Article

Effects of psychiatric training on nursing students' attitudes towards people with mental illness in Japan.

Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
International Journal of Social Psychiatry (Impact Factor: 1.15). 11/2011; 57(6):574-9. DOI: 10.1177/0020764010374419
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Nursing students' attitudes towards people with mental illness can be influenced by training experience.
To examine the relationship between the attitudes of nursing students towards people with mental illness and the psychiatric training imparted to the students by using textual data and conducting frequency analysis.
We identified the words/phrases which were considered to represent the attitudes towards people with mental illness at pre-training (T1) and post-training (T2) stages from reports written by 76 Japanese nursing students, and examined the differences in the frequencies of the words/phrases used at T1 and T2.
With regard to the students' attitudes towards people with mental illness, generally, the frequencies of words/phrases that had somewhat negative to strongly negative nuances were high at T1, whereas those of the words/phrases that had somewhat positive or neutral nuances were high at T2. Also, analysis showed that words/phrases such as 'scary' were used more frequently at T1, whereas words/phrases such as 'not scary' were used more often at T2.
The students' attitudes may change favourably owing to, at least in part, psychiatric training.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
82 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Stigmatising attitudes towards persons with mental illness are commonly reported among health professionals. Familiarity with mental illness has been reported to improve these attitudes. Very few studies have compared future medical doctors’ attitudes toward types of mental illness, substance use disorders and physical illness. A cross-sectional survey of 5th and 6th year medical students as well as recently graduated medical doctors was conducted in April 2011. The 12-item level of contact report and the Attitude towards Mental Illness Questionnaire were administered. Participants endorsed stigmatising attitudes towards mental illness; with attitudes more adverse for schizophrenia compared to depression. Stigmatising attitudes were similarly endorsed for substance use disorders. Paradoxically, attitudes towards HIV/AIDS were positive and similar to diabetes mellitus. Increasing familiarity with mental illness was weakly associated with better attitudes towards depression and schizophrenia. Stigmatising attitudes towards depression and schizophrenia are common among future doctors. Efforts to combat stigma are urgently needed and should be promoted among medical students and recent medical graduates.
    Mental Illness. 07/2012; 4(e8):32-4.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Psychiatry nurses are an integral component of a multidisciplinary mental health-care team. The current study aimed at understanding the attitude of undergraduate nursing students toward psychiatry. Additionally, the attitudes toward psychiatry have been compared across the training years among these students. The study was carried out at a tertiary care nurse-training institute. All the nursing students enrolled with the institute at the time of the study constituted the sample frame. The study questionnaire used in the current study was a 29-item questionnaire that assessed attitudes toward psychiatry. The data were analyzed using SPSS ver 17. Overall, the majority of the nursing students from all four groups had a favorable response to the statements of the Likert scale. Most of the significantly positive responses (as assessed by the Kruskal-Wallis analysis of variance of the rank order) were from the third-year and internship students. These findings were supported by the significant correlation between these statements and ranked order of the nurse-training years. The findings of the current study present some interesting insights into the attitude of nursing students toward psychiatry.
    Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine 04/2013; 35(2):159-66.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although researchers have suggested that consumer art can help reduce the stigma of mental illness, there is little evidence of the attitudes of the Japanese public towards such artwork. A total of 277 Japanese visitors attending an exhibition of visual arts by people with mental illness completed a short questionnaire. After their visit, approximately 87% of the participants reported being strongly or fairly impressed by the creative art. Word frequency analysis implied generally positive attitudes towards the works. The Japanese public might generally have positive and empathetic attitudes towards artwork by people with mental illness.
    International Journal of Social Psychiatry 03/2011; 58(4):350-4. · 1.15 Impact Factor