High adherence and concordance within a clinical trial of antihypertensives

Centre for Behavioural Medicine, The School of Pharmacy, University of London, Mezzanine Floor, BMA House, Tavistock Square, London WC1H 9JP, UK.
Chronic Illness 12/2010; 6(4):243-51. DOI: 10.1177/1742395310369018
Source: PubMed


To explore hypertensive patients' beliefs about their condition and its treatment and their adherence within the context of a clinical trial. To assess the degree of concordance between patients' beliefs about hypertension and the medical model of the condition.
This was a questionnaire-based study, involving 230 patients participating in the Anglo-Scandinavian Cardiac Outcomes Trial (ASCOT), a randomized controlled trial comparing two pharmaceutical approaches to the management of hypertension. A comparison group of 106 hypertensive patients who were screened for ASCOT but did not meet the entry criteria was also recruited. Outcome measures were beliefs about hypertension and antihypertensive medication, and adherence to medication (self-report and tablet count).
Adherence to medication was higher than anticipated, with 45% participants reporting complete adherence over the 18-month study and a further 40% only rare non-adherence. Patients' beliefs about their condition and treatment were generally concordant with the medical model of hypertension. High concordance was associated with high medication adherence (p<0.001).
Clinical trial volunteers may have beliefs that are unusually concordant with the medical model of hypertension and may demonstrate atypically high adherence. This has implications for the transferability of trial findings to the general hypertensive population.

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Available from: Rob Horne, Apr 20, 2015
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    • "Medication non-adherence has also been noted to be particularly problematic in individuals with chronic kidney disease, such as Mr. P (Magacho et al., 2011). Consistent with the theoretical models described above, health beliefs about the relative benefit and potential adverse outcomes of medications have been linked to non-adherence across different diseases (Horne et al., 1999, 2010), as has self-efficacy (Littlefield et al., 1992). Also of interest to health psychologists in particular may be the relationship between non-adherence and psychological traits. "
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