Chronic lymphocytic leukemia modeled in mouse by targeted miR-29 expression

Department of Molecular Virology, Ohio State University School of Medicine, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (Impact Factor: 9.67). 07/2010; 107(27):12210-5. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1007186107
Source: PubMed


B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL), the most common leukemia in the Western world, occurs in two forms, aggressive (showing for the most part high ZAP-70 expression and unmutated IgH V(H)) and indolent (showing low ZAP-70 expression and mutated IgH V(H)). We found that miR-29a is up-regulated in indolent human B-CLL as compared with aggressive B-CLL and normal CD19(+) B cells. To study the role of miR-29 in B-CLL, we generated Emu-miR-29 transgenic mice overexpressing miR-29 in mouse B cells. Flow cytometric analysis revealed a markedly expanded CD5(+) population in the spleen of these mice starting at 2 mo of age, with 85% (34/40) of miR-29 transgenic mice exhibiting expanded CD5(+) B-cell populations, a characteristic of B-CLL. On average, 50% of B cells in these transgenic mice were CD5 positive. At 2 y of age the mice showed significantly enlarged spleens and an increase in the CD5(+) B-cell population to approximately 100%. Of 20 Emu-miR-29 transgenic mice followed to 24-26 mo of age, 4 (20%) developed frank leukemia and died of the disease. These results suggest that dysregulation of miR-29 can contribute to the pathogenesis of indolent B-CLL.

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Available from: Stefan Costinean, Feb 03, 2015
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    • "MiR-29a and miR-29b were up-regulated in both HCV+ and Ctrl NMZLs compared to RLNs, and extension of the analysis to all available B-NHLs showed that up-regulation of these miRs was common to the whole B-NHL group, a feature also shared with another lymphoid malignancy, chronic lymphocytic leukemia [40]. However, up-regulation in the HCV+ NMZLs was significantly lower than in the Ctrl NMZLs, suggesting a role for HCV in "dampening" the up-regulation. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Epidemiological evidence links Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) to B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL). These B-NHLs, particularly those associated with HCV, may represent a distinct sub-group with peculiar molecular features, including peculiar expression of microRNAs (miRs). Methods: Fourteen formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissues from HBV+, HCV+ and HBV-/HCV- indolent B-NHL patients were analyzed for levels of 34 selected miRs by quantitative Real-Time PCR. Reactive lymph nodes (RLNs) from HBV-/HCV- patients were included as non-tumor control. Statistical analysis of output data included Pearson and Spearman correlation and Mann-Whitney test and were carried out by the STATA software. Results: MiR-92a was decreased exclusively in HBV-/HCV- B-NHLs, while miR-30b was increased in HBV+ and HCV+ samples, though only the HCV+ achieved full statistical significance. Analysis of a small subset of B-NHLs belonging to the same histological subtype (Nodal Marginal Zone Lymphoma) highlighted three miRs associated with HCV infection (miR-223, miR-29a and miR-29b) and confirmed decreased level of miR-92a in HBV-/HCV- samples also when considering this restricted B-NHL group. Conclusions: Although caution is needed due to the limited number of analyzed samples, overall the results suggest that differences at the miR expression level exist between indolent B-NHLs developed in patients with or without HBV or HCV infection. The identification of three further miRs associated with HCV by analyzing histologically homogeneous samples suggests that variations of miR levels possibly associated with HBV or HCV may be obscured by the tissue-specific variability of miR level associated with the different histological subtypes of B-NHL. Thus, the identification of further miRs will require, in addition to an increased sample size, the comparison of B-NHL tissues with the same histological classification.
    BMC Infectious Diseases 09/2014; 14 Suppl 5(Suppl 5):S6. DOI:10.1186/1471-2334-14-S5-S6 · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    • "Wang et al. have shown that miR-29b expression promoted migration and invasion of human breast cancer cells possibly due to its ability to target the tumor suppressor PTEN [53]. A notable observation regarding the biologic role of miR-29 is that transgenic miR-29 overexpressing mice spontaneously developed indolent chronic lymphocytic leukemias [54]. The reasons for these diverse roles of miR-29 could be many. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background N-Myc Interactor is an inducible protein whose expression is compromised in advanced stage breast cancer. Downregulation of NMI, a gatekeeper of epithelial phenotype, in breast tumors promotes mesenchymal, invasive and metastatic phenotype of the cancer cells. Thus the mechanisms that regulate expression of NMI are of potential interest for understanding the etiology of breast tumor progression and metastasis. Method Web based prediction algorithms were used to identify miRNAs that potentially target the NMI transcript. Luciferase reporter assays and western blot analysis were used to confirm the ability of miR-29 to target NMI. Quantitive-RT-PCRs were used to examine levels of miR29 and NMI from cell line and patient specimen derived RNA. The functional impact of miR-29 on EMT phenotype was evaluated using transwell migration as well as monitoring 3D matrigel growth morphology. Anti-miRs were used to examine effects of reducing miR-29 levels from cells. Western blots were used to examine changes in GSK3β phosphorylation status. The impact on molecular attributes of EMT was evaluated using immunocytochemistry, qRT-PCRs as well as Western blot analyses. Results Invasive, mesenchymal-like breast cancer cell lines showed increased levels of miR-29. Introduction of miR-29 into breast cancer cells (with robust level of NMI) resulted in decreased NMI expression and increased invasion, whereas treatment of cells with high miR-29 and low NMI levels with miR-29 antagonists increased NMI expression and decreased invasion. Assessment of 2D and 3D growth morphologies revealed an EMT promoting effect of miR-29. Analysis of mRNA of NMI and miR-29 from patient derived breast cancer tumors showed a strong, inverse relationship between the expression of NMI and the miR-29. Our studies also revealed that in the absence of NMI, miR-29 expression is upregulated due to unrestricted Wnt/β-catenin signaling resulting from inactivation of GSK3β. Conclusion Aberrant miR-29 expression may account for reduced NMI expression in breast tumors and mesenchymal phenotype of cancer cells that promotes invasive growth. Reduction in NMI levels has a feed-forward impact on miR-29 levels.
    Molecular Cancer 08/2014; 13(1):200. DOI:10.1186/1476-4598-13-200 · 4.26 Impact Factor
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    • "miR-29 is a very important miRNA family whose members are increasingly recognized as tumor suppressors in a variety of malignancies such as in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), lung cancer, hepatocelluar carcinoma (HCC) and so on. In contrast to the majority of studies highlighting tumor-suppressive properties [15-18], opposing expression patterns and roles seem to exist in breast cancer and primary melanoma [19,20]. Moreover, it is crucial to identify target genes of miR-29s in different cancer as well as in leukemia in order to decipher cancer-associated cellular pathways and networks that might be regulated by miR-29. "
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives The miR-29 family have been demonstrated acting as vital tumor suppressor in multiple cancers as well as regulators in the adaptive immune system. Little is known about their role in leukemogenesis. The purpose of this study is to analyze the expression pattern of miR-29a/29b and its target genes Mcl-1 (myeloid cell leukemia sequence 1) and B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) in myeloid leukemia. Methods Quantitative real-time PCR was used for detecting genes expression level in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 10 cases with newly diagnosed, untreated acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and 14 cases with newly diagnosed, untreated chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in chronic phase, and 14 healthy individual (HI) served as controls. Correlation between the relative expression levels of different genes have been analyzed. Results Significant lower expression of miR-29a/29b and higher expression level of two potential target genes Bcl-2 and Mcl-1 were found in PBMCs from AML and CML patients compared with HI group. In addtion, miR-29a expression in AML was significantly lower than that in CML. Moreover, negative correlation between miR-29a/29b and its target genes have been found. While, positive correlation between relative expression level of miR-29a and miR-29b or Bcl-2 and Mcl-1 were presented in the total 38 research objects. Conclusion Down-regulated miR-29a and miR-29b, and accompanying up-regulated Bcl-2 and Mcl-1 are the common feature in myeloid leukemias. These data further support the role for miR-29a/29b dysregulation in myeloid leukemogenesis and the therapeutic promise of regulating miR-29a/29b expression for myeloid leukemia in the future.
    07/2014; 3(1):17. DOI:10.1186/2162-3619-3-17
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