Parenting Behaviors and Posttraumatic Symptoms in Relation to Children's Symptomatology Following a Traumatic Event

University of Notre Dame, Department of Psychology and Center for Children and Families, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA.
Journal of Traumatic Stress (Impact Factor: 2.72). 06/2010; 23(3):403-7. DOI: 10.1002/jts.20525
Source: PubMed


Child- and caregiver-report about parenting behaviors, and caregiver-report of their own symptoms were examined in relation to children's symptomatology following a potentially traumatic event (PTE) among 91 youth. Child-report of hostile and coercive parenting was a salient predictor of child posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), internalizing symptoms, and personal adjustment. Caregivers' own trauma symptoms predicted caregiver-report of child PTSD, internalizing and externalizing symptoms, but not child-reported child symptoms. Implications for assessment and intervention following exposure to a PTE are emphasized.

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    • "For youth aged 11-17 years, both parent and youth report were obtained and interesting similarities and differences were discovered. Correlations between parent and youth report were low, but positive, which is consistent with prior trauma and disaster research (e.g., Rowe, La Greca, & Alexandersson, 2010; Valentino, Berkowitz, & Stover, 2010). This indicated the need to examine models separately, as youth may have a different view from adults. "
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    • "That is, the shared experience and their safe surrounding upon returning home may have expanded their ability to provide the warm and sensitive support that has been associated with positive child adjustment in several studies (e.g. Valentino et al. 2010). It is worth noticing that these children reported fewer symptoms of PTSD compared to children in other disaster studies (Jensen et al. 2009). "
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