Predictive accuracy of the pneumonia severity index vs CRB-65 for time to clinical stability: results from the Community-Acquired Pneumonia Organization (CAPO) International Cohort Study.

University of Louisville, School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Louisville, KY 40202, USA.
Respiratory medicine (Impact Factor: 2.33). 11/2010; 104(11):1736-43. DOI: 10.1016/j.rmed.2010.05.022
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The Pneumonia Severity Index (PSI) and CRB-65 are scores used to predict mortality in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). It is unknown how well either score predicts time to clinical stability in hospitalized patients with CAP. Thus, it is also not known which score predicts time to clinical stability better.
A secondary analysis of 3087 patients from the Community-Acquired Pneumonia Organization (CAPO) database was performed. Time-dependent receiver-operator characteristic (ROC) curves for time to clinical stability were calculated for the PSI and CRB-65 scores at day seven of hospitalization. Secondary outcomes were to assess the relationship of the PSI and CRB-65 to in-hospital mortality and length of stay (LOS). ROC curves for LOS and mortality were calculated.
The area under the ROC curve (AUC) for time to clinical stability by day seven was 0.638 (95% CI 0.613, 0.660) when using the PSI, and 0.647 (95% CI 0.619, 0.670) while using the CRB-65. The difference in AUC values was not statistically significant (95% CI for difference of -0.03 to 0.01). However, the difference in the AUC values for discharge within 14 days (0.651 for PSI vs 0.63 for CRB-65, 95% CI for difference 0.001-0.049), and 28-day in-hospital mortality (0.738 for PSI vs 0.69 for CRB-65, 95% CI for difference 0.02-0.082) were both statistically significant.
This study demonstrates a moderate ability of both the PSI and CRB-65 scores to predict time to clinical stability, and found that the predictive accuracy of the PSI was equivalent to that of the CRB-65 for this outcome.

  • Heart Lung and Circulation - HEART LUNG CIRC. 01/2003; 12(2).
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the differential plasma levels of lipocalin 2 (LCN2) and its complex with MMP-9 (where MMP is matrix metalloproteinase) before and after antibiotic treatment in hospitalized adult patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Plasma LCN2 and LCN2/MMP-9 complex levels were measured in 61 adult patients with CAP and 60 healthy controls using commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). A decrease in the number of white blood cells (WBCs) and neutrophils and decreases in the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), LCN2, and LCN2/MMP-9 complex were observed after antibiotic treatment. The plasma level of LCN2, but not that of CRP, was correlated with the severity of CAP based on the Pneumonia Severity Index (PSI; r = 0.333, P = 0.009), confusion, urea, respiratory rate and blood pressure (CURB)-65 (r = 0.288, P = 0.024), and Acute Physiology And Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) scores (r = 0.328, P = 0.010). LCN2 levels were also significantly correlated with LCN2/MMP-9 levels and the numbers of WBCs or neutrophils. Plasma levels of LCN2 and the LCN2/MMP-9 complex can act as adjuvant diagnostic biomarkers for CAP. Plasma LCN2 might play a further role in the clinical assessment of the severity of CAP, which could potentially guide the development of future treatment strategies.
    Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis 07/2013; 27(4):253-60. · 1.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background A clinical stability (CS) evaluation is thought to be important in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) treatment, but evidence concerning the time to CS (TCS) remains lacking. Methods Among consecutive patients hospitalized with pneumococcal pneumonia, relationships between TCS and other clinical outcomes were examined, and predictors and a predictive TCS score were derived from patient characteristics on admission. Results A total of 144 patients were enrolled, including 46% and 27% with moderate and severe pneumonia, respectively, defined by the pneumonia severity index (PSI). The median TCS was 2 days, and was significantly correlated with the length of hospital stay (r = 0.595); a longer TCS was significantly associated with the more presence of poor clinical outcomes and ICU stays (adjusted odds ratios: 1.359 and 1.366, respectively). A multivariate Cox proportional hazard model revealed an absence of bilateral pneumonia (hazard rate (HR): 2.107) or bacteremia (HR: 2.520), and mild or moderate pneumonia (HR: 2.798 and 2.515, respectively, versus severe) as predictors of CS. A predictive score had moderate discriminating power for the prolonged TCS (area under the curve: 0.76), and provided similar predictive values for poor clinical outcomes and ICU stays. A score of 3 or more points indicated the prolonged TCS, with a sensitivity and specificity of 73.3% and 70.9%, respectively. Conclusions Because TCS has a significant relationship with other clinical outcomes of pneumococcal CAP, the prediction of TCS might lead to the prevention of complications or an earlier transition to oral therapy. Future studies are warranted to validate these results.
    Respiratory medicine 01/2014; · 2.33 Impact Factor


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May 30, 2014