A case of tongue carcinoma associated with chronic graft-versus-host disease after allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
ABSTRACT Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) can occur at various sites, including the oral mucosa, where it is associated with a high risk of head and neck cancer. We report the case of a 46-year-old woman with tongue cancer that developed following Hodgkin's lymphoma and chronic GVHD, and we discuss the possible causes of cancer development.
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the incidence and associated risk factors of solid cancers after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). We analyzed 2,129 patients who had undergone BMT for hematologic malignancies at the City of Hope National Medical Center between 1976 and 1998. A retrospective cohort and nested case-control study design were used to evaluate the role of pretransplantation therapeutic exposures and transplant conditioning regimens. Twenty-nine patients developed solid cancers after BMT, which represents a two-fold increase in risk compared with a comparable normal population. The estimated cumulative probability (+/- SE) for development of a solid cancer was 6.1% +/- 1.6% at 10 years. The risk was significantly elevated for liver cancer (standardized incidence ratio [SIR], 27.7; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.9 to 57.3), cancer of the oral cavity (SIR, 17.4; 95% CI, 6.3 to 34.1), and cervical cancer (SIR, 13.3; 95% CI, 3.5 to 29.6). Each of the two patients with liver cancer had a history of chronic hepatitis C infection. All six patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the skin had chronic graft-versus-host disease. The risk was significantly higher for survivors who were younger than 34 years of age at time of BMT (SIR, 5.3; 95% CI, 2.7 to 8.6). Cancers of the thyroid gland, liver, and oral cavity occurred primarily among patients who received total-body irradiation. The risk of radiation-associated solid tumor development after BMT is likely to increase with longer follow-up. This underscores the importance of close monitoring of patients who undergo BMT.Journal of Clinical Oncology 02/2001; 19(2):464-71. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To determine the incidence of secondary cancers after bone marrow transplantation, we reviewed the records of all patients at our center who received allogeneic, syngeneic, or autologous transplants for leukemia (n = 1926) or aplastic anemia (n = 320). Thirty-five patients were given a diagnosis of secondary cancer between 1.5 months and 13.9 years (median, 1.0 year) after transplantation. Sixteen patients had non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, 6 had leukemias, and 13 had solid tumors (including 3 each with glioblastoma, melanoma, and squamous-cell carcinoma). There were 1.2 secondary cancers per 100 exposure-years during the first year after transplantation (95 percent confidence interval, 0.7 to 2.0). The rate declined to 0.4 (95 percent confidence interval, 0.2 to 0.7) after one year. The age-adjusted incidence of secondary cancer was 6.69 times higher than that of primary cancer in the general population. In a multivariate model, the predictors (and relative risks) of any type of secondary cancer were acute graft-versus-host disease treated with either antithymocyte globulin (relative risk, 4.2) or an anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody (13.6) and total-body irradiation (3.9). Two additional factors were associated with secondary non-Hodgkin's lymphomas: T-lymphocyte depletion of donor marrow (12.4) and HLA mismatch (3.8). We conclude that recipients of bone marrow transplantation have a low but significant risk of a secondary cancer, particularly non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.New England Journal of Medicine 10/1989; 321(12):784-9. · 51.66 Impact Factor
- Archives of Dermatology 07/2002; 138(6):842-3. · 4.79 Impact Factor