Early lymphocyte reconstitution is associated with improved transplant outcome after cord blood transplantation
ABSTRACT Previous studies have shown that rapid recovery of the absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) is associated with improved transplant outcomes after related and unrelated donor allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). No consistent association has been reported between lymphocyte recovery and transplant outcome after cord blood transplantation (CBT).
We reviewed the records of 40 consecutive CBT patients at our institution to determine the impact of lymphocyte recovery on transplant outcome.
The majority of patients (83%) received CBT for hematologic malignancies. Patients with ALC ≥150/μL at 30 days post-CBT had decreased non-relapse mortality (NRM) (P = 0.011) and improved survival (P = 0.013) compared with ALC <150/μL. Patients with ALC <100/μL at 30 days post-CBT had a significantly higher rate of graft failure than those with ALC ≥100/μL (four of 10 versus one of 29; P = 0.011). ALC was positively correlated with the nucleated cell dose and inversely correlated with the patient's age. There was no relationship between disease risk, type of conditioning regimen, anti-thymocyte globulin and number of cord units on ALC recovery.
Our results indicate that ALC 30 days post-CBT is a surrogate for engraftment, and that low ALC (<150/μL) identifies an 'at-risk' population of patients after CBT. Studies are needed to determine ways to increase ALC cell numbers post-CBT, including ex vivo-expanded natural killer cells using adoptive immunotherapy, which might improve outcome after CBT.
- Cytotherapy 09/2011; 13(8):900-2. DOI:10.3109/14653249.2011.603220 · 3.10 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Umbilical cord blood transplantation (CBT) is an effective treatment for benign and malignant diseases. Late effects of CBT are not well described in the literature. In the present study, we present our experience of new-onset allergies in long-term survivors after CBT. After an initial patient had a severe peanut allergic reaction after CBT, all CBT patients were prospectively followed for new allergy development. Fifty patients received CBT between March 2006 and June 2011. The median follow-up after CBT was 447 days (range, 12-2022). At the time of analysis, 30 patients were alive, with 3-year survival of 55.5%; median follow-up of surviving patients was 910 days (range, 68-2022). The allergic syndrome developed in five patients, with the cumulative incidence of new allergies at 2 years of 18.4% (95% confidence interval, 10.8-26). The median time to onset of new allergy after transplantation was 298 days (range, 250-809). Allergy development has been linked to a delayed maturation of the immune system in several studies. We present the first case series of patients who had new allergies after CBT. Further study of this novel complication as well as counseling of patients after CBT would be important.Cytotherapy 10/2013; 15(10):1259-65. DOI:10.1016/j.jcyt.2013.05.018 · 3.10 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PKPD) modelling is used to describe and quantify dose-concentration-effect relationships. Within paediatric studies in infectious diseases and immunology these methods are often applied to developing guidance on appropriate dosing. In this paper, an introduction to the field of PKPD modelling is given, followed by a review of the PKPD studies that have been undertaken in paediatric infectious diseases and immunology. The main focus is on identifying the methodological approaches used to define the PKPD relationship in these studies. The major findings were that most studies of infectious diseases have developed a PK model and then used simulations to define a dose recommendation based on a pre-defined PD target, which may have been defined in adults or in vitro. For immunological studies much of the modelling has focused on either PK or PD, and since multiple drugs are usually used, delineating the relative contributions of each is challenging. The use of dynamical modelling of in vitro antibacterial studies, and paediatric HIV mechanistic PD models linked with the PK of all drugs, are emerging methods that should enhance PKPD-based recommendations in future.Advanced drug delivery reviews 01/2014; 73(100). DOI:10.1016/j.addr.2014.01.002 · 12.71 Impact Factor