The significance of external limiting membrane status for visual acuity in age-related macular degeneration.
ABSTRACT To evaluate status of the external limiting membrane (ELM) as a contributor of visual acuity (VA) in age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
Hospital-based, cross-sectional study.
We retrospectively reviewed spectral-domain optical coherence tomography images of 158 patients with AMD who had undergone photodynamic therapy and classified them based on the status of the ELM: absent, discontinuous, or complete. We simultaneously assessed foveal thickness, presence or absence of subretinal fluid/mass, presence or absence of subretinal pigment epithelium fluid/mass, status of the inner segment/outer segment (IS/OS) junction, and status of the intermediate line between the IS/OS junction and retinal pigment epithelium. Correlation coefficients between each parameter and VA were analyzed.
There was a strong correlation between ELM status and VA (r = -0.75, P < .001), and that was higher than that of the IS/OS (r = -0.69, P < .001). Multivariate analysis showed that ELM status is the most important factor for VA. Other parameters that correlated with VA included age, status of the intermediate line, and presence of subretinal or subretinal pigment epithelium fibrosis. Foveal thickness showed V-shaped correlation, with the dividing line around 200 mum.
ELM status may be more useful than is IS/OS status in evaluation of retinal morphology and function in patients with AMD.
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ABSTRACT: To investigate which spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) findings predict visual outcome after anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) treatment in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (NV-AMD).Korean Journal of Ophthalmology 10/2014; 28(5):386-392.
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ABSTRACT: Neuroprotection may prevent or forestall the progression of incurable eye diseases, such as retinitis pigmentosa, one of the major causes of adult blindness. Decreased cellular ATP levels may contribute to the pathology of this eye disease and other neurodegenerative diseases. Here we describe small compounds (Kyoto University Substances, KUSs) that were developed to inhibit the ATPase activity of VCP (valosin-containing protein), the most abundant soluble ATPase in the cell. Surprisingly, KUSs did not significantly impair reported cellular functions of VCP but nonetheless suppressed the VCP-dependent decrease of cellular ATP levels. Moreover, KUSs, as well as exogenous ATP or ATP-producing compounds, e.g. methylpyruvate, suppressed endoplasmic reticulum stress, and demonstrably protected various types of cultured cells from death, including several types of retinal neuronal cells. We then examined their in vivo efficacies in rd10, a mouse model of retinitis pigmentosa. KUSs prevented photoreceptor cell death and preserved visual function. These results reveal an unexpected, crucial role of ATP consumption by VCP in determining cell fate in this pathological context, and point to a promising new neuroprotective strategy for currently incurable retinitis pigmentosa.Scientific Reports 08/2014; 4:5970. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Spectral domain optical coherence tomography cross-sectional imaging of the macula has conventionally been resolved into four bands. However, some doubts were raised regarding authentication of the existence of these bands. Recently, a number of studies have suggested that the second band appeared to originate from the inner segment ellipsoids of the foveal cone photoreceptors, and therefore the previously called inner segment-outer segment junction is now referred to as inner segment ellipsoidband. Photoreceptor dysfunction may be a significant predictor of visual acuity in a spectrum of surgical and medical retinal diseases. This review aims to provide an overview and summarizes the role of the photoreceptor inner segment ellipsoid band in the management and prognostication of various vitreoretinal diseases.Clinical ophthalmology (Auckland, N.Z.) 01/2014; 8:2507-22.