Neonatal exposure to MK-801, an N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist, enhances methamphetamine-induced locomotion and disrupts sensorimotor gating in pre- and postpubertal rats.
ABSTRACT Administration of non-competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists (e.g. phencyclidine, MK-801) has been shown to elicit behavioral abnormalities related to symptoms of schizophrenia, such as spontaneous locomotor activity and impaired sensorimotor gating, as represented by deficits of prepulse inhibition (PPI). We sought to determine whether transient blockade of NMDA receptors at the neonatal stage would produce dopamine supersensitivity around puberty, as manifested by these behavioral measures. For this purpose, we examined methamphetamine (MAP; 1.0mg/kg, i.p.)-induced locomotor activity and PPI in pre- (postnatal day; PD 36-38) or post- (PD 64-66) puberty in rats administered MK-801 (0.2mg/kg/day, s.c.) between PD 7 and PD 10. Neonatal MK-801 treatment augmented MAP-induced hyperlocomotion especially in the early adulthood, whereas spontaneous locomotor activity and rearing were not changed. MK-801 administration also disrupted PPI without affecting startle amplitudes around puberty. These findings suggest that transient exposure to MK-801 in the neonatal stage causes exaggerated dopamine transmission and cognitive deficits, particularly in the post-puberty stage.
- European Neuropsychopharmacology 03/2011; 21. · 4.60 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Schizophrenia is considered as a "neurodegenerative" and "neurodevelopmental" disorder, the pathophysiology of which may include hypofunction of the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDA-R) or subsequent pathways. Accordingly, administration of NMDA-R antagonists to rodents during the perinatal period may emulate some core pathophysiological aspects of schizophrenia. The effect of 4-day (postnatal day; PD 7-10) administration of MK-801, a selective NMDA-R antagonist, on gene expression in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), hippocampus, and amygdala was evaluated using quantitative polymerase chain reaction methods. Specifically, we sought to determine whether genes related to Glu transmissions, for example those encoding for NMDA-Rs, metabotropic Glu receptors (mGluRs), or Glu transporters, were altered by neonatal treatment with MK-801. Model rats showed downregulation of the mGluR3 subtype in the mPFC around puberty, especially at PD 35 in response to MK-801 or during ontogenesis without pharmacological manipulations. Genes encoding for other mGluRs subtypes, that is NMDA-Rs and Glu transporters, were not affected by the neonatal insult. These results suggest that NMDA-R antagonism in the early course of development modulates the expression of mGluR3 in mPFC around puberty. Thus, mGluR3 may serve as a potential target to prevent the onset and progression of schizophrenia. Synapse, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.Synapse 02/2014; · 2.31 Impact Factor