Telomere-independent Rap1 is an IKK adaptor and regulates NF-κB-dependent gene expression
ABSTRACT We describe a genome-wide gain-of-function screen for regulators of NF-kappaB, and identify Rap1 (Trf2IP), as an essential modulator of NF-kappaB-mediated pathways. NF-kappaB is induced by ectopic expression of Rap1, whereas its activity is inhibited by Rap1 depletion. In addition to localizing on telomeres, mammalian Rap1 forms a complex with IKKs (IkappaB kinases), and is crucial for the ability of IKKs to be recruited to, and phosphorylate, the p65 subunit of NF-kappaB to make it transcriptionally competent. Rap1-mutant mice display defective NF-kappaB activation and are resistant to endotoxic shock. Furthermore, levels of Rap1 are positively regulated by NF-kappaB, and human breast cancers with NF-kappaB hyperactivity show elevated levels of cytoplasmic Rap1. Similar to inhibiting NF-kappaB, knockdown of Rap1 sensitizes breast cancer cells to apoptosis. These results identify the first cytoplasmic role of Rap1 and provide a mechanism through which it regulates an important signalling cascade in mammals, independent of its ability to regulate telomere function.
- SourceAvailable from: Juana M Flores
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- "By generating a whole-body Rap1-deficient mouse model, we show here that the mammalian telomere-binding protein RAP1 is dispensable for mouse development and adult viability, in contrast to that previously reported by Teo et al. (2010) and in agreement with Sfeir et al. (2010). In agreement with our previous findings that RAP1 binds throughout chromosome arms (Martinez et al., 2010), we find a role for RAP1 in the transcriptional regulation of pathways involved in postnatal cellular energy metabolism. "
ABSTRACT: RAP1 is part of shelterin, the protective complex at telomeres. RAP1 also binds along chromosome arms, where it is proposed to regulate gene expression. To investigate the nontelomeric roles of RAP1 in vivo, we generated a RAP1 whole-body knockout mouse. These mice show early onset of obesity, which is more severe in females than in males. Rap1-deficient mice show accumulation of abdominal fat, hepatic steatosis, and high-fasting plasma levels of insulin, glucose, cholesterol, and alanine aminotransferase. Gene expression analyses of liver and visceral white fat from Rap1-deficient mice before the onset of obesity show deregulation of metabolic programs, including fatty acid, glucose metabolism, and PPARα signaling. We identify Pparα and Pgc1α as key factors affected by Rap1 deletion in the liver. We show that RAP1 binds to Pparα and Pgc1α loci and modulates their transcription. These findings reveal a role for a telomere-binding protein in the regulation of metabolism.Cell Reports 06/2013; 3(6). DOI:10.1016/j.celrep.2013.05.030 · 8.36 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A major issue in telomere research is to understand how the integrity of chromosome ends is controlled. Although several nucleoprotein complexes have been described at the telomeres of different organisms, it is still unclear how they confer a structural identity to chromosome ends in order to mask them from DNA repair and to ensure their proper replication. In this review, we describe how telomeric nucleoprotein complexes are structured, comparing different organisms and trying to link these structures to telomere biology. It emerges that telomeres are formed by a complex and specific network of interactions between DNA, RNA and proteins. The fact that these interactions and associated activities are reinforcing each other might help to guaranty the robustness of telomeric functions across the cell cycle and in the event of cellular perturbations. We propose that telomeric nucleoprotein complexes orient cell fate through dynamic transitions in their structures and their organization.FEBS letters 09/2010; 584(17):3785-99. DOI:10.1016/j.febslet.2010.08.004 · 3.34 Impact Factor
- Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.) 10/2010; 19:3834-3835. · 5.01 Impact Factor