Article

Prevalence of celiac disease among blood donors in Sistan and Balouchestan Province, Southeastern Iran.

Department of Gastroenterology, School of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.
Archives of Iranian medicine (Impact Factor: 1.11). 07/2010; 13(4):301-5.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The prevalence of celiac disease is common in Iran. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of celiac disease in apparently healthy blood donors of Sistan and Balouchestan Province, southeastern Iran.
Serum samples of 1600 consecutive apparently healthy blood donors at Zahedan Blood Donation Center were assayed for anti-tissue transglutaminase (tTG) antibody. The levels of IgG antibodies against tTG were screened for all subjects with IgA deficiency. All subjects with positive anti-tTG IgA or IgG were offered upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and duodenal mucosal biopsies.
IgA deficiency was found in 28:1600 (1.8%) of the subjects, among whom 4 cases were positive for IgG-class tTG antibody. Meanwhile, 10 blood donors were positive for anti-tTG IgA antibody. With the exception of 2 subjects who had normal small bowel biopsies, the remainder of the subjects' biopsy findings were compatible with celiac disease. The prevalence of celiac disease was found to be 0.88% (1/114) based on tTGA positivity.
The prevalence of celiac disease among the southeastern Iranian population is high and comparable with other parts of Iran as well as many other countries.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
132 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The female predominance in celiac disease is difficult to explain because population-based screening studies reveal similar rates for celiac disease-specific autoantibodies in males and females. The aim of this study was to explore the role of age and gender in the presentation of celiac disease. The frequency of presentation according to age, gender and mode of presentation was determined by analysis of a prospectively maintained database of children and adults seen at a tertiary medical center. Of 1,682 patients (68 % female) aged 3 months to 86 years who were diagnosed with celiac disease, age at diagnosis in females peaked at 40-45 years, whereas the age at diagnosis for males had two peaks: 10-15 and 35-40 years. A significantly lower percentage of males in early adulthood were diagnosed compared with males in all other age groups (P < 0.0001). The young and elderly had a more even gender distribution. Based on our analysis, males are diagnosed with celiac disease less frequently than females, especially in early adulthood. There should be more emphasis on the diagnosis of celiac disease among young adult males.
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 01/2014; · 2.26 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Coeliac disease (CD) may be associated with several liver disorders including primary biliary cirrhosis, primary sclerosing cholangitis and autoimmune hepatitis. Furthermore preliminary data suggest a causative role of CD in steatosis and steatohepatitis. The aim of present study was to determine the prevalence of CD in a series of patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). In a cross sectional study (2008-2010), 403 consecutive NAFLD patients (127 female and 276 male) referred to GI clinics of the Zahedan University of Medical Sciences were included. IgA anti-tissue transglutaminase (Anti-tTG) was used for screening of coeliac disease. In the patients with a positive serologic test, duodenal biopsies were taken to confirm the diagnosis. The mean±SD of the age and BMI of patients were 37.4±12.4years and 28.3±4.15kg/m(2) respectively. BMIs lower than 25kg/m(2) were found in 58 subjects (14.5%). Furthermore diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidaemia were diagnosed in 48 (11.9%) and 84 (20.8%) individuals respectively. Positive Anti-tTGs were found in 14/403 (3.4%) and 13/403 (3.2%, 95% CI 1.5-4.9) had coeliac disease according to the modified Marsh classification; 8 had type I, 3 type II, 1 type IIIA and 1 type IIIB lesions. According to our data, prevalence of CD in the subjects with NAFLD is higher than the rates reported in the general population. Therefore screening for CD in selected cases of NAFLD may be appropriate.
    Arab Journal of Gastroenterology 09/2013; 14(3):113-5.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Coeliac disease (CD), originally thought to be largely confined to Northern Europe and Australasia and uncommon in North America and the Middle East, is now recognised to be equally common in all these countries. It is still thought to be rare in the Orient and Sub-Saharan Africa. AIM: To assess geographical differences and time trends in the frequency of CD. METHODS: Medline and Embase searches were conducted on 10 November 2012, from 1946 and 1980 respectively, using the key words: coeliac disease or celiac disease + prevalence or incidence or frequency. RESULTS: There were significant intra- and inter-country differences in the prevalence and incidence of CD. Only 24 ethnic Chinese and Japanese patients have been reported in the English literature. Of CD-associated HLA DQ antigens, DQ2 occurs in 5-10% of Chinese and sub-Saharan Africans, compared to 5-20% in Western Europe. DQ8 occurs in 5-10% of English, Tunisians and Iranians, but in <5% of Eastern Europeans, Americans and Asians. The prevalence and incidence of both clinically and serologically diagnosed CD increased in recent years. These geographical and temporal differences seem genuine, although variable indices of suspicion and availability of diagnostic facilities are confounding factors. CONCLUSIONS: Coeliac disease is increasing in frequency, with significant geographical differences. Although few cases have been described to date in the Orient and Sub-Saharan Africa, there is a significant prevalence of HLA DQ2 and wheat consumption is of the same order as that in Western Europe. CD may therefore become more common in the future in these countries.
    Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 06/2013; · 4.55 Impact Factor

Preview

Download
1 Download
Available from