obesity, diet, snacking habits and physical activity was collected. Results: Out of 1496 children 86 were obese. Prevalence of obesity was 5.74 %. Prevalence of obesity was more in girls (8.82%) than boys ( 4.42%). Prevalence of obesity increased, with increase in age in both boys and Girls. Family history of obesity, snacking of high energy foods and lack of physical activity were the important influencing factors of obesity. Conclusion : Consumption of high fat and high energy (Junk foods) and snacking in between the meals should be avoided by children. Health education should be given to parents, teachers and children regarding dietary habit and sedentary life style.
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ABSTRACT: Introduction:The WHO refers obesity as a globalepidemic because of rapid increase in thenumber of overweight and obese individualsin last 20 years. The onset of obesity mayoccur at any age and it maybe triggered byfactors such as early weaning, inadequatefood intake, eating disorders and problemsrelated to disturbed family relationships.Objectives:1. Assessment of nutritional status ofschool children2. To analyze the relationshipbetween obesity with physicalactivity and sleeping hours.3. To analyze the relationshipbetween obesity and correlationbetween waist hip ratio and bodymass index.Materials and methods:We measured the weight, height, body massindex and mid arm circumference ofchildren. The children were classified asnormal, underweight, overweight or obese,according to body mass index per age. 54children were assessed at a school nearBhavnagar Medical CollegeResults:Out of 54 students, there were 32 girls and22 boys. Out of 32 girls 11 were normal, 3were overweight and 18 were under weightand out of 22 boys 6 were normal, 1overweight and 15 were under weight.Discussion:The prevalence of overweight and obesity inschool-aged children in our study counterthe results obtained from other studies.Present data was analyzed statistically andwe had tried to correlate it with sleepinghours, time spent in front of TV andcomputer as well as physical activity. Wehave also tried to find out the association ofparents occupation with their weight status.Conclusion:We observed an association betweenexcess weight and obesity and inactivity inchildren. The time spent in sleeping was apositive factor for maintaining a balancebetween weight and height. There was alsoan association between underweightchildren and working mothers.Key Words :Calicut Medical Journal. 01/2008;