Arterial supply of the posterior interventricular sulcus: a CT coronary angiographic study.
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to determine the different vascularization patterns of the posterior interventricular sulcus (PIS) with coronary CT angiography.
Three hundred and fifty-six coronary CT angiograms (CCTA) were retrospectively analyzed in 248 men and 108 women (mean age, 54.9 years ± 13.6 [standard deviation]). The PIS was divided into three segments from the crux cordis to the notch of the cardiac apex according to the American Heart Association classification (basal, mid ventricular and apical), and the artery or arteries supplying each segment were recorded. The relative frequency of the different vascularization patterns was calculated and the distribution of dominance types was recorded.
Blood was supplied to the PIS by one or more branches of the right coronary artery (RCA), the left circumflex artery (LCX), or the left anterior descending artery (LAD). We observed 25 different irrigation patterns. In the most frequent pattern (31.3%), the basal and mid-ventricular segments were perfused by a single arterial branch originating from the RCA at the crux, and the apical segment was perfused by the LAD traveling beyond the notch of the cardiac apex and entering the posterior interventricular sulcus. Of the 356 cases, the circulation was right dominant in 310 (87.1%), left dominant in 34 (9.5%), and balanced in 12 (3.4%) cases. Individual segments were perfused by a single artery in 288 (80.9%) cases, and by more than one in the remainder.
CCTA allows detailed assessment of the arterial supply of the PIS, and allowed to describe 25 subtypes. This information is of potential value to both cardiac surgeons and interventional cardiologists who plan bypass surgery or angioplasty aiming at the posterior interventricular artery.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the correspondence between the coronary arterial anatomy and the supplied myocardium based on the proposed American Heart Association (AHA) 17-segment model. Six human cadaveric hearts without signs of infarct were selectively injected with colored contrasted gelatin in the three major coronary arteries. After injection, the hearts were scanned by computed tomography (64-detector scanner LightSpeed VCT, GE Healthcare) with a collimation of 64 × 0.625 mm. Reconstructed image data were analyzed in order to evaluate the blood supply of each myocardial segment. Coronary artery territory varies due to anatomy variations. Left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) was the main vessel responsible for the myocardium blood supply in 11 segments. LAD contributed to the blood supply of all apical segments. Left circumflex (LCx) was the main coronary artery for the infero-anterior wall. Right coronary artery (RCA) contributed in all hearts for the blood supply of infero-septal segments. There was an important overlap between LAD and RCA territories at the infero-septal region and between LAD and LCx territories at the antero-lateral region. In our experiment, LAD territory was larger than the AHA-proposed 17-segment model. The most specific segments were located at the anterior wall and supplied exclusively by LAD. No specific segment could be exclusively attributed to RCA or to LCx. Sometimes, LCx can be the most important artery for the blood supply of the inferior wall even if the origin of the posterior descending artery is the RCA.Anatomia Clinica 05/2012; 34(9):805-10. · 0.93 Impact Factor
- Anatomia Clinica 10/2010; · 0.93 Impact Factor
- Anatomia Clinica 05/2011; 33(4):377-8; author reply 379. · 0.93 Impact Factor