Do drug transporter (ABCB1) SNPs influence cyclosporine and tacrolimus dose requirements and renal allograft outcome in the posttransplantation period?
ABSTRACT Polymorphisms in the drug transporter gene (ABCB1) may play a significant role in individualizing cyclosporine (CsA) and tacrolimus (Tac) dosage and subsequently the allograft outcome in renal transplant recipients. In total, 225 recipients on CsA and 75 on Tac-based immunosuppression regimen were recruited, and 6 common polymorphic sites in the ABCB1 gene were analyzed for association with dose-adjusted levels of CsA/Tac. Furthermore, association of ABCB1 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with allograft outcome was examined. GG and CC genotype patients at ABCB1 2677G>T and ABCB1 3435C>T were associated with lower dose-adjusted levels of CsA and Tac at 1 month (P = .057, P = .034), 3 months (P = .001, P = .015), and 6 months (P = .043) posttransplantation. Wild-type patients at 1236C>T (log P = .025) and 2677G>T (log P = .002) in CsA and 2677G>T (log P = .008) and 3435C>T (log P = .015) in Tac therapy patients demonstrated lower mean time to allograft rejection. No influence of ABCB1 haplotypes on CsA/Tac dose-adjusted levels was observed. Wild-type patients at ABCB1 2677G>T and 3435C>T were associated with lower dose-adjusted levels and thereby were at increased risk of allograft rejection because of under-immunosuppression in the early part of posttransplantation. Thus, genetic evaluation may be helpful to identify patients at risk for allograft rejection and also to individualize immunosuppressant dosing.