Coronary microvascular reactivity to adenosine predicts adverse outcome in women evaluated for suspected ischemia results from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute WISE (Women's Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation) study.
ABSTRACT We investigated whether coronary microvascular dysfunction predicts major adverse outcomes during follow-up among women with signs and symptoms of ischemia.
Altered coronary reactivity occurs frequently in women evaluated for suspected ischemia, and the endothelium-dependent component is linked with adverse outcomes. Possible links between endothelium-independent microvascular coronary reactivity and adverse outcomes remain uncertain.
As part of the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute-sponsored WISE (Women's Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation), we investigated relationships between major adverse outcomes and baseline coronary flow reserve (CFR) after intracoronary adenosine in 189 women referred to evaluate suspected ischemia.
At a mean of 5.4 years, we observed significant associations between CFR and major adverse outcomes (death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke, or hospital stay for heart failure). An exploratory receiver-operator characteristic analysis identified CFR <2.32 as the best discriminating threshold for adverse outcomes (event rate 26.7%; and >or=2.32 event rate 12.2%; p = 0.01). Lower CFR was associated with increased risk for major adverse outcomes (hazard ratio: 1.16, 95% confidence interval: 1.04 to 1.30; p = 0.009). This held true among the 152 women without obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) (hazard ratio: 1.20, 95% confidence interval: 1.05 to 1.38; p = 0.008). The CFR significantly improved prediction of adverse outcomes over angiographic CAD severity and other risk conditions.
Among women with suspected ischemia and atherosclerosis risk factors, coronary microvascular reactivity to adenosine significantly improves prediction of major adverse outcomes over angiographic CAD severity and CAD risk factors. These findings suggest that coronary microvessels represent novel targets for diagnostic and therapeutic strategies to predict and limit adverse outcomes in women. (Women's Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation [WISE]; NCT00000554).
European Heart Journal 03/2011; 32(11):1313-5. · 10.48 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Hypertension is associated with atherosclerosis and cardiac and vascular structural and functional changes. Myocardial ischemia may arise in hypertension independent of coronary artery disease through an interaction between several pathophysiological mechanisms, including left ventricular hypertrophy, increased arterial stiffness and reduced coronary flow reserve associated with microvascular disease and endothelial dysfunction. The present case report demonstrates how contrast stress echocardiography can be used to diagnose myocardial ischemia in a hypertensive patient with angina pectoris but without significant obstructive coronary artery disease. The myocardial ischemia was due to severe resistant hypertension complicated with concentric left ventricular hypertrophy and increased arterial stiffness.Cardiovascular Ultrasound 11/2011; 9:33. · 1.26 Impact Factor