Adsorption studies on fruits of Gular (Ficus glomerata): Removal of Cr(VI) from synthetic wastewater
ABSTRACT The adsorption of Cr(VI) was studied in batch system using fruits of Ficus glomerata as adsorbent. The effect of temperature, pH, initial Cr(VI) concentration and time was investigated. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) was used to investigate surface morphology and active functional groups present on the adsorbent surface. Thermodynamic parameters like free energy change (DeltaG(0)), enthalpy (DeltaH(0)) and entropy (DeltaS(0)) indicate the spontaneous, endothermic and increased randomness nature of Cr(VI) adsorption. Equilibrium data were fitted well with Langmuir isotherm at 50 degrees C. The magnitude of mean free energy indicates chemical nature of adsorption. The breakthrough and exhaustive capacities were found to be 5 and 23.1 mg g(-1) respectively. The applicability of the adsorbent has been demonstrated by removing Cr(VI) from electroplating wastewater.
- SourceAvailable from: Ajeet Kumar
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- "However, the adsorption process is an attractive alternative due to its ease of operation, economic viability and effectiveness. Recently, adsorptive removal of Cr(VI) from wastewater using various adsorbents has been investigated by several workers (Ren et al., 2013; Ozer et al., 2012; Gupta et al., 2013; Shukla and Vankar, 2012; Annalisa et al., 2012; Rao et al., 2012; Borah et al., 2012; Khan and Singh, 2010; Rao and Rehman, 2010). It was observed that most of these adsorbents have limited applicability due to their low adsorption capacities, prolonged contact time and inability to work at natural pH of water. "
ABSTRACT: Guar gum–nano zinc oxide (GG/nZnO) biocomposite was used as an adsorbent for enhanced removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution. The maximum adsorption was achieved at 50 min contact time, 25 mg/L Cr(VI) conc., 1.0 g/L adsorbent dose and 7.0 pH. Langmuir, Freundlich, Dubinin–Kaganer–Radushkevich and Temkin isotherm models were used to interpret the experimental data. The data obeyed both Langmuir and Freundlich models (R2 = 0.99) indicating a multilayer adsorption of Cr(VI) onto the heterogeneous surface. The linear plots of Temkin isotherm showed adsorbent-adsorbate interactions. Moreover, the energy obtained from DKR isotherm (1.58–2.24 kJ/mol) indicated a physical adsorption of the metal ions onto the adsorbent surface, which implies more feasibility of the regeneration of the adsorbent. GG/nZnO biocomposite adsorbent showed an improved adsorption capacity for Cr(VI) (qm = 55.56 mg/g) as compared to other adsorbents reported in the literature. Adsorption process followed pseudo-second order kinetics; controlled by both liquid-film and intra-particle diffusion mechanisms. Thermodynamic parameters (ΔGo, ΔHo and ΔSo) reflected the feasibility, spontaneity and exothermic nature of adsorption. The results suggested that GG/nZnO biocomposite is economical, eco-friendly and capable to remove Cr(VI) from natural water resources.Arabian Journal of Chemistry 09/2013; 39. DOI:10.1016/j.arabjc.2013.08.019 · 3.73 Impact Factor
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- "Where only adsorption of Cr(VI) ions is involved, the temperature effect on retention time is relatively small. Empirical studies show that temperature has a small effect on adsorption (Moussavi and Barikbin 2010; Liu et al. 2010; Rao and Rehman 2010; Hena 2010; Mustafa et al. 2010; Wang et al. 2010; Chowdhury et al. 2010; Sharma et al. 2009). "
ABSTRACT: The magnetic-poly(divinylbenzene-1-vinylimidazole) [m-poly(DVB-VIM)] microbeads (average diameter 53-212 μm) were synthesized and characterized; their use as adsorbent in removal of Cr(VI) ions from aqueous solutions was investigated. The m-poly(DVB-VIM) microbeads were prepared by copolymerizing of divinylbenzene (DVB) with 1-vinylimidazole (VIM). The m-poly(DVB-VIM) microbeads were characterized by N(2) adsorption/desorption isotherms, ESR, elemental analysis, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and swelling studies. At fixed solid/solution ratio the various factors affecting adsorption of Cr(VI) ions from aqueous solutions such as pH, initial concentration, contact time and temperature were analyzed. Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkvich isotherms were used as the model adsorption equilibrium data. Langmuir isotherm model was the most adequate. The pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, Ritch-second-order and intraparticle diffusion models were used to describe the adsorption kinetics. The apparent activation energy was found to be 5.024 kJ mol(-1), which is characteristic of a chemically controlled reaction. The experimental data fitted to pseudo-second-order kinetic. The study of temperature effect was quantified by calculating various thermodynamic parameters such as Gibbs free energy, enthalpy and entropy changes. The thermodynamic parameters obtained indicated the endothermic nature of adsorption of Cr(VI) ions. Morever, after the use in adsorption, the m-poly(DVB-VIM) microbeads with paramagnetic property were separeted via the applied magnetic force. The magnetic beads could be desorbed up to about 97% by treating with 1.0 M NaOH. These features make the m-poly(DVB-VIM) microbeads a potential candidate for support of Cr(VI) ions removal under magnetic field.Water Air and Soil Pollution 06/2012; 223(5):2387-2403. DOI:10.1007/s11270-011-1032-1 · 1.55 Impact Factor
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- "Cr(VI) is generally released from electroplating, leather tanning, metal fi nishing, dyeing, textiling, steel fabricating, paint and pigments, fertilizing, photographying, etc. Therefore , it is very important to fi nd an effective method to remove Cr(VI) from industrial wastewaters. Methods including adsorption        , biosorption   , ion exchange  , electrocoagulation    and membrane fi ltration     have been widely used for the removal of Cr(VI). However, these technologies demonstrated drawbacks, such as membrane fouling, high power consumption and expensive for operation and maintenance. "
ABSTRACT: ZnO sheets have been synthesized via microwave-assisted reaction of ZnO precursor in aqueous solution using a CEM microwave system. Their morphologies, crystal structures and photocatalytic performances in the reduction of Cr(VI) were characterized using scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction spectroscopy and UV-vis absorption spectrophotometer, respectively. Results show that ZnO sheets synthesized in 5 min time scale exhibits a optimal photocatalytic performance in the reduction of Cr(VI) with removal efficiency of 81% under UV irradiation due to the maximal intensity of light absorption and the minimal probability of electron-hole pair recombination.Desalination and water treatment 04/2012; 42(1-3):216-221. DOI:10.1080/19443994.2012.683161 · 1.17 Impact Factor