Recombinant Factor IX for Clinical and Research Use
ABSTRACT The last significant advance in the therapy of hemophilia B was the introduction of recombinant factor IX (FIX), ensuring an advanced level of safety from potential infectious contaminants of plasma-derived clotting factors. Since that time, recombinant DNA techniques have been applied in research to elucidate the role of FIX and its functional domains within coagulation. At the same time, recombinant DNA technology has been applied to engineer an expanding spectrum of novel FIX therapies that are now being translating into clinical trials. The experience with the existing recombinant FIX product is reviewed with a focus on the novel products and the potential to improve the quality of life for individuals with hemophilia B.
- Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis 07/2010; 36(5):471-6. DOI:10.1055/s-0030-1255440 · 3.69 Impact Factor
Article: Proteases as therapeutics.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Proteases are an expanding class of drugs that hold great promise. The U.S. FDA (Food and Drug Administration) has approved 12 protease therapies, and a number of next generation or completely new proteases are in clinical development. Although they are a well-recognized class of targets for inhibitors, proteases themselves have not typically been considered as a drug class despite their application in the clinic over the last several decades; initially as plasma fractions and later as purified products. Although the predominant use of proteases has been in treating cardiovascular disease, they are also emerging as useful agents in the treatment of sepsis, digestive disorders, inflammation, cystic fibrosis, retinal disorders, psoriasis and other diseases. In the present review, we outline the history of proteases as therapeutics, provide an overview of their current clinical application, and describe several approaches to improve and expand their clinical application. Undoubtedly, our ability to harness proteolysis for disease treatment will increase with our understanding of protease biology and the molecular mechanisms responsible. New technologies for rationally engineering proteases, as well as improved delivery options, will expand greatly the potential applications of these enzymes. The recognition that proteases are, in fact, an established class of safe and efficacious drugs will stimulate investigation of additional therapeutic applications for these enzymes. Proteases therefore have a bright future as a distinct therapeutic class with diverse clinical applications.Biochemical Journal 04/2011; 435(1):1-16. DOI:10.1042/BJ20100965 · 4.78 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: An overview is given on the application of proteomic technology in the monitoring of different steps during the production of therapeutic proteins from human plasma. Recent advances in this technology enable the use of proteomics as an advantageous tool for the validation of already existing processes, the development and fine tuning of new production steps, the characterization and quality control of final products, the detection of both harmful impurities and modifications of the therapeutic protein and the auditing of batch-to-batch variations. Further, use of proteomics for preclinical testing of new products, which can be either recombinant or plasma-derived, is also discussed.Electrophoresis 05/2011; 32(10):1104-17. DOI:10.1002/elps.201000641 · 3.16 Impact Factor