Antifungal therapy in a murine model of disseminated infection by Cryptococcus gattii.

Unitat de Microbiologia, Facultat de Medicina, Universitat Rovira i Virgili. Carrer Sant Llorenç, 21.43201 Reus, Spain.
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (Impact Factor: 4.57). 10/2010; 54(10):4074-7. DOI: 10.1128/AAC.00172-10
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We have evaluated the efficacy of posaconazole (PSC), voriconazole (VRC), and amphotericin B (AMB) in a murine model of systemic infection by Cryptococcus gattii using immunocompromised animals and three clinical strains of the fungus. AMB was the most effective drug in prolonging the survival of mice and also in reducing tissue burden in all organs tested. To a lesser degree, VRC at 60 mg/kg of body weight in lung tissue and PSC at 40 mg/kg also in spleen demonstrated good efficacy in reducing the fungal load. The PSC and VRC levels in serum and brain tissue, determined by an agar diffusion bioassay method at 4 h after the last dose of the therapy, were above the corresponding MIC values. However, these drugs were not able to reduce the fungal load in brain tissue. Our results demonstrated that PSC and, to a lesser degree, VRC, have fungistatic activity and potential for the treatment of human pulmonary cryptococcosis.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cerebral Aspergillosis is the most lethal manifestation of infection due to Aspergillus species arising most commonly as hematogenous dissemination from a pulmonary focus, direct extension from paranasal sinus infection or direct inoculation through trauma and surgery of the central nervous system (CNS). Voriconazole is currently considered the standard of treatment of CNS aspergillosis with liposomal amphotericin B being the next best alternative. Neurosurgical resection of infected cerebral tissue in addition to antifungal therapy is frequently performed in patients with CNS aspergillosis to prevent neurological deficits and improve outcome. Aspergillus endophthalmitis may occur endogenously mostly from a pulmonary focus or exogenously following eye surgery or trauma. Although amphotericin B is still described as the primary therapy, voriconazole is increasingly considered the first line treatment of Aspergillus endophthalmitis. Vitrectomy is recommended in most cases of Aspergillus endophthalmitis.
    Current pharmaceutical design 12/2012; · 4.41 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The efficacy of voriconazole (VRC) was evaluated against two strains of each of the two most common species causing sporotrichosis, Sporothrix schenckii sensu stricto and Sporothrix brasiliensis, using a murine model of disseminated infection. Voriconazole was administered at doses of 20 or 40 mg kg(-1) per day by gavage. The drug showed some efficacy, especially at 40 mg kg(-1) per day, in prolonging the survival and reducing fungal load in spleen and liver in mice infected with S. schenckii, whereas in animals infected with S. brasiliensis the drug did not work.
    Mycoses 07/2013; · 1.81 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: SUMMARY Understanding the tissue penetration of systemically administered antifungal agents is critical for a proper appreciation of their antifungal efficacy in animals and humans. Both the time course of an antifungal drug and its absolute concentrations within tissues may differ significantly from those observed in the bloodstream. In addition, tissue concentrations must also be interpreted within the context of the pathogenesis of the various invasive fungal infections, which differ significantly. There are major technical obstacles to the estimation of concentrations of antifungal agents in various tissue subcompartments, yet these agents, even those within the same class, may exhibit markedly different tissue distributions. This review explores these issues and provides a summary of tissue concentrations of 11 currently licensed systemic antifungal agents. It also explores the therapeutic implications of their distribution at various sites of infection.
    Clinical microbiology reviews 01/2014; 27(1):68-88. · 16.00 Impact Factor


1 Download
Available from