External Qigong for Chronic Pain

Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA.
The American Journal of Chinese Medicine (Impact Factor: 2.76). 01/2010; 38(4):695-703. DOI: 10.1142/S0192415X10008160
Source: PubMed


External qigong as a pharmacotherapy adjunct was investigated in 50 subjects with chronic pain (pain lasting > 3 months with pain score of > or = 3 on 0-10 numeric analog scale) who presented to a qigong healing center. Participants were randomized to receive either external qigong treatment (EQT) or equivalent attention time (EAT) in weekly 30-min sessions for four consecutive weeks. Outcomes were assessed before and after sessions. The primary outcome measure was intensity of pain by a 10-cm visual analog scale used to rate all pain severity measurements. At 8-week follow-up, participants were contacted by telephone and mailed a questionnaire. Most had experienced pain for > 5 years (66%); the rest, for > 3 to 5 years (8%), 1 to 3 years (10%), or < 1 year but > 3 months (10%). The most frequent concomitant diagnoses were multifactorial (26%), osteoarthritis (18%), and low back pain (12%). Most patients were also receiving other treatments (74%); none previously had EQT. Participants were randomly assigned to EQT (n = 26) or EAT (n = 24). These groups had no significant differences at baseline except for prior awareness of qigong (EQT 31% vs. EAT 63%; p = 0.025). Compared to the EAT group, EQT participants had a significant decrease in pain intensity in the 2nd (p = 0.003), 3rd (p < 0.001), and 4th weeks of treatment (p = 0.003). At week 8, these differences in overall decreased pain intensity persisted but were not statistically significant.

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Available from: Ann Vincent, Apr 26, 2015
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    • "This was especially the case in the Chinese scientific community from the early 1980s to 1999 (when the Chinese government began interfering with Qigong and Qigong research) (Chen 2004). A similar interest has arisen in the United States during the last 15 years (Chen et al. 2002, 2008; Smelson et al. 2013; Vincent et al. 2010; Wu et al. 1999; Yan et al. 1999, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2013; Yount et al. 2004; Yount 2006). However, a careful examination of the published studies shows that few are studies of Qi per se; most are attempts to measure the effects or correlates of Qi or EQT. "

    Methodologies for Effective Assessing Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM): Research Tools and Techniques., Edited by Langweiler MJ, McCarthy PW, 03/2015: chapter 15: pages 228-248; Singing Dragon.
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    • "As outlined in previous report, exercise therapy had showed more effect on treating chronic cervical spondylosis than usual care such as analgesics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or muscle relaxants [15, 16]. Qigong as one traditional Chinese exercise showed significant effect on decreasing pain intensity of patients [17]. Pain intensity served as one item addressed in DNI score was proposed to be closely associated with the changes in DNI score [18]. "
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, we carried out a randomized controlled clinical trial to explore the effect of 12-words-for-life-nurturing exercise on patients presenting with cervical spondylosis. After exercise intervention, the mean VAS and NDI scores of the patients decreased significantly and the scores of BP, VT, and MH in SF-36 Health Questionnaire were significantly higher. Exercise therapy showed significant effect on relieving pain and improving vitality and mental health. The 12-words-for-life-nurturing exercise may be a potential effective therapy for patients with cervical spondylosis.
    Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 03/2014; 2014(4):961418. DOI:10.1155/2014/961418 · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    • "Long term practice of qigong exercise may help to prevent illness or heal the body from diseases. Although the underlying mechanism for its health benefits is not yet well understood, there are increased reports of its effects on health (Ng and Tsang, 2009; Vincent et al., 2010; Wright et al., 2011). Basically, there are two categories of qigong: internal qigong and external qigong. "
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this review was to summarize and critically evaluate the clinical evidence of the effect of qigong exercise on immunity and its efficacy in the prevention or treatment of infectious diseases. Thirteen databases were searched from their respective inceptions through January 2011, and all controlled clinical trials of qigong exercise on immunity and infections were included. Quality and validity of the included studies were evaluated using standard scales. Seven studies including two randomized controlled trials (RCTs), two controlled clinical trials (CCTs) and three retrospective observational studies (ROSs) met the inclusion criteria. One study focused on functional measures of immunity (antigen-induced immunity) and six studies on enumerative parameters of immunity. No study on clinical symptoms relevant to infectious diseases could be identified. Overall, the included studies suggested favorable effects of qigong exercise on immunity, but the quality of research for most of the studies examined in this review was poor. Further rigorously designed studies are required, which should adhere to accepted standards of methodology for clinical trials.
    The American Journal of Chinese Medicine 12/2012; 40(6):1143-56. DOI:10.1142/S0192415X1250084X · 2.76 Impact Factor
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