Effect of organic carbon and mineral surface on the pyrene sorption and distribution in Yangtze River sediments
ABSTRACT The effect of organic carbon (OC) and mineral surface on the sorption of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) pyrene molecule to four Yangtze River sediments was investigated by sorption batch techniques using fluorescence spectroscopy. Pyrene sorption to the mineral fraction was estimated with model sorbent illite, the main clay mineral in Yangtze sediment. The Freundlich model fitted sorption to illite and to sediments was normalized to the specific surface area (SSA). Comparison of the SSA-normalized sorption capacities of illite and sediments suggests a negligible contribution of the pyrene sorption to the mineral fraction. In addition, composite models, such as the linear Langmuir model (LLM) and the linear Polanyi-Dubinin-Manes model (LPDMM) were applied for fitting the sorption of pyrene to the pristine sediments. The application of composite models allows assessing the partition of pyrene into amorphous organic carbon (AOC) and the adsorption in the porous structure of black carbon (BC). The modelling results indicate that the pyrene adsorption to the minor BC components (<0.2%) is more effective than the partition to AOC (0.5-1.3%). Besides the pristine sediments, sediments preheated at 375 degrees C were also studied, in which the AOC fraction was removed during the preheating treatment. The modelling results with LPDMM and Polanyi-Dubinin-Manes model (PDMM) indicate a similar adsorption capacity of BC in pristine and preheated sediments, respectively. The low AOC concentrations in sediments do not diminish the BC micropore filling with pyrene. Simulation of pyrene distribution in the investigated Yangtze River sediments support the importance of the BC fraction in the PAH immobilization under environmental conditions.
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- "Therefore we can predict that PAHs were more strongly sorbed onto TB and SER soils. Concerning the role of minerals on PAH sorption, Zhang et al. (2010) demonstrated that their contribution to the overall sorption of PYR was negligible compared to organic compound contents and forms in the soil. But their soils were composed of clays that mostly contained illites, which are probably not the most retentive clays for PAHs. "
ABSTRACT: The natural biodegradation of 7 PAHs by native microorganisms was studied in five soils from Normandy (France) from diffusely polluted areas, which can also pose a problem in terms of surfaces and amounts of contaminated soils. Bioavailability tests using cyclodextrin-based extractions were performed. The natural degradation of low molecular weight (LMW) PAHs was not strongly correlated to their bioavailability due to their sorption to geosorbents. Conversely, the very low degradation of high molecular weight (HMW) PAHs was partly correlated to their poor availability, due to their sorption on complexes of organic matter and kaolinites or smectites. A principal component analysis allowed us to distinguish between the respective degradation behaviors of LMW and HMW PAHs. LMW PAHs were degraded in less than 2-3 months and were strongly influenced by the relative percentage of phenanthrene-degrading bacteria over total bacteria in soils. HMW PAHs were not significantly degraded because they were less bioavailable but also because of a lack of degrading microorganisms. Benzo[a]pyrene stood apart since it was partly degraded in acidic soils, probably because of a catabolic cooperation between bacteria and fungi.Environmental Science and Pollution Research 04/2014; DOI:10.1007/s11356-014-2799-6 · 2.76 Impact Factor
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- "The socalled " Biovirtous " , a virtual passive sampling fish, will be installed at different places in the reservoir, thus obtaining information on the contamination of the reservoir with non-polar persistent pollutants such as pesticides in fish, other lipophilic biota and sediments (Wang et al. 2009). & Research Center Jülich with IBG-3 Agrosphere and the Central Division of Analytical Chemistry (ZCH) addresses the physico-chemical processes of pollutant evaluation at the sediment/water interface (Zhang et al. 2010) and the modelling of their chemical degradation (Hoffmann et al. 2011). "
ABSTRACT: Water of good quality is one of the basic needs of human life. Worldwide, great efforts are being undertaken for an assured water supply. In this respect, one of the largest water technology projects worldwide is the Yangtze Three Gorges Dam in China. There is a need for extensive scientific and technical understanding of the challenges arising from this large hydrological engineering project. German and Chinese groups from various scientific fields are collaborating to provide knowledge for the sustainable management of the reservoir. In this project description, the Yangtze Three Gorges Dam Project, its goals and challenges, are described in brief, and the contributions of the German research projects are presented.Environmental Science and Pollution Research 10/2011; 19(4):1341-4. DOI:10.1007/s11356-011-0645-7 · 2.76 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Sorption of pyrene and phenanthrene to model (illite and charcoal) and natural (Yangtze sediment) geosorbents were investigated by batch techniques using fluorescence spectroscopy. A higher adsorption of phenanthrene was observed with all sorbents, which is related to the better accessibility of smaller molecules to micropores in the molecular sieve sorbents. In addition, pyrene sorption in binary-solute systems with a constant initial concentration of phenanthrene (0.1 μmol L(-1) or 2 μmol L(-1)) was studied. A 0.1 μmol L(-1) concentration of phenanthrene causes no competitive effect on the pyrene sorption. A 2 μmol L(-1) concentration of phenanthrene significantly suppresses the sorption of pyrene, especially in the low concentration range; nonlinearity of the pyrene sorption isotherms thus decreases. The competitive effect of 2 μmol L(-1) phenanthrene on the pyrene sorption is overestimated by the ideal adsorbed solution theory (IAST) using the fitted single sorption results of both solutes. An adjustment of the IAST application by taking into account the molecular sieve effect is proposed, which notably improves the IAST prediction for the competitive effect.Environmental Science & Technology 10/2010; 44(21):8102-7. DOI:10.1021/es1010847 · 5.48 Impact Factor