Journal of Innovative Trends in Pharmaceutical Sciences 01/2010;
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT Hemorrhoids are one of the most common causes of anal pathology. Subsequently, hemorrhoids are blamed for virtually any anorectal complaint by patients and medical professionals. Confusion often arises because the term "hemorrhoid" has been used to refer toboth normal anatomical structures and pathological structures. This article is concerned with the use of herbs in the treatment of hemorrhoidal venous cushions. Hemorrhoidal venous cushions are normal structures of the anorectum and are universally present unless a priorintervention has taken place. Because of their rich vascular supply, highly sensitive location,and tendency to engorge and prolapse, they are common causes of anal pathology Symptoms can range from mildly bothersome, such as pruritus, to quite concerning, such as rectalbleeding, and while it is a common condition diagnosed in clinical practice, many patients are too embarrassed to ever seek treatment. Consequently, the true prevalence of pathologic hemorrhoids is not known. The home treatment of hemorrhoids and the herbal treatment ofhemorrhoids are the alternative of the present surgical methods and its contraindications are discussed.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The introduction of stapled hemorrhoidectomy may replace local techniques such as rubber band ligation as a first-line treatment for Grade III and small Grade IV piles. We conducted a randomized trial to determine the role of rubber band ligation in the era of stapled hemorrhoidectomy. Fifty-five patients with Grade III or small Grade IV hemorrhoids were randomly allocated to either rubber band ligation or stapled hemorrhoidectomy. Patient demographics and procedure-related details were recorded. Follow-up was at two weeks and two and six months to assess complications, symptom relief, incontinence scores, quality of life, and patient satisfaction. Twenty-five patients were randomly assigned to rubber band ligation and 30 to stapled hemorrhoidectomy. The groups were equally matched for age, gender, grade of piles, continence scores, and quality of life. Stapled hemorrhoidectomy was associated with increased pain and analgesia usage at both 2-week and 2-month follow-up (P < 0.001). Rubber band ligation and stapled hemorrhoidectomy were equally effective in controlling symptomatic prolapse, but rubber band ligation was associated with an increased incidence of recurrent bleeding (P = 0.002). There were 6 procedure-related complications in the stapled hemorrhoidectomy group compared with none in the rubber band ligation group (P = 0.027). There was no difference between the two groups in terms of continence scores, patient satisfaction, or quality of life. Stapled hemorrhoidectomy is associated with more pain and minor morbidity than rubber band ligation in the treatment of Grade III and small Grade IV piles. However, for those patients who do not want the risk of further intervention procedures, stapled hemorrhoidectomy offers the better chance of a symptomatic cure.
    Diseases of the Colon & Rectum 03/2003; 46(3):291-7; discussion 296-7. DOI:10.1097/01.DCR.0000049484.40711.12 · 3.20 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Anorectal varices are portal-systemic collaterals commonly found in patients with portal hypertension. Although these varices rarely bleed, when bleeding does occur it may be massive and life threatening. Anorectal varices may be mistaken for hemorrhoids and there is no agreed upon method for their definitive diagnosis. Additionally, there is no standard therapy for bleeding anorectal varices, and when techniques designed for the control of hemorrhoidal bleeding are employed the results can be disastrous. We report here the first use of a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) for the permanent control of bleeding anorectal varices. Magnetic resonance imaging/magnetic resonance venography (MRI/V) was used as a non-invasive method for the identification of anorectal varices and to confirm the successful decompression of these varices with TIPS placement. MRI/V and TIPS may provide significant advances in the diagnosis and treatment of rectal variceal bleeding.
    The American Journal of Gastroenterology 08/1993; 88(7):1104-7. · 9.21 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Treating hemorrhoids by stapled hemorrhoidopexy has become increasingly common, because the procedure results in less pain and allows the patient to return to work earlier than with open hemorrhoidectomy. However, the durability of stapled hemorrhoidopexy has not been evaluated. This study was designed to assess initial results, analyze complications and failures, and document both the need for repeated procedures and the outcomes of follow-up to five years. From 1998 to 2004, 258 patients underwent modified stapled hemorrhoidopexy. The appearance of the anus was scored preoperatively, immediately after the procedure, at three months, and at one to five years postoperatively. The anatomy score ranged from 1 (normal anus) to 7 (worst prolapse). We also evaluated operation time, analgesia, staple line position, postoperative pain score, technical failures, postoperative complications, need for repeated procedures, and patient satisfaction. Statistical analyses were used to identify correlations and differences, and the variables were analyzed in relation to the final outcome. The patients were observed for a median of 34 (range, 18-78) months. The median postoperative pain score was 4 (Visual Analog Scale 1-10) on the day of stapled hemorrhoidopexy; additional external procedures resulted in significantly higher pain (P<0.05). Stapled hemorrhoidopexy was repeated in 31 patients (12 percent), and 38 patients (14.7 percent) had subsequent excisions. Technical failures occurred in 18 of 258 patients (7 percent). The median anatomy score decreased from 6 (range, 3-7) preoperatively to 1 (range, 1-6) at last follow-up, irrespective of one or a repeated stapled hemorrhoidopexy, surgical excision, or technical failure. The risk of reintervention was greatest during the first year after a stapled hemorrhoidopexy. Overall, patient satisfaction was high and correlated significantly with the anatomy score (r=0.46, P<0.05). The pain after stapled hemorrhoidopexy was low, recovery was rapid, complications were few, and patient satisfaction was high. A recurrent (or persistent) prolapse was alleviated by a repeated stapled hemorrhoidopexy for cure. However, there was a high risk of reintervention after a stapled hemorrhoidopexy, and this should be further evaluated.
    Diseases of the Colon & Rectum 04/2008; 51(3):334-41. DOI:10.1007/s10350-007-9102-6 · 3.20 Impact Factor


Available from