Psychosocial correlates of intention to receive an influenza vaccination among rural adolescents
ABSTRACT The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recently expanded annual influenza vaccination recommendations to include all children 6 months through 18 years of age. Adolescent attitudes toward influenza vaccination may play a key role in reaching this newly added age group. This study examined the association between attitudes toward influenza vaccination and intention to be vaccinated among rural adolescents. Data were collected from baseline surveys distributed to adolescents in September/October 2008, prior to the H1N1 influenza pandemic, in two counties participating in a school-based influenza vaccination intervention trial in rural Georgia (N = 337). Survey items were based on constructs from the Health Belief Model and the Integrated Behavioral Model. Approximately one-third of participants (33.8%) intended to receive an influenza vaccination, 33.5% did not intend to be vaccinated and 28.8% were unsure. Controlling for background factors, intention to receive an influenza vaccination was associated with low perceived barriers [odds ratio (OR) = 0.77, P < 0.001], injunctive norms (OR = 1.23, P = 0.002) and receipt of influenza vaccination in the past year (OR =6.21, P < 0.001). Findings suggest that perceived barriers and injunctive social norms may influence vaccination acceptance among rural adolescents. Future influenza vaccination efforts geared toward rural middle and high school students may benefit from addressing adolescent attitudes toward influenza vaccination.
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ABSTRACT: School-aged children were a priority group for receipt of the pandemic (2009) H1N1 influenza vaccine. Both parental and adolescent attitudes likely influence vaccination behaviors. Data were collected from surveys distributed to middle- and high-school students and their parents in two counties in rural Georgia. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted to assess correlates of parental acceptance of H1N1 influenza vaccination for their children and adolescents' acceptance of vaccination for themselves. Concordance analyses were conducted to assess agreement between parent-adolescent dyads regarding H1N1 influenza vaccine acceptance. Parental acceptance of H1N1 influenza vaccination for their children was associated with acceptance of the vaccine for themselves and feeling motivated by the H1N1 influenza pandemic to get a seasonal influenza vaccine for their child. Adolescents' acceptance was associated with receipt of a seasonal influenza vaccine in the past year, fear of getting H1N1 influenza, feeling comfortable getting the vaccine and parental acceptance of H1N1 influenza vaccine. Half (50%) of parent-adolescent pairs included both a parent and child who expressed H1N1 influenza vaccine acceptance, and 19% of pairs would not accept the vaccine. This research highlights the need for interventions that target factors associated with H1N1 influenza vaccine acceptance among both parents and adolescents.Health Education Research 05/2011; 26(5):751-60. DOI:10.1093/her/cyr025 · 1.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Teachers play an essential role in the school community, and H1N1 vaccination of teachers is critical to protect not only themselves but also adolescents they come in contact within the classroom through herd immunity. School-aged children have a greater risk of developing H1N1 disease than seasonal influenza. The goal of this study was to assess the relationship between attitudes toward H1N1 vaccination and vaccine acceptance among middle and high school teachers in rural Georgia. Participants were recruited from 2 counties participating in a school-based influenza vaccination intervention in rural Georgia. Data were collected from surveys distributed to middle and high school teachers in participating counties in September 2009 prior to implementing the interventions to increase vaccination against seasonal influenza. Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess the association between teachers' attitudes toward H1N1 vaccination and H1N1 vaccine acceptance, controlling for demographic variables. Among participants, 52.9% indicated that they would get the H1N1 vaccine. In multivariate analyses, H1N1 vaccine acceptance was associated with male gender (odds ratio[OR] = 3.67, p = .016), fear of contracting H1N1 (OR = 3.18, p = .025), and receipt of a seasonal influenza vaccine in the past year (OR = 3.07, p = .031). H1N1 vaccine acceptance was not significantly associated with age, race, perceived severity of H1N1, belief that the H1N1 vaccine would cause illness, or talking about H1N1 with friends. Teachers may play a pivotal role in school-based H1N1 vaccinations. Understanding and addressing teachers' attitudes toward H1N1 vaccination may assist in future immunization efforts.Journal of School Health 06/2011; 81(6):297-303. DOI:10.1111/j.1746-1561.2011.00594.x · 1.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To compare school- versus provider-based approaches to improving influenza vaccination coverage among adolescents in rural Georgia. We used a nonrandomized, 3-armed design: (1) a middle- and high school-based influenza vaccination intervention in 1 county; (2) a provider-based influenza vaccination intervention in a second county; and (3) a standard-of-care condition in a third county. Interventions also included distribution of an educational brochure, school presentations, and community-based outreach to enhance vaccine knowledge and awareness among adolescents and their parents. During the 2008-2009 influenza season, 70 (19%) of 370 students were vaccinated in the school-based county and 110 (15%) of 736 students were vaccinated in the provider-based county, compared with 71 (8%) of 889 students in the standard-of-care county (risk ratio [RR](school): 2.4 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.7-3.2]; RR(provider): 1.9 [95% CI: 1.4-2.5]). During 2009-2010, seasonal influenza vaccination coverage was 114 (30.4%) of 375 of students in the school-based county, 122 (16.9%) of 663 of students in the provider-based county, and 131 (15.2%) of 861 students in the standard-of-care county (RR(school): 2.3 [95% CI: 1.9-2.9]; RR(provider): 1.2 [95% CI: 0.97-1.5]). Special efforts to promote influenza vaccination among rural, predominantly black students were associated with increased vaccination coverage. The school-based influenza vaccination intervention was associated with the highest levels of vaccination coverage. This study revealed the efficacy of school-based influenza education to improve vaccination rates among adolescents.PEDIATRICS 11/2011; 128(5):e1092-9. DOI:10.1542/peds.2011-0453 · 5.30 Impact Factor