Article

A liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for measurement of N-modified phosphatidylethanolamines

Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37232, USA.
Analytical Biochemistry (Impact Factor: 2.22). 10/2010; 405(2):236-45. DOI: 10.1016/j.ab.2010.06.027
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT N-Acyl phosphatidylethanolamines (NAPEs) are synthesised in response to stress in a variety of organisms from bacteria to humans. More recently, nonenzymatic modification of the ethanolamine headgroup of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) by various aldehydes, including levuglandins/isoketals (which are gamma-ketoaldehydes [gammaKAs] derived from arachidonic acid), has also been demonstrated. The levels of these various N-modified PEs formed during stress and their biological significance remain to be fully characterized. Such studies require an accurate, facile, and cost-effective method for quantifying N-modified PEs. Previously, NAPE and some of the nonenzymatically N-modified PE species have been quantified by mass spectrometry after hydrolysis to their constituent N-acylethanolamine by enzymatic hydrolysis, most typically with Streptomyces chromofuscus phospholipase D. However, enzymatic hydrolysis is not cost-effective for routine analysis of a large number of samples, and hydrolytic efficiency may vary for different N-modified PEs, making quantitation more difficult. Therefore, we sought a robust and inexpensive chemical hydrolysis approach. Methylamine (CH(3)NH(2))-mediated deacylation has previously been used in headgroup analysis of phosphatidylinositol phosphates. Therefore, we developed an accurate assay for NAPEs and gammaKA-PEs using CH(3)NH(2)-mediated deacylation and quantitation of the resulting glycerophospho-N-modified ethanolamines by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.

0 Followers
 · 
159 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present a hybrid formulation which combines the finite integration technique (FIT) with a ray tracing technique. Ray tracing allows the treatment of complicated structures with very large objects. A typical application of ray tracing techniques is the simulation of indoor propagation. The presented hybrid technique has therefore a rather broad field of applications in contrast to other hybrid methods. A critical point in the implementation of the hybrid method is the modeling of the sources for the ray tracing part. The sources used by these techniques are considered usually as point sources with a given directivity. Applying the Franz integral representation for the far fields, the field distribution over the boundary surface can be substituted by a single point source. This approach can improve the performance of the method dramatically
    Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, 2001. IEEE; 02/2001
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Peroxidation of plasma lipoproteins has been implicated in the endothelial cell activation and monocyte adhesion that initiate atherosclerosis, but the exact mechanisms underlying this activation remain unclear. Lipid peroxidation generates lipid aldehydes, including the γ-ketoaldehydes (γKA), also termed isoketals or isolevuglandins, that readily modify the amine headgroup of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE). We hypothesized that aldehyde modification of PE could mediate some of the proinflammatory effects of lipid peroxidation. We found that PE modified by γKA (γKA-PE) induced THP-1 monocyte adhesion to human umbilical cord endothelial cells. γKA-PE also induced expression of adhesion molecules and increased MCP-1 and IL-8 mRNA in human umbilical cord endothelial cells. To determine the structural requirements for γKA-PE activity, we tested several related compounds. PE modified by 4-oxo-pentanal induced THP-1 adhesion, but N-glutaroyl-PE and C(18:0)N-acyl-PE did not, suggesting that an N-pyrrole moiety was essential for cellular activity. As the N-pyrrole headgroup might distort the membrane, we tested the effect of the pyrrole-PEs on membrane parameters. γKA-PE and 4-oxo-pentanal significantly reduced the temperature for the liquid crystalline to hexagonal phase transition in artificial bilayers, suggesting that these pyrrole-PE markedly altered membrane curvature. Additionally, fluorescently labeled γKA-PE rapidly internalized to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER); γKA-PE induced C/EBP homologous protein CHOP and BiP expression and p38 MAPK activity, and inhibitors of ER stress reduced γKA-PE-induced C/EBP homologous protein CHOP and BiP expression as well as EC activation, consistent with γKA-PE inducing ER stress responses that have been previously linked to inflammatory chemokine expression. Thus, γKA-PE is a potential mediator of the inflammation induced by lipid peroxidation.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 03/2011; 286(20):18170-80. DOI:10.1074/jbc.M110.213470 · 4.57 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: N-acyl-phosphatidylethanolamine is a precursor phospholipid for anandamide, oleoylethanolamide, and other N-acylethanolamines, and it may in itself have biological functions in cell membranes. Recently, N-palmitoyl-phosphatidylethanolamine (NAPE) has been reported to function as an anorectic hormone secreted from the gut and acting on the brain (Gillum et al., [5]). In the current study, two of our laboratories independently investigated whether NAPE metabolites may be involved in mediating the anorectic action of NAPE i.p. injected in mice. Thus, the anorectic activity of a non-hydrolysable NAPE analogue, having ether bonds instead of ester bonds at sn1 and sn2 was compared with that of NAPE in molar equivalent doses. Furthermore, the anorectic effect of NAPE in NAPE-hydrolysing phospholipase D knockout animals was investigated. As negative controls, the NAPE precursor phosphatidylethanolamine and the related phospholipids phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidic acid were also tested. All compounds except one were found to inhibit food intake, raising the possibility that the effect of NAPE is non-specific.
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 06/2011; 1811(9):508-12. DOI:10.1016/j.bbalip.2011.06.020 · 4.66 Impact Factor
Show more

Preview

Download
2 Downloads
Available from