Article

Association between serum triglyceride and canine pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity concentrations in miniature schnauzers.

Gastrointestinal Laboratory, Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA.
Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association (Impact Factor: 0.78). 07/2010; 46(4):229-34. DOI: 10.5326/0460229
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to investigate possible associations between serum triglyceride and canine pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity (cPLI) concentrations in miniature schnauzers. One hundred and ninety-five miniature schnauzers were enrolled and divided into two groups based on whether they had normal (group 1) or increased (group 2) serum triglyceride concentrations. Serum cPLI concentrations were measured and compared between groups. A significant positive correlation was seen between serum triglyceride and cPLI concentrations (Spearman r=0.321; P<0.0001). Miniature schnauzers with hypertriglyceridemia had a significantly higher median serum cPLI concentration (99.5 microg/L) than miniature schnauzers with normal serum triglyceride concentrations (median cPLI concentration 39.3 microg/L; P=0.0001). A cutoff value of 862 mg/dL was selected for serum triglyceride concentrations based on receiver operator characteristic analysis. Miniature schnauzers with severe hypertriglyceridemia (> or =862 mg/dL) were 4.5 times more likely to have a serum cPLI concentration consistent with pancreatitis (> or =200 microg/L) than miniature schnauzers with a normal serum triglyceride concentration. The present study supports an association between hypertriglyceridemia (especially when severe [> or =862 mg/dL]) and high cPLI concentrations in miniature schnauzers.

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    • " b ; Whitney et al . , 1987 ; Cook et al . , 1993 ; Hess et al . , 1998 , 1999 ; Williams and Steiner , 2005 ) . In a preliminary study , hypertriglyceridemia exceeding 10 . 17 mmol / L ( 900 mg / dL ) was found to be associated with an increased risk for pancreatitis in Miniature Schnauzers , and that might also be true for dogs of other breeds ( Xenoulis et al . , 2006 ) . Secondary hyperlipidemia seen in dogs with some endocrinopathies ( e . g . , hyperadrenocorticism ) or obesity may be responsible for the increased risk for pancreatitis associated with these diseases ( Chikamune et al . , 1995 ; Hess et al . , 1999 , 2000 ) . Based on these studies , an association between hypertriglyceridemia and "
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