Alzheimer Abeta(1-42) monomer adsorbed on the self-assembled monolayers.
ABSTRACT Amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide aggregation on the cell membranes is a key pathological event responsible for neuron cell death in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We present a collection of molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulations to study the conformational dynamics and adsorption behavior of Abeta monomer on the self-assembled monolayer (SAM), in comparison to Abeta structure in bulk solution. Two distinct Abeta conformations (i.e., alpha-helix and beta-hairpin) are selected as initial structures to mimic different adsorption states, whereas four SAM surfaces with different end groups in hydrophobicity and charge distribution are used to examine the effect of surface chemistry on Abeta structure and adsorption. Simulation results show that alpha-helical monomer displays higher structural stability than beta-hairpin monomer on all SAMs, suggesting that the preferential conformation of Abeta monomer could be alpha-helical or random structure when bound to surfaces. Structural stability and adsorption behavior of Abeta monomer on the SAMs originates from competitive interactions between Abeta and SAM and between SAM and interfacial water, which involve the conformation of Abeta, the surface chemistry of SAM, and the structure and dynamics of interfacial waters. The relative net binding affinity of Abeta with the SAMs is in the favorable order of COOH-SAM > NH(2)-SAM > CH(3)-SAM > OH-SAM, highlighting the importance of electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions for driving Abeta adsorption at the SAMs, but both interactions contribute differently to each Abeta-SAM complex. This work provides parallel insights into the understanding of Abeta structure and aggregation on cell membrane.
Article: The Toxicity of Amyloid β Oligomers.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In this review, we elucidate the mechanisms of Aβ oligomer toxicity which may contribute to Alzheimer's disease (AD). In particular, we discuss on the interaction of Aβ oligomers with the membrane through the process of adsorption and insertion. Such interaction gives rises to phase transitions in the sub-structures of the Aβ peptide from α-helical to β-sheet structure. By means of a coarse-grained model, we exhibit the tendency of β-sheet structures to aggregate, thus providing further insights to the process of membrane induced aggregation. We show that the aggregated oligomer causes membrane invagination, which is a precursor to the formation of pore structures and ion channels. Other pathological progressions to AD due to Aβ oligomers are also covered, such as their interaction with the membrane receptors, and their direct versus indirect effects on oxidative stress and intraneuronal accumulation. We further illustrate that the molecule curcumin is a potential Aβ toxicity inhibitor as a β-sheet breaker by having a high propensity to interact with certain Aβ residues without binding to them. The comprehensive understanding gained from these current researches on the various toxicity mechanisms show promises in the provision of better therapeutics and treatment strategies in the near future.International Journal of Molecular Sciences 01/2012; 13(6):7303-27. · 2.60 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Using atomic force microscopy (AFM) we investigated the interaction of amyloid beta (Aβ) peptide with chemically modified surfaces in order to better understand the mechanism of amyloid toxicity, which involves interaction of amyloid with cell membrane surfaces. We compared the structure and density of Aβ fibrils on positively and negatively charged as well as hydrophobic chemically-modified surfaces at physiologically relevant conditions. We report that due to the complex distribution of charge and hydrophobicity amyloid oligomers bind to all types of surfaces investigated (CH₃, COOH, and NH₂) although the charge and hydrophobicity of surfaces affected the structure and size of amyloid deposits as well as surface coverage. Hydrophobic surfaces promote formation of spherical amorphous clusters, while charged surfaces promote protofibril formation. We used the nonlinear Poisson-Boltzmann equation (PBE) approach to analyze the electrostatic interactions of amyloid monomers and oligomers with modified surfaces to complement our AFM data.PLoS ONE 01/2011; 6(10):e25954. · 4.09 Impact Factor
Article: Surface plasmon resonance based biosensors for exploring the influence of alkaloids on aggregation of amyloid-β peptide.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The main objective of the presented study was the development of a simple analytical tool for exploring the influence of naturally occurring compounds on the aggregation of amyloid-β peptide (Aβ(40)) in order to find potential anti-neurodegenerative drugs. The gold discs used for surface plasmon resonance (SPR) measurements were modified with thioaliphatic acid. The surface functionalized with carboxylic groups was used for covalent attaching of Aβ(40) probe by creation of amide bonds in the presence of EDC/NHS. The modified SPR gold discs were used for exploring the Aβ(40) aggregation process in the presence of selected alkaloids: arecoline hydrobromide, pseudopelletierine hydrochloride, trigonelline hydrochloride and α-lobeline hydrochloride. The obtained results were discussed with other parameters which govern the phenomenon studied such as lipophilicity/hydrophilicy and Aβ(40)-alkaloid association constants.Sensors 01/2011; 11(4):4030-42. · 1.74 Impact Factor