Influencia del movimiento respiratorio sobre el contraste de las lesiones en estudios de perfusión pulmonar: simulación mediante el uso de un fantoma virtual.
Alasbimn Journal 01/2010;
ResumenEl movimiento respiratorio (MR) constituye un factor de degradación de las imágenes con potencial influencia sobre la capacidad de detección de lesiones tromboembólicas en estudios de perfusión pulmonar. El objetivo fue investigar la influencia del MR sobre el contraste de lesiones pulmonares, por medio de simulación con un fantoma virtual. Mediante un fantoma N-CAT se generó un modelo de perfusión pulmonar con SPECT; el modelo fue reconstruido produciendo cortes tomográficos y reproyección de los mismos en tres situaciones: sin MR, simulando MR con desplazamiento diafragmático de 2 cm, y con desplazamiento de 4 cm. Se instalaron en el modelo 7 “lesiones” hipocaptantes simulando la situación del tromboembolismo pulmonar (TEP) en situación superior, media y basal y se calculó el contraste de las lesiones en las 3 situaciones descriptas. Los resultados muestran que el contraste de las lesiones es menor con el MR, que se deteriora más cuanto mayor es la magnitud del MR, y que el MR afecta en mayor grado el contraste de las lesiones de ubicación basal. La corrección de MR podría mejorar la detectabilidad de algunos defectos de perfusión, especialmente los de ubicación basal, incrementando la sensibilidad de la técnica para el diagnóstico de TEP. AbstractRespiratory motion (RM) represents a major factor of image degradation with potential impact on the detection of embolic lesions in lung perfusion scintigraphy. The aim was to investigate the influence of RM on the contrast of pulmonary lesions through a simulation study with a virtual phantom. Using a N-CAT phantom, a SPECT lung perfusion model was generated; the model was reconstructed producing three sets of tomographic slices and image reprojection under different conditions: without RM, RM simulation with 2 cm diaphragmatic displacement, and RM simulation with 4 cm diaphragmatic displacement. Seven “cold” lesions were placed in the model resembling a typical pulmonary embolism (PE) situation in superior, medial and basal locations and image contrast was calculated. Results showed a decrease in lesion contrast proportional to the degree of RM, which was more pronounced for basal lesions. Motion correction could improve the detectability of some perfusión defects, especially those in basal locations, thus incrementing the sensitivity of the technique for the diagnosis of PE.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Fernando Mut, Oct 05, 2015
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