New Technique Using Combined Pulsed Dye Laser and Fractional Resurfacing for Treating Facial Angiofibromas in Tuberous Sclerosis
ABSTRACT Tuberous sclerosis (TS) is a well-described genetic disorder that is classically associated with up to hundreds of facial angiofibromas. Due to the progressive nature of the skin lesions and the early clinical presentation, a safe and effective technique for treating these disfiguring skin lesions is needed.
We report a combinatorial technique for treating the angiofibromas of TS. We present a case series of three TS patients treated with this technique combining pinpoint electrosurgery, pulsed-dye laser treatment, and ablative fractional resurfacing (AFR).
In all presented cases, improvement in the number and appearance of facial angiofibromas and erythema is noted. No scarring or adverse events were reported.
The technique of electrosurgery, pulsed-dye laser treatment, and AFR represents a new and safe therapeutic option for treating facial angiofibromas associated with TS.
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- "TSC cases should have a detailed skin examination at the time of diagnosis and annually thereafter. Disfiguring skin lesions may improve with laser therapy, dermabrasion, and possibly with topical mTOR inhibitors (Papadavid et al., 2002; Weinberger et al., 2009; Weiss & Geronemus, 2010). "
ABSTRACT: Tuberous sclerosis or Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a relatively rare autosomal dominant and progressive neurocutaneous disorder involves multiple organs mainly brain, heart, kidney, lung, liver, skin and eye. The diagnosis is typically made clinically. Here, we are reporting a case of TSC presented mainly with dermatologic findings and only neurologic manifestations on MRI. A 15-year-old female with intellectual disability is followed up at neurology clinic for history of seizure. Intelligence evaluation showed that she has intellectual disability. She had wart like lesions distributed in form of butterfly over the face especially involving nose. She did not have any sign and symptom of heart, kidney, lung, bone and eye involvement. Also, her laboratory tests were normal. Despite the physical examination showed absolutely intact neurologic examination, but brain MRI and CT scan revealed several cortical and subcortical tubers, and subependymal glial nodules; no evidence of giant cell astrocytomas and aneurysm. Hypesignal foci are seen at subcortical white matter on long TR images. Fibers are involved. In this case, there is no evidence of giant cell astrocytomas and aneurysm. It seems that TSC could be the prevalent disorder and referring intellectual disability patients in birth with normal organs could be diagnosed as TSC. Therefore, there is necessary need to design genetic natal and post natal tests for diagnosis of TSC cases. Also, there is pivotal that similar cases must be reported; perhaps TSC is more prevalent than to be considered.Global journal of health science 02/2015; 7(5). DOI:10.5539/gjhs.v7n5p124
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- "Early intervention is indicated for bleeding, symptomatic, or potentially disfiguring TSC skin lesions. There is insufficient evidence to guide choice of treatment—case reports and case series document successful use of surgical excision, lasers, and topical mTOR inhibitors.49–53 (Category 3) "
ABSTRACT: Tuberous sclerosis complex is a genetic disorder affecting every organ system, but disease manifestations vary significantly among affected individuals. The diverse and varied presentations and progression can be life-threatening with significant impact on cost and quality of life. Current surveillance and management practices are highly variable among region and country, reflective of the fact that last consensus recommendations occurred in 1998 and an updated, comprehensive standard is lacking that incorporates the latest scientific evidence and current best clinical practices. The 2012 International Tuberous Sclerosis Complex Consensus Group, comprising 79 specialists from 14 countries, was organized into 12 separate subcommittees, each led by a clinician with advanced expertise in tuberous sclerosis complex and the relevant medical subspecialty. Each subcommittee focused on a specific disease area with important clinical management implications and was charged with formulating key clinical questions to address within its focus area, reviewing relevant literature, evaluating the strength of data, and providing a recommendation accordingly. The updated consensus recommendations for clinical surveillance and management in tuberous sclerosis complex are summarized here. The recommendations are relevant to the entire lifespan of the patient, from infancy to adulthood, including both individuals where the diagnosis is newly made as well as individuals where the diagnosis already is established. The 2012 International Tuberous Sclerosis Complex Consensus Recommendations provide an evidence-based, standardized approach for optimal clinical care provided for individuals with tuberous sclerosis complex.Pediatric Neurology 10/2013; 49(4):255-65. DOI:10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2013.08.002 · 1.50 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant neurocutaneous disorder characterized by the development of multisystem hamartomatous tumours. Facial angiofibroma appears in up to 80% of patients and has a considerable psychological impact. Various invasive procedures have been used, although they show limited effectiveness and potential adverse effects. Objectives To evaluate the sustained clinical benefits and safety profile of topical sirolimus applied to treat facial angiofibromas. Methods This study was a non-blinded, uncontrolled case-series comprising 10 patients with TSC-associated facial angiofibroma that was treated with 0.4% sirolimus ointment 3 times a week for 9 months. Patients were clinically evaluated at baseline and at 6, 12, 24 and 36 weeks. Plasma levels of sirolimus were determined. Results A sustained improvement was observed in erythema and in the size and extension of the lesions as early as the first weeks of treatment. Sirolimus plasma levels remained below detection limits (0.3 ng/mL) in all cases. The formula was well-tolerated with no local or systemic adverse effects. Conclusions Topical sirolimus seems to be an effective and safe medical alternative to surgery or laser-based treatments in patients with TSC-associated facial angiofibromas.Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology 08/2011; 26(10):1315-8. DOI:10.1111/j.1468-3083.2011.04212.x · 3.11 Impact Factor