Heteroaryl-linked 5-(1H-benzimidazol-1-yl)-2-thiophenecarboxamides: potent inhibitors of polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) with improved drug-like properties.
ABSTRACT Potent inhibitors of PLK1 with acceptable solubility, mouse iv clearance, and reduced CYP450 inhibition were identified. Drug-like properties were improved using a heteroaryl ring as a functional handle for manipulation of inhibitors' physiochemical and DMPK properties.
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ABSTRACT: We have isolated murine cDNAs encoding two isoforms of a putative protein-serine/threonine kinase, designated Sak-a and Sak-b, which differ in their noncatalytic C-terminal ends. The kinase domain of Sak is related to the catalytic domains of the Drosophila polo, Saccharomyces cerevisiae CDC5, and murine Snk and Plk kinases, a family of proteins for which a role in controlling cell proliferation has been established (polo, CDC5) or implicated (Snk, Plk). Northern and in situ RNA analyses of Sak gene expression in mouse embryos and adult tissues revealed that expression was associated with mitotic and meiotic cell division. In addition, during embryogenesis, Sak expression was prominent in the respiratory and olfactory mucosa. The pattern of Sak expression and its sequence homology with the polo gene family suggest that the Sak kinase may play a role in cell proliferation. In support of this, cell growth was suppressed by expression of a Sak-a-antisense fragment in CHO cells.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 08/1994; 91(14):6388-92. · 9.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The human protein kinase Plk1, a member of the polo-like kinase family, is known to function at mitosis. Here we show that the relative specific activity of Plk1 increases in mitosis, that Plk1 is specifically phosphorylated during mitosis, and that phosphatase treatment reduces mitotic Plk1 activity to interphase levels. To identify domains involved in the regulation of Plk1 activity, deletion mutants of Plk1 were constructed and their activities examined. Deletion of the extreme C-terminus of Plk1 substantially increased kinase activity, indicating that the C-terminus harbors an inhibitory domain. Finally, the consequences of over-production of wild-type and mutant Plk1 protein were analyzed, using transient transfection assays. Cells overexpressing Plk1 protein were able to enter mitosis and establish an apparently normal bipolar spindle. In contrast, progression through mitosis was transiently delayed, and cytokinesis appeared to be disturbed, as reflected by a significant increase in large cells with multiple, often fragmented nuclei. These results are relevant to recently proposed roles for Plks during both entry into and exit from mitosis.Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 11/1997; 239(2):377-85. · 2.41 Impact Factor
- Analytical Biochemistry 06/1997; 248(1):188-90. · 2.58 Impact Factor