Influencia del movimiento respiratorio sobre el contraste de las lesiones en estudios de perfusión pulmonar: simulación mediante el uso de un fantoma virtual.
ABSTRACT ResumenEl movimiento respiratorio (MR) constituye un factor de degradación de las imágenes con potencial influencia sobre la capacidad de detección de lesiones tromboembólicas en estudios de perfusión pulmonar. El objetivo fue investigar la influencia del MR sobre el contraste de lesiones pulmonares, por medio de simulación con un fantoma virtual. Mediante un fantoma N-CAT se generó un modelo de perfusión pulmonar con SPECT; el modelo fue reconstruido produciendo cortes tomográficos y reproyección de los mismos en tres situaciones: sin MR, simulando MR con desplazamiento diafragmático de 2 cm, y con desplazamiento de 4 cm. Se instalaron en el modelo 7 “lesiones” hipocaptantes simulando la situación del tromboembolismo pulmonar (TEP) en situación superior, media y basal y se calculó el contraste de las lesiones en las 3 situaciones descriptas. Los resultados muestran que el contraste de las lesiones es menor con el MR, que se deteriora más cuanto mayor es la magnitud del MR, y que el MR afecta en mayor grado el contraste de las lesiones de ubicación basal. La corrección de MR podría mejorar la detectabilidad de algunos defectos de perfusión, especialmente los de ubicación basal, incrementando la sensibilidad de la técnica para el diagnóstico de TEP. AbstractRespiratory motion (RM) represents a major factor of image degradation with potential impact on the detection of embolic lesions in lung perfusion scintigraphy. The aim was to investigate the influence of RM on the contrast of pulmonary lesions through a simulation study with a virtual phantom. Using a N-CAT phantom, a SPECT lung perfusion model was generated; the model was reconstructed producing three sets of tomographic slices and image reprojection under different conditions: without RM, RM simulation with 2 cm diaphragmatic displacement, and RM simulation with 4 cm diaphragmatic displacement. Seven “cold” lesions were placed in the model resembling a typical pulmonary embolism (PE) situation in superior, medial and basal locations and image contrast was calculated. Results showed a decrease in lesion contrast proportional to the degree of RM, which was more pronounced for basal lesions. Motion correction could improve the detectability of some perfusión defects, especially those in basal locations, thus incrementing the sensitivity of the technique for the diagnosis of PE.
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Article: Influencia del movimiento respiratorio sobre el contraste de las lesiones en estudios de perfusión pulmonar: simulación mediante el uso de un fantoma virtual.
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ABSTRACT: The development of positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scanners has allowed not only straightforward but also synergistic fusion of anatomical and functional information. Combined PET/CT imaging yields an increased sensitivity and specificity beyond that which either of the 2 modalities possesses separately and therefore provides improved diagnostic accuracy. Because attenuation correction in PET is performed with the use of CT images, with CT used in the localization of disease, accurate spatial registration of PET and CT image sets is required. Correcting for the spatial mismatch caused by respiratory motion represents a particular challenge for the requisite registration accuracy as a result of differences in temporal resolution between the 2 modalities. This review provides a brief summary of the materials, methods, and results involved in multiple investigations of the correction for respiratory motion in PET/CT imaging of the thorax, with the goal of improving image quality and quantitation. Although some schemes use respiratory-phase data selection to exclude motion artifacts, others have adopted sophisticated software techniques. The various image artifacts associated with breathing motion are also described.Seminars in Nuclear Medicine 06/2008; 38(3):167-76. DOI:10.1053/j.semnuclmed.2008.01.002 · 3.13 Impact Factor
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