Increased caveolin-1 expression associated with prolonged overall survival rate in hepatocellular carcinoma.

Department of Pathology, Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
Pathology (Impact Factor: 2.62). 01/2010; 42(5):438-45. DOI: 10.3109/00313025.2010.494293
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Recent study indicates that the binding of caveolin-1 (CAV1), the essential constituent of caveolae, to endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) prevents nitric oxide (NO) production in cirrhotic human liver. However, their interplay in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains undetermined.
Paraffin-embedded sections from 73 HCC patients were included in this study. The expression patterns of CAV1 and eNOS determined by immunohistochemistry were correlated with the clinicopathological characteristics and overall survival.
Although CAV1 expression did not correlate with any clinicopathological characteristic, increased CAV1 expression was associated with prolonged overall survival (p = 0.021), even when using the multivariate Cox's regression model (OR = 0.25, 95%CI = 0.08-0.72, p = 0.011). eNOS expression was correlated with an increased histological grade (p = 0.002) and intriguingly, the patients had a decreased overall survival when their lesions presented with high eNOS but low CAV1 expression concomitantly (p = 0.003). Meanwhile, the increased CAV1/eNOS merged level determined by immunofluorescence was significantly associated with a decreased histological grade and better overall survival (p = 0.023 and 0.001, respectively).
Our results suggest CAV1 may play a tumour-suppressive role and can serve as a predictive biomarker in HCC. The impacts of CAV1 on hepatocarcinogenesis may occur partly through its modulation of eNOS.

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    ABSTRACT: Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) has been recently identified to be over-expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and promote HCC cell motility and invasion ability via inducing epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). However, the mechanism of aberrant overexpression of Cav-1 remains vague. Here, we observed that Cav-1 expression was positively associated with GLI1 expression in HCC tissues. Forced expression of GLI1 up-regulated Cav-1 in Huh7 cells, while knockdown of GLI1 decreased expression of Cav-1 in SNU449 cells. Additionally, silencing Cav-1 abolished GLI1-induced EMT of Huh7 cells. The correlation between GLI1 and Cav-1 was confirmed in tumor specimens from HCC patients and Cav-1 was found to be associated with poor prognosis after hepatic resection. The relationship between protein expression of GLI1 and Cav-1 was also established in HCC xenografts of nude mice. These results suggest that GLI1 may be attributed to Cav-1 up-regulation which plays an important role in GLI1-driven EMT phenotype in HCC.
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    ABSTRACT: c-Met, the receptor for Hepatocyte Growth Factor (HGF), overexpressed and deregulated in Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC). Caveolin 1 (CAV1), a plasma membrane protein that modulates signal transduction molecules, is also overexpressed in HCC. The aim of this study was to investigate biological and clinical significance of co-expression and activation of c-Met and CAV1 in HCC. We showed that c-Met and CAV1 were co-localized in HCC cells and HGF treatment increased this association. HGF-triggered c-Met activation caused a concurrent rise in both phosphorylation and expression of CAV1. Ectopic expression of CAV1 accelerated c-Met signaling, resulted in enhanced migration, invasion, and branching-morphogenesis. Silencing of CAV1 downregulated c-Met signaling, and decreased migratory/invasive capability of cells and attenuated branching morphogenesis. In addition, activation and co-localization of c-Met and CAV1 were elevated during hepatocarcinogenesis. In conclusion reciprocal activating crosstalk between c-Met and CAV1 promoted oncogenic signaling of c-Met contributed to the initiation and progression of HCC.
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