Article

Antifungal therapy in a murine model of disseminated infection by Cryptococcus gattii.

Unitat de Microbiologia, Facultat de Medicina, Universitat Rovira i Virgili. Carrer Sant Llorenç, 21.43201 Reus, Spain.
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (Impact Factor: 4.45). 10/2010; 54(10):4074-7. DOI: 10.1128/AAC.00172-10
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We have evaluated the efficacy of posaconazole (PSC), voriconazole (VRC), and amphotericin B (AMB) in a murine model of systemic infection by Cryptococcus gattii using immunocompromised animals and three clinical strains of the fungus. AMB was the most effective drug in prolonging the survival of mice and also in reducing tissue burden in all organs tested. To a lesser degree, VRC at 60 mg/kg of body weight in lung tissue and PSC at 40 mg/kg also in spleen demonstrated good efficacy in reducing the fungal load. The PSC and VRC levels in serum and brain tissue, determined by an agar diffusion bioassay method at 4 h after the last dose of the therapy, were above the corresponding MIC values. However, these drugs were not able to reduce the fungal load in brain tissue. Our results demonstrated that PSC and, to a lesser degree, VRC, have fungistatic activity and potential for the treatment of human pulmonary cryptococcosis.

0 Followers
 · 
104 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We developed a murine model of systemic sporotrichosis by using three strains of each of the two commonest species causing sporotrichosis, i.e., Sporothrix schenckii sensu stricto and Sporothrix brasiliensis, in order to evaluate the efficacy of posaconazole (PSC). The drug was administered at a dose of 2.5 or 5 mg/kg of body weight twice a day by gavage, and one group was treated with amphotericin B (AMB) as a control treatment. Posaconazole, especially at 5 mg/kg, showed good efficacy against all the strains tested, regardless of their MICs, as measured by prolonged survival, tissue burden reduction, and histopathology.
    Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 02/2012; 56(5):2273-7. DOI:10.1128/AAC.05376-11 · 4.45 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cerebral Aspergillosis is the most lethal manifestation of infection due to Aspergillus species arising most commonly as hematogenous dissemination from a pulmonary focus, direct extension from paranasal sinus infection or direct inoculation through trauma and surgery of the central nervous system (CNS). Voriconazole is currently considered the standard of treatment of CNS aspergillosis with liposomal amphotericin B being the next best alternative. Neurosurgical resection of infected cerebral tissue in addition to antifungal therapy is frequently performed in patients with CNS aspergillosis to prevent neurological deficits and improve outcome. Aspergillus endophthalmitis may occur endogenously mostly from a pulmonary focus or exogenously following eye surgery or trauma. Although amphotericin B is still described as the primary therapy, voriconazole is increasingly considered the first line treatment of Aspergillus endophthalmitis. Vitrectomy is recommended in most cases of Aspergillus endophthalmitis.
    Current pharmaceutical design 12/2012; DOI:10.2174/13816128113199990342 · 3.29 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The efficacy of voriconazole (VRC) was evaluated against two strains of each of the two most common species causing sporotrichosis, Sporothrix schenckii sensu stricto and Sporothrix brasiliensis, using a murine model of disseminated infection. Voriconazole was administered at doses of 20 or 40 mg kg(-1) per day by gavage. The drug showed some efficacy, especially at 40 mg kg(-1) per day, in prolonging the survival and reducing fungal load in spleen and liver in mice infected with S. schenckii, whereas in animals infected with S. brasiliensis the drug did not work.
    Mycoses 07/2013; 57(2). DOI:10.1111/myc.12112 · 1.81 Impact Factor
Show more

Preview

Download
1 Download
Available from