Can parents and children evaluate each other's dental fear?
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to determine whether parents and their 11-16-yr-old children can evaluate each other's dental fear. At baseline the participants were 11-12-yr-old children from the Finnish Cities of Pori (n = 1,691) and Rauma (n = 807), and one of their parents. The children and their parents were asked if they or their family members were afraid of dental care. Fears were assessed using single 5-point Likert-scale questions that included a 'do not know' option. Children and parents answered the questionnaire independently of each other. Background variables were the child's and their parent's gender. Parents' and children's knowledge of each other's dental fear was evaluated with kappa statistics and with sensitivity and specificity statistics using dichotomized fear variables. All kappa values were < 0.42. When dental fear among children and parents was evaluated, all sensitivities varied between 0.10 and 0.39, and all specificities varied between 0.93 and 0.99. Evaluating dental fear among fearful children and parents, the sensitivities varied between 0.17 and 0.50 and the specificities varied between 0.85 and 0.94, respectively. Parents and children could not recognize each other's dental fear. Therefore, parents and children cannot be used as reliable proxies for determining each other's dental fear.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a school-based intervention project conducted in a mid-sized Finnish city, Laukaa on schoolchildren's oral health behavior. Material and Methods. In the intervention, all children received dental education and some of the 7-12-year-old schoolchildren received individual tooth brushing instructions by a dental nurse in 2009-2010. Parents were present at the instruction sessions. In 2009 and 2010, all the children answered a questionnaire or an oral hygienist on their oral health behavior without identification. Results. Tooth brushing frequency increased significantly among the schoolchildren between the years 2009 (61.2%) and 2010 (65%) (P < 0.05); more so among younger children (7-10-year-olds) compared to the older ones (11-12-year-olds). The 2010 results showed a slight trend of decreasing tooth brushing frequency by age both among girls and boys. Younger children got significantly more often parental help or reminding. The girls brushed their teeth significantly more frequently (71.9%) than boys (57.0%). Conclusions. Our findings indicate that oral health intervention can be beneficial on health behavior especially for children at low grades. All children, 11 to 12 years of age, especially boys, need continuous health promotion.International Journal of Dentistry 01/2013; 2013:485741.
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ABSTRACT: To determine causes leading to dental care under general anaesthesia (DGA) in public health care reported by the patients or the parents/caregivers. All the patients referred to DGA at the Municipal Health Centre, Oulu, Finland, during 10 months were invited to participate in the present cross-sectional survey. They were sent a questionnaire on indications for referral to DGA, dental fear, possible reasons for it as well as prior treatment of dental fear. For measuring overall dental fear, the modified Corah dental anxiety scale (MCDAS) and visual analogue scale (VAS) forms were also included in the questionnaire. The most common self-reported indication for referral to DGA was dental fear (63.9 %). For children and adolescents (<18 years), need for extensive care was the second most common reported cause. The great majority of the respondents reported having dental fear (90.8 %). Dental fear was more common among females than males, but the difference between the genders was not statistically significant. The most common cause for dental fear was earlier negative experiences in dental care (51.9 %). The mean MCDAS score was 19.0 (SD 5.7; 5-25) indicating severe dental anxiety. An increasing trend towards older age groups could be seen in VAS scores reporting fear of pain, needles, scaling, scolding by the dentist, extractions, as well as endodontic treatment. Dental fear had been taken into consideration in dental treatment preceding DGA. Dental fear is the most common self-reported indication for referral to DGA and should be taken into consideration.European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry. Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry. 08/2013;
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ABSTRACT: Few studies have examined psychological stress and personal anxiety in children exhibiting cooperative behaviour during dental treatment. We assessed psychological stress and personal anxiety during dental treatment in cooperative children, and investigated the influence of various factors. We measured pre- and post-treatment salivary alpha amylase (sAA) levels of 28 children aged 8-13 years and their parents. Children completed the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (STAIC); their parents completed the STAI. The IA group included children whose sAA levels increased >10%, whereas the DA group included children whose sAA levels decreased >10%. We used regression models to calculate the power of variables to predict children's psychological stress. The mean anxiety trait score in the IA group was significantly higher than in the DA group (t-test, P = 0.021). For children with higher STAIC-Trait scores, the OR for increasing sAA was 1.16 (95% CI [1.02-1.31]). Parental or treatment factors did not significantly contribute to incremental sAA levels in children. Well-behaved children with high anxiety traits may experience high stress levels during dental treatment; however, parental and dental treatment factors may not affect psychological stress in these children.European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry. Official Journal of the Italian Society of Paediatric Dentistry. 12/2013; 14(4):263-8. · 0.52 Impact Factor