Expression of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-B and PDGF-receptor β is associated with lymphatic metastasis in human gastric carcinoma.
ABSTRACT Recent study of murine fibrosarcoma has revealed that platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) plays a direct role in promoting lymphangiogenesis and metastatic spread to lymph nodes. Thus, we investigated the relation between PDGF and PDGF receptor (PDGF-R) expression and lymphatic metastasis in human gastric carcinoma. We examined PDGF-B and PDGF-Rβ expression in four human gastric carcinoma cell lines (TMK-1, MKN-1, MKN-45, and KKLS) and in 38 surgical specimens of gastric carcinoma. PDGF-B and PDGF-Rβ expression was examined by immunofluorescence in surgical specimens and in human gastric carcinoma cells (TMK-1) implanted orthotopically in nude mice. Groups of mice (n = 10, each) received saline (control) or PDGF-R tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib. PDGF-B and PDGF-Rβ mRNA expression was significantly higher in patients with lymph node metastasis than in those without and was also significantly higher in diffuse-type carcinoma than in intestinal-type carcinoma. In surgical specimens, tumor cells expressed PDGF-B, but PDGF-Rβ was expressed predominantly by stromal cells. Under culture conditions, expression of PDGF-B mRNA was found in all of the gastric cell lines, albeit at different levels. In orthotopic TMK-1 tumors, cancer cells expressed PDGF-B but not PDGF-Rβ. PDGF-Rβ was expressed by stromal cells, including lymphatic endothelial cells. Four weeks of treatment with imatinib significantly decreased the area of lymphatic vessels. Our data indicate that secretion of PDGF-B by gastric carcinoma cells and expression of PDGF-Rβ by tumor-associated stromal cells are associated with lymphatic metastasis. Blockade of PDGF-R signaling pathways may inhibit lymph node metastasis of gastric carcinoma.
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: PDGF receptors have recently been found to be expressed in microvascular endothelium in vivo under circumstances of endothelial cell activation and angiogenesis suggesting that PDGF may have a direct effect on endothelial cells. We have tested the angiogenic activity of PDGF-AA and -BB homodimers in the chick chorioallantoic membrane in vivo. PDGF-BB was found to consistently induce an angiogenic response whereas PDGF-AA was less active. Morphological analyses revealed that there was little inflammation associated with this response but an increase in vessel density suggested a direct effect of PDGF on embryonic chorioallantoic endothelial cells. In vitro, PDGF-BB was found to be more potent than PDGF-AA in stimulating the chemotaxis of rat brain capillary endothelial cells. This is consistent with a direct effect of PDGF on endothelial cells. Thus, this novel angiogenic activity of PDGF has implications for several developmental and pathological events in which PDGF, particularly the B-chain, is expressed.Growth Factors 02/1992; 7(4):261-6. · 2.20 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Solid malignancies often exhibit high interstitial fluid pressure (IFP), which causes poor uptake of anticancer drugs. While there are several mechanisms that regulate IFP in tumors, activation of platelet-derived growth factor receptor, which is expressed in various cell types within the tumor microenvironment, has been observed to play an important role in elevating IFP. In preclinical studies, treatment with imatinib, which inhibits both alpha- and beta-platelet-derived growth factor receptors, as well as KIT, ABL, ARG, and BCR-ABL tyrosine kinases, has been shown to decrease tumor IFP and concomitantly augment uptake of chemotherapeutic drugs, thereby enhancing the efficacy of chemotherapy. This review discusses preclinical studies showing the ability of imatinib to lower IFP and increase drug uptake within solid tumors, as well as the scientific rationale for clinical use of imatinib as combination therapy for chemotherapy.Seminars in Oncology 05/2004; 31(2 Suppl 6):18-23. · 4.33 Impact Factor
- Cancer Cell 06/2003; 3(5):439-43. · 24.76 Impact Factor