Article

Somatic symptom overlap in Beck Depression Inventory-II scores following myocardial infarction.

Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, and Department of Psychiatry and Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Community Studies, Jewish General Hospital, Montréal, Québec, Canada.
The British journal of psychiatry: the journal of mental science (Impact Factor: 7.34). 07/2010; 197(1):61-6. DOI: 10.1192/bjp.bp.109.076596
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Depression measures that include somatic symptoms may inflate severity estimates among medically ill patients, including those with cardiovascular disease.
To evaluate whether people receiving in-patient treatment following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) had higher somatic symptom scores on the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) than a non-medically ill control group matched on cognitive/affective scores.
Somatic scores on the BDI-II were compared between 209 patients admitted to hospital following an AMI and 209 psychiatry out-patients matched on gender, age and cognitive/affective scores, and between 366 post-AMI patients and 366 undergraduate students matched on gender and cognitive/affective scores.
Somatic symptoms accounted for 44.1% of total BDI-II score for the 209 post-AMI and psychiatry out-patient groups, 52.7% for the 366 post-AMI patients and 46.4% for the students. Post-AMI patients had somatic scores on average 1.1 points higher than the students (P<0.001). Across groups, somatic scores accounted for approximately 70% of low total scores (BDI-II <4) v. approximately 35% in patients with total BDI-II scores of 12 or more.
Our findings contradict assertions that self-report depressive symptom measures inflate severity scores in post-AMI patients. However, the preponderance of somatic symptoms at low score levels across groups suggests that BDI-II scores may include a small amount of somatic symptom variance not necessarily related to depression in post-AMI and non-medically ill respondents.

0 Followers
 · 
117 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To measure the severity of symptoms of depression and suicidal ideation in people with epilepsy (PWE) before and after epilepsy surgery using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). We aimed to determine the factors associated to depression in PWE. METHODS: PWE, regardless of epilepsy type, seizure type, duration or frequency of seizures, and AEDs were investigated. The sample (n=468) was divided into two groups: pre-operatory (n=346) and pos-operatory (n=122). RESULTS: Before epilepsy surgery female gender, unemployment and high seizure frequency were associated factors for the occurrence of symptoms of depression. After epilepsy surgery, the only factor associated to high level of depression symptoms was the lack of seizure remission. Suicidal ideation was associated to seizure frequency before and after epilepsy surgery. CONCLUSION: Our results confirm the generally held view that depression is common in PWE and provide further insight to the association of depression with certain socio-demographic and seizure-related factors before and after epilepsy surgery.
    Journal of Epilepsy and Clinical Neurophysiology 12/2011; 18(3):85-91. DOI:10.1590/S1676-26492012000300004
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a connective tissue disease associated with increased functional impairment, body image distress due to skin lesions, and psychosocial comorbidity, particularly depression. Prevalence of depressive symptoms in SSc patients ranges from 36% to 65% and it contributes to the worsening of any aspect of the disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and clinical and non-clinical correlates of depressive symptoms in a sample of outpatients with SSc. Seventy-eight consecutive SSc outpatients were recruited from February 2005 to July 2007. Socio-demographic and SSc-related clinical data were collected, including a modified Rodnan Skin Score, the Valentini Disease Activity Index and psycho-metric assessment of disability and pain. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Two questions on perception of support from relatives and impact of disfigurements were also directly addressed to subjects. The BDI mean score was 10.5 (± 8.3), with 36 subjects (46.2%) scoring above clinical significance. Unemployment, increased disability, pain, disease activity and articular involvement were significantly associated with more depressive symptoms. Older age, unemployment and more depressive symptoms were also related with complaints of disfigurements due to skin involvement. Depression is an influential prognostic factor in SSc. The present study contributes to the knowledge of the relationship between depression and clinical features routinely collected in rheumatology settings in order to develop a standardized assessment of psychosocial distress in routine rheumatologic procedures.
    International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases 02/2014; 17(2):186-94. DOI:10.1111/1756-185X.12100 · 1.77 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The literature has stipulated that stress causes somatic symptoms; however, the pathway has not been empirically examined. This study examines the relationship between stress, anxiety, depression, and somatic symptoms by investigating the mediating roles of anxiety and depression in the relationship between stress and somatic symptoms in the general Chinese population. Data were collected from 202 Chinese participants in a household survey conducted between August and September 2013 in Hong Kong. The measurements included a Patient Health Questionnaire, Perceived Stress Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and Sociodemographics. By using structural equation modeling, anxiety was a significant mediator of the effect of stress on somatic symptoms (Z = 4.328, p < .001, 95% CI = .061, .152), even after adjusting for sociodemographic variables. The findings imply that clinical presentation of somatic symptoms will be helpful for general practitioners in primary care in diagnosing anxiety.
    Psychology Health and Medicine 08/2014; DOI:10.1080/13548506.2014.951372 · 1.53 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
188 Downloads
Available from
Jun 3, 2014