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Expression of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-B and PDGF-receptor beta is associated with lymphatic metastasis in gastric carcinoma

Department of Medicine and Molecular Science, Hiroshima University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima, Japan.
Cancer Science (Impact Factor: 3.53). 09/2010; 101(9):1984-9. DOI: 10.1111/j.1349-7006.2010.01639.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Recent study of murine fibrosarcoma has revealed that platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) plays a direct role in promoting lymphangiogenesis and metastatic spread to lymph nodes. Thus, we investigated the relation between PDGF and PDGF receptor (PDGF-R) expression and lymphatic metastasis in human gastric carcinoma. We examined PDGF-B and PDGF-Rβ expression in four human gastric carcinoma cell lines (TMK-1, MKN-1, MKN-45, and KKLS) and in 38 surgical specimens of gastric carcinoma. PDGF-B and PDGF-Rβ expression was examined by immunofluorescence in surgical specimens and in human gastric carcinoma cells (TMK-1) implanted orthotopically in nude mice. Groups of mice (n = 10, each) received saline (control) or PDGF-R tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib. PDGF-B and PDGF-Rβ mRNA expression was significantly higher in patients with lymph node metastasis than in those without and was also significantly higher in diffuse-type carcinoma than in intestinal-type carcinoma. In surgical specimens, tumor cells expressed PDGF-B, but PDGF-Rβ was expressed predominantly by stromal cells. Under culture conditions, expression of PDGF-B mRNA was found in all of the gastric cell lines, albeit at different levels. In orthotopic TMK-1 tumors, cancer cells expressed PDGF-B but not PDGF-Rβ. PDGF-Rβ was expressed by stromal cells, including lymphatic endothelial cells. Four weeks of treatment with imatinib significantly decreased the area of lymphatic vessels. Our data indicate that secretion of PDGF-B by gastric carcinoma cells and expression of PDGF-Rβ by tumor-associated stromal cells are associated with lymphatic metastasis. Blockade of PDGF-R signaling pathways may inhibit lymph node metastasis of gastric carcinoma.

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